Cases reported "Arthritis, Infectious"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/30. arthritis due to mycobacterium fortuitum.

    mycobacterium fortuitum is classified as a rapidly growing mycobacterium (RGM) according to the Runyon classification. RGM are increasingly being recognized as human pathogens. Joint infection due to M. fortuitum is a rare, but serious disease. This report describes a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and septic arthritis of the knee due to M. fortuitum in a previously normal joint with no history of surgery or intra-articular injections.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = mycobacterium
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/30. Septic arthritis due to actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

    actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, a gram-negative aerobic bacillus of the family Parvobacteriaceae which is a normal inhabitant of the oral flora, is a rare cause of human infection. We report a case of septic arthritis caused by this organism in an uncompromised child.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.30734461192868
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/30. Successful treatment of mycobacterium avium osteomyelitis and arthritis in a non-immunocompromised child.

    In non-immunocompromised children, infections with mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) are rare, except for cervical lymphadenitis. We report here a 34-month-old boy who developed osteomyelitis and septic arthritis due to MAC. No findings could be revealed for immunodeficiency. He was treated successfully for 12 months with combined therapy consisting of clarithromycin, rifabutin and protionamid.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = mycobacterium
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/30. Septic arthritis of the hip secondary to rat bite fever: a case report.

    Rat bite fever is a rare infection typically caused by streptobacillus moniliformis. The mode of transmission is most commonly through a bite or scratch from an infected rat. This disease is characterized by polyarthritis, fever, and a delayed onset erythematous maculopapular rash of the extremities. The authors report a case of rat bite fever, which led to septic arthritis of the hip. To the authors' knowledge, the complication of hip sepsis requiring an arthrotomy has not been reported in the literature. The orthopaedist should be aware of not only streptobacillus moniliformis, but also of other zoonotic organisms, which potentially can cause septic arthritis and warrant treatment with specific antibiotics.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.10244820397623
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/30. Chronic destructive oligoarthritis associated with propionibacterium acnes in a female patient with acne vulgaris: septic-reactive arthritis?

    propionibacterium acnes is an anaerobic bacillus implicated in certain chronic arthritides. This report describes an HLA-B27 17-year-old woman with acne vulgaris who presented with rapidly destructive arthritis in the left shoulder as well as an evolving left subclavicular adenopathy. One year later, arthritis was detected in the left knee; the inflammatory synovial fluid was sterile. growth of P acnes was observed in cultures of the shoulder synovium and lymph nodes, but polymerase chain reaction was negative for borrelia, chlamydia, and ureaplasma dna. Three months of treatment with amoxicillin and rifampicin led to clinical disappearance of the oligoarthritis, but arthritis recurred in the left knee after discontinuation of therapy. On biopsy, bacteria were undetectable in the knee synovium, but chronic arthritis was evident histologically. Antibiotics were reintroduced for 12 months and were again effective against the clinical symptoms. Although the asymmetry, histologic features, arthritis-acne association, and genetic predisposition of this chronic destructive oligoarthritis would seem to indicate a reactive arthropathy, the isolation of P acnes from 2 distinct specimens prompted us to propose calling this a case of septic-reactive arthritis, which is further supported by the absence of progression after antibiotic therapy and the persistence of the rheumatism. To our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of the efficacy of prolonged antibiotic therapy on the joint manifestations of chronic rheumatism associated with acne.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.051224101988114
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/30. A rare and serious consequence of a rat bite.

    Contact with rat saliva or faeces can lead to infection with streptobacillus moniliformis and the condition known as 'rat bite fever'. We report a case of septic arthritis of the hip due to this organism following a bite on the finger of a 14-year-old boy from a rat for sale in a pet shop. The case was successfully treated by arthrotomy, drainage and joint lavage followed by administration of penicillin. Septic arthritis of the hip due to S. moniliformis has not been previously described and this case highlights a possible danger of keeping rats as pets.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.051224101988114
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/30. endocarditis by lactobacillus rhamnosus due to yogurt ingestion?

    A young man who ate large quantities of probiotic yogurt developed endocarditis and septic arthritis caused by lactobacillus rhamnosus. The pathogenic isolate could not be distinguished from the yogurt microflora using methods routinely used in the clinical microbiology laboratory. Only by using more appropriate methodology, including PCR, the pathogen could be distinguished from the yogurt isolate.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25612050994057
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/30. A fatal case of vibrio vulnificus presenting as septic arthritis.

    vibrio vulnificus is an invasive gram-negative bacillus that may cause necrotizing cellulitis, bacteremia, and/or sepsis. Although V vulnificus infection is uncommon, it is frequently fatal and is usually attributed to ingestion of raw shellfish or traumatic exposure to a marine environment; patients are also often found to have a hepatic disorder (cirrhosis, alcohol abuse, or hemochromatosis) or an immunocompromised health status, and most commonly present with septicemia or a wound infection. We describe a patient who presented with septic arthritis as the first clinical manifestation of a V vulnificus infection. The organism was subsequently identified in a synovial fluid aspirate.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.051224101988114
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/30. Whipple arthritis: diagnosis by molecular analysis of synovial fluid--current status of diagnosis and therapy.

    Whipple's disease (WD) is an uncommon polysystem infectious disease. In the present report, we describe a patient who presented with a chronic illness consistent with WD and an avascular necrosis of the right hip joint. WD and its proposed causative bacillus, tropheryma whippelii, was identified by molecular analysis (polymerase chain reaction) in bacterial dna extracted from the synovial fluid. The diagnosis was additionally confirmed by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and a small bowel biopsy with macrophages positive for periodic acid-Schiff reagent demonstrated by light and electron microscopy. This demonstrates that WD can be diagnosed without tissue biopsy. False diagnosis of the polymorphous signs and symptoms of WD can lead to invalidism and even death, whereas correct therapy leads to a cure in most cases. Thus, the current status of diagnosis and therapy is of key importance in the treatment of WD.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.051224101988114
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/30. Aeromonas hydrophilia infections after penetrating foot trauma.

    The bacterium aeromonas hydrophila is an anaerobic gram-negative bacillus commonly found in natural bodies of water and can cause infection in patients who suffer water-associated trauma or in immunocompromised hosts. The authors present 5 cases of penetrating wound trauma that did not involve any aquatic environment and developed rapidly forming infections. All patients presented with severe pain, cellulitis, ascending lymphangitis, fever, and pain on range of motion of the joint near the traumatic site. Presentation of clinical symptoms mimicked that of a septic joint or of severe streptococcal infection. All patients required surgical incision and drainage, intravenous and oral antibiotics using levofloxacin or bactrim, and local wound care. Results from cultures taken intraoperatively showed only A hydrophilia in every case. Resolution of symptoms occurred rapidly after surgery, and clinical resolution was seen within 72 hours. Each patient healed uneventfully and returned to preinjury status.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.051224101988114
keywords = bacillus
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Arthritis, Infectious'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.