Cases reported "Ascites"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/107. dermatomyositis and peritoneal papillary serous carcinoma.

    We describe an unusual case of peritoneal papillary serous carcinoma (PPSC) arising in a female patient with dermatomyositis (DM). Despite periodic extensive searches for an underlying malignancy, no malignancy had been detected in this patient during the first 2.5 years after the diagnosis of DM. It was only when the patient presented with pleural effusion and ascites that the underlying intra-abdominal malignancy was detected by laparoscopy. Treatment with four cycles of pre-operative chemotherapy (taxol and cisplatin) resulted in tumor regression with amelioration in the muscular manifestation of the DM, but without parallelic amelioration in the skin manifestations of the DM. Explorative laparotomy confirmed the presence of papillary serous carcinoma in the omentum, surface of the left ovary and the retroperitoneal lymph nodes, and established the diagnosis of PPSC. Following two cycles of postoperative chemotherapy, the patient is alive with no evidence of internal malignancy. However, although muscle strength and enzymes have remained normal, no effect on the skin manifestation of DM has been observed. This case illustrates that, alongside the more frequently occurring ovarian carcinoma, PPSC should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of the underlying malignancy that may occur in the female patient with DM.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/107. An unusual cause of haemorrhagic ascites following blunt abdominal trauma.

    Slow intraperitoneal haemorrhage following blunt abdominal trauma may present as haemorrhagic ascites. Such haemorrhage is usually due to rupture of spleen, liver or damage to small bowel mesenteric vasculature. We encountered a patient with bleeding from ruptured exogastric leiomyoblastoma. Two cases of traumatic rupture of gastric leiomyosarcomas have been reported previously. The operative treatment is usually delayed and the diagnosis established only at laparotomy. We suggest a high level of suspicion and early laparotomy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/107. Massive pleural effusion and ascites resulting from esophagectomy with extensive lymphadenectomy for cancer of the abdominal esophagus.

    chylothorax is an uncommon but well recognized complication of esophagectomy. We present the case of a 57 year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the abdominal esophagus who underwent subtotal esophagectomy by right thoracotomy. Post-operatively, the volume of pleural effusion from the right chest was increased (1600-2000 ml/day). The effusion was straw colored, not changing to milky after meals. The characteristics and composition of the pleural fluid were similar to those of chyle. We therefore treated this patient using methods for treatment of chylothorax, conservatively, by administration of OK-432 and minocycline/hydrochloride into the pleural cavity from the chest tube with success. We discuss the pathophysiology of this unusual condition and its treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/107. Renal fibrohistiocytic sarcoma. Three cases and a review of the literature.

    The purpose of this paper is to report three unpublished cases of so-called "renal malignant fibrous histiocytoma" which should be more appropriately called "renal fibrohistiocytic sarcoma", and to review and analyze the data concerning 41 cases collected from the literature and our three new cases, making a total of 44 cases. Our third case is very interesting; in addition to the fact that this condition is rare, this particular patient also had concomitant nonmalignant ascites and compression of the descending colon, both conditions being rarely associated with renal cancer. The average age of the patients was 58 years; in 66% of the cases the tumor involved the left kidney; 57% of the patients were males; the average tumor size was 12 cm; nephrectomy was performed in 93% of the cases; the average survival was 16 months. In none of the cases was a preoperative diagnosis correctly made. It is concluded that a triad of symptoms and signs (renal pain, weight loss, and large tumor size) as well as a triad of imaging characteristics (areas of low density on the CT scan, hypoechoic areas on ultrasound, and hypovascularity on angiography) may hold the promise of a preoperative diagnosis. It is suggested that the tumor arises from the system of Gerota's fascia-renal capsule.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/107. Use of Tc-99m DTPA galactosyl human serum albumin to predict postoperative residual liver function.

    PURPOSE: Residual liver uptake at 15 minutes (RLU15), a new index for predicting residual liver function after excision of hepatocellular carcinoma, was evaluated using dynamic liver images and SPECT by Tc-99m DTPA galactosyl human serum albumin. MATERIALS AND methods: In 13 cases of hepatectomy, RLU15 was compared with postoperative serum prothrombin levels, serum bilirubin levels, and ascites. RESULTS: RLU15 showed good correlation with both the prothrombin activity and the serum bilirubin, with correlation coefficients of r = 0.829 and r = -0.757. CONCLUSION: This new index appears useful for predicting residual liver function after hepatectomy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/107. ascites and weight loss in a child: due to congenital division of the right atrium.

    Congenital division of an atrial chamber is a very rare congenital malformation that more commonly affects the left atrium but which may, in rare circumstances, involve the right atrium. Such a divided right atrium may present with symptoms consistent with increased portal venous pressure. Reported is a case with unusual clinical presentation. The patient underwent resection of the dividing shelf with good postoperative results.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/107. Functional, life-threatening disorders and splenectomy following liver transplantation.

    splenectomy (SPL) in cirrhotic patients undergoing liver transplantation (LTx) may resolve specific problems related to the procedure itself, in case of functional and life-threatening clinical situations often occurring as a result of liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. METHOD: A single-center experience of ten splenectomies in a series of 180 consecutive adult liver transplant patients over a period of 6 yr is reported. The mean patient age was 46.8 /- 9.5 yr (range 25 57 yr). Indications for SPL were post-operative massive ascitic fluid loss (n = 3), severe thrombocytopenia (n = 3), acute intra-abdominal hemorrhage (n = 2), infarction of the spleen (n = 1), and multiple splenic artery aneurysms (n = 1). RESULTS: Extreme ascites production due to functional graft congestion disappeared post-SPL, with an improvement of the hepatic and renal functions. SPL was also effective in cases of thrombocytopenia persistence post-LTx, leading to an increase in the platelet count after about 1 wk. Bleeding episodes related to left-sided portal hypertension or trauma were also resolved. The rejection rate during hospitalization was 0%, and no other episodes were recorded in the course of the long-term follow-up. However, sepsis with a fatal outcome occurred in 4 patients, i.e. between 2 and 3 wk post-SPL in three cases and 1 yr after the procedure as a result of pneumococcal infection in the last case. Fatal traumatic cranial injury occurred 3 yr post-LTx in another case. Five patients (50%) are still alive and asymptomatic after a median follow-up period of 36 months. CONCLUSION: The lowering of the portal flow appears to resolve unexplained post-operative ascitic fluid loss as a result of functional graft congestion following LTx. However, because of the enhanced risk of SPL-related sepsis, a partial splenic embolization (PSE) or a spleno-renal shunt could be used as an alternative procedure because it allows us to preserve the immunological function of the spleen. SPL is indicated in case of post-transplant bleeding due to left-sided portal hypertension and trauma, spleen infarction, and to enable prevention of hemorrhage in liver transplant patients with multiple splenic artery aneurysms. Severe and persistent thrombocytopenia could be treated with PSE. Because the occurrence of fatal sepsis post-SPL is a major complication in LTx, functional disorders, such as ascites and thrombocytopenia, should be treated with a more conservative approach.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/107. Massive ascites secondary to severe endometriosis.

    Massive ascites is an unusual association with endometriosis. This case report is of such a condition in an Afro-Jamaican woman. The diagnosis was made at laparotomy and conservative treatment was adopted allowing for retention of reproductive function. Postoperative therapy was goserelin, a Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) agonist, for six months. This relieved all of her symptoms. However, long term follow-up is needed, as recurrence is possible.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/107. laparoscopy extends the indications for liver resection in patients with cirrhosis.

    BACKGROUND: Clinical or biological evidence of liver failure is usually considered a contraindication to open liver surgery as it is associated with a prohibitive risk of postoperative death. methods: This report describes three patients who had resection of a superficial hepatocellular carcinoma suspected either to be ruptured, or at high risk of rupture, using the laparoscopic approach. All three patients had intractable ascites, in two superimposed on active hepatitis. Surgery was per- formed under continuous carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum with intermittent clamping of the hepatic pedicle. RESULTS: Intraoperative blood loss was between 100 and 400 ml; no blood transfusion was required. The postoperative course was uneventful except for a transient leak of ascites through the trocar wounds. Duration of in-hospital stay was 6-10 days. liver function tests had returned to preoperative values within 1 month of surgery in all patients. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic approach may enable liver resection in patients with cirrhosis and evidence of liver failure that would contraindicate open surgery.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/107. Benign ovarian fibroma associated with free peritoneal fluid and elevated serum CA 125 levels.

    This paper reports the clinical case of a patient with ovarian neoplasia, ascites effusion, and elevated serum CA 125 levels (411 U/ml). This condition simulated a malignant pathology on the grounds of preoperative diagnostic examinations. Surgical investigation diagnosed an ovarian fibroma and ascites. ascites was resolved rapidly and the serum CA 125 levels decreased after surgical neoplasia removal. An ovarian neoplasia associated with ascites effusion and elevated serum CA 125 levels (also in the presence of suspect ecographic and tomographic features) do not necessarily imply a malignant neoplasia.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.5
keywords = operative
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Ascites'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.