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1/298. popliteal artery occlusion as a late complication of liquid acrylate embolization for cerebral vascular malformation.

    Occlusion of arteriovenous malformations of the brain (BAVMs) by means of an endovascular approach with liquid acrylate glue is an established treatment modality. The specific hazards of this procedure are related to the central nervous system. In the case of unexpectedly rapid polymerization of the cyanoacrylate glue and adhesion of the delivering microcatheter to the BAVM, severing the catheter at the site of vascular access is considered an acceptable and safe management. We present a unique complication related to this technique that has not been described yet. Fragmentation and migration of the microcatheter, originally left in place, had caused popliteal artery occlusion, which required saphenous vein interposition, in a 25-year-old man. Suggestions for avoiding this complication are discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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2/298. Thyrocervical to vertebral artery transposition and ipsilateral carotid endarterectomy.

    BACKGROUND: We report a new method for treating patients with symptomatic high-grade stenosis of the proximal vertebral artery associated with high-grade stenosis of the ipsilateral carotid artery. methods: Our patient had high-grade stenosis of the proximal right vertebral artery as well as high-grade stenosis of the ipsilateral carotid artery and suffered continued posterior circulation ischemic neurological deficits despite anticoagulation. RESULTS: The patient was successfully treated with a carotid endarterectomy and thyrocervical-to-vertebral artery transposition in a single operation. CONCLUSION: This procedure has the advantage in this setting of avoiding additional cross clamping on the diseased carotid artery that would normally be required for the vertebral-to-carotid artery transposition with carotid endarterectomy. Also, thrombosis at one anastamosis site would not endanger the other site as well.
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ranking = 60.922228563204
keywords = thrombosis
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3/298. Temporary Strecker stent for management of acute dissection in popliteal and crural arteries.

    Stent placement is a widely used bail-out treatment for dissection of peripheral arteries. Below the level of the superficial femoral artery permanent stenting is complicated by a high incidence of subacute thrombosis and restenosis. We present two cases of arterial occlusion due to acute iatrogenic dissection of the popliteal and distal fibular arteries. Successful treatment was achieved with a new bail-out procedure. Strecker stents were implanted to seal off the dissection flap. stents were retrieved easily after 24 hr using a myocardial biopsy forceps. After stent retrieval the temporarily stented segments were patent and showed a larger lumen compared with segments treated by balloon dilatation alone. Temporary stenting is a simple and safe procedure and offers the advantage of tacking up dissection membranes and preventing recoil. Persistent presence of a metallic implant as a source of continued injury and stimulus for intimal proliferation is avoided.
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ranking = 60.922228563204
keywords = thrombosis
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4/298. Video-assisted crossover iliofemoral obturator bypass grafting: a minimally invasive approach to extra-anatomic lower limb revascularization.

    Graft infection continues to be one of the most feared complications in vascular surgery. It can lead to disruption of anastomoses with life-threatening bleeding, thrombosis of the bypass graft, and systemic septic manifestations. One method to ensure adequate limb perfusion after removal of an infected aortofemoral graft is extra-anatomical bypass grafting. We used a minimally invasive, video-assisted approach to implant a crossover iliofemoral obturator bypass graft in a patient with infection of the left limb of an aortofemoral bifurcated graft. This appears to be the first case report describing the use of this technique.
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ranking = 60.922228563204
keywords = thrombosis
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5/298. Posterior approach to the deep femoral artery.

    Unusual surgical approaches to the deep femoral artery are valuable when the standard anterior approach is difficult because of scarring or infection. A posterior approach to the deep femoral artery in patients, in whom all other approaches were unsuitable, is described.
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ranking = 0.47041117027908
keywords = deep
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6/298. Acquired protein s deficiency with multiple thrombotic complications after orthotopic liver transplant.

    BACKGROUND: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is frequently complicated by thrombotic events that may threaten the viability of the allograft and severely compromise the overall outcome in these patients. Although multiple prothrombotic pathogenic mechanisms may be involved, a role for inadequate natural anticoagulant levels in the early postoperative period has been postulated. methods: We describe a case of a woman who suffered multiple thrombotic complications after a second OLT. Prospective assays of procoagulant and natural anticoagulant factor levels, in addition to screening tests for a variety of inherited and acquired hypercoagulable states, were carried out. RESULTS: Serial studies confirmed an acquired, isolated deficiency of Protein S associated with the second transplanted liver. Protein S levels were normal after the patient's first and third OLTs. There was no laboratory evidence of other underlying prothrombotic conditions. CONCLUSIONS: This unusual case of acquired protein s deficiency demonstrates that the hypercoagulable phenotype may develop in the recipient of a liver from a heterozygous deficient donor. Furthermore, isolated low Protein S may be causally associated with hepatic artery thrombosis after OLT.
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ranking = 60.922228563204
keywords = thrombosis
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7/298. Arterial embolus of the lower extremity. An atypical presentation.

    Acute arterial occlusion may be caused by an embolus, thrombosis, or trauma. vascular diseases can involve complications not limited to vascular-related areas and may require a multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and treatment. An overview of acute arterial occlusion is presented, as well as a case study of an atypical presentation of an arterial embolus of the lower extremity.
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ranking = 60.922228563204
keywords = thrombosis
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8/298. Transverse cervical artery bypass pedicle for treatment of common carotid artery occlusion: new adjunct for revascularization of the internal carotid artery domain.

    OBJECTIVE: We present two cases of common carotid artery occlusion that were treated by vascular reconstruction using the transverse cervical artery. methods: Two patients with common carotid artery occlusion presented with transient ischemic attacks resulting from decreased cerebral blood flow on the affected side. Both patients underwent vascular reconstruction using the transverse cervical artery. The transverse cervical artery was anastomosed to the ipsilateral external carotid artery at its origin, as a pedicle graft. A superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis was then performed. RESULTS: The postoperative courses were uneventful. The transverse cervical artery bypass grafts were patent, and cerebral blood flow increased to normal levels. CONCLUSION: Transverse cervical artery grafting provides a less tedious alternative to saphenous vein interposition grafting for revascularization of the internal carotid artery domain.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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9/298. Failure of a saphenous vein extracranial-intracranial bypass graft to protect against bilateral middle cerebral artery ischemia after carotid artery occlusion: case report.

    OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We present the case of a patient who experienced bilateral middle cerebral artery infarctions after Hunterian ligation and trapping of a ruptured right cavernous aneurysm, despite a high-flow extracranial-intracranial bypass. This is a rare complication, and it highlights the need for further refinements in our understanding of the hemodynamic insufficiency created by major vessel sacrifice. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The patient was a 59-year-old woman who experienced multiple episodes of massive epistaxis before undergoing angiography, which revealed left internal carotid artery occlusion and an irregular right cavernous aneurysm. The patient was then transferred to our center for treatment. The patient was neurologically intact at presentation, and her epistaxis was controlled by nasal packing. INTERVENTION: The patient underwent an extracranial-intracranial bypass from the external carotid artery to the M2 segment of the right middle cerebral artery, followed by trapping of the aneurysm. Despite evidence of graft patency, the patient experienced bilateral middle cerebral artery distribution infarctions after surgery. CONCLUSION: Although extracranial-intracranial bypasses protect the majority of patients who undergo carotid artery ligation from ischemic complications, this case demonstrates that hemodynamic insufficiency can occur even with a high-flow saphenous vein graft. Better ways to quantitate the hemodynamic needs of the brain after major vessel sacrifice may facilitate matching of the revascularization strategy to the specific needs of each patient, thus further reducing the likelihood of ischemic complications.
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ranking = 5
keywords = vein
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10/298. Sequential retroperitoneal venous hemorrhage and embolism of an angio-seal puncture closure device complicating iliac artery angioplasty.

    PURPOSE: To present a case of iatrogenic puncture closure device embolization complicating surgery for retroperitoneal hemorrhage (RPH) secondary to angioplasty-induced common iliac vein trauma. methods AND RESULTS: A 78-year-old woman with rest pain underwent successful kissing balloon dilation of her aortoiliac bifurcation for a calcified ostial stenosis of the left common iliac artery. Hemostatic puncture closure devices (Angio-Seal) were used to secure both femoral punctures. A right-sided retroperitoneal hematoma developed, and during surgical exploration of the right groin, the Angio-Seal device was removed. The only bleeding site found was the external iliac artery puncture and it was repaired. She again became hypovolemic 18 hours later and was returned to surgery, where bilateral groin explorations and laparotomy by the vascular surgical team found a tear in the left common iliac vein. After repair, the patient was stable for 48 hours when the left leg became critically ischemic. angiography detected a new high-grade stenosis in the left profunda femoris artery; embolectomy retrieved a footplate from the left puncture closure device. The patient died 11 days later from multiorgan failure. CONCLUSIONS: RPH should be considered early as an occult cause of hypovolemic shock developing soon after even technically straightforward iliac angioplasty. Interventionists should be aware that using the Angio-Seal device risks acute limb ischemia if footplate embolization occurs.
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ranking = 2
keywords = vein
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