Cases reported "Ascites"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/137. Cytology of ascitic fluid in a patient with granulocytic sarcoma (extramedullary myeloid tumor). A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is the rare extramedullary manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia that may precede or be concurrent with leukemic infiltration of bone marrow or herald blastic transformation of a chronic myeloproliferative disorder. It has been found in most body sites and shows no age or sex predilection, necessitating its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of undifferentiated neoplasms. CASE: A 36-year-old female presented with a three-year history of abdominal pain, jaundice and fluctuating abdominal girth. Cytology of the ascitic fluid revealed myeloid cells of eosinophilic lineage at all stages of differentiation, with many undifferentiated cells. Immunohistochemical studies on a cell block confirmed the diagnosis of granulocytic sarcoma, which excluded the differential diagnoses of Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Langerhans histiocytosis. CONCLUSION: Granulocytic sarcoma may present as a serous effusion and can be diagnosed on a cytologic specimen.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/137. dermatomyositis and peritoneal papillary serous carcinoma.

    We describe an unusual case of peritoneal papillary serous carcinoma (PPSC) arising in a female patient with dermatomyositis (DM). Despite periodic extensive searches for an underlying malignancy, no malignancy had been detected in this patient during the first 2.5 years after the diagnosis of DM. It was only when the patient presented with pleural effusion and ascites that the underlying intra-abdominal malignancy was detected by laparoscopy. Treatment with four cycles of pre-operative chemotherapy (taxol and cisplatin) resulted in tumor regression with amelioration in the muscular manifestation of the DM, but without parallelic amelioration in the skin manifestations of the DM. Explorative laparotomy confirmed the presence of papillary serous carcinoma in the omentum, surface of the left ovary and the retroperitoneal lymph nodes, and established the diagnosis of PPSC. Following two cycles of postoperative chemotherapy, the patient is alive with no evidence of internal malignancy. However, although muscle strength and enzymes have remained normal, no effect on the skin manifestation of DM has been observed. This case illustrates that, alongside the more frequently occurring ovarian carcinoma, PPSC should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of the underlying malignancy that may occur in the female patient with DM.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/137. Refractory hepatic hydrothorax treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt.

    A 66-year-old cirrhotic woman was referred to our hospital for evaluation of refractory pleural effusion and dyspnea. Massive right sided-pleural effusion but no ascites was detected. She had been treated with diuretics and albumin, repeated thoracenteses, and pleural drainage with an intercostal catheter, all of which had failed to relieve her symptoms. The diagnosis of hepatic hydrothorax without ascites was made by injection of technetium-99m-sulfur colloid into the peritoneal cavity. A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was placed and successfully reduced the pleural effusion, resulting in complete relief of her symptoms. The patient has been free of symptoms for 18 months after the procedure.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 3
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/137. Massive pleural effusion and ascites resulting from esophagectomy with extensive lymphadenectomy for cancer of the abdominal esophagus.

    chylothorax is an uncommon but well recognized complication of esophagectomy. We present the case of a 57 year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the abdominal esophagus who underwent subtotal esophagectomy by right thoracotomy. Post-operatively, the volume of pleural effusion from the right chest was increased (1600-2000 ml/day). The effusion was straw colored, not changing to milky after meals. The characteristics and composition of the pleural fluid were similar to those of chyle. We therefore treated this patient using methods for treatment of chylothorax, conservatively, by administration of OK-432 and minocycline/hydrochloride into the pleural cavity from the chest tube with success. We discuss the pathophysiology of this unusual condition and its treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/137. Severe nonimmune hydrops fetalis and congenital corneal opacification secondary to human parvovirus B19 infection. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: In parvovirus infections in animals, congenital anomalies are seen, but the teratogenic potential in humans seems fairly low. CASE: A fetus with hydrops, ascites and pleural effusion was seen at a prenatal ultrasound examination. Fetal cordocentesis was performed, and fetal blood was positive for parvovirus antibodies. Intravascular fetal blood transfusion was given at 21 and 23 weeks of gestation. At 39 weeks labor started spontaneously, and a 2,960-g, female infant was delivered. The newborn had bilateral opacification of the cornea. CONCLUSION: In this case a combination of fetal parvovirus B19 infection and congenital corneal opacification was seen. This case also demonstrates that blood transfusions in hydropic fetuses may reverse the hydrops and prevent intrauterine death.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/137. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma presenting as ascites: a case report and review of the literature.

    Here we report an unusual case of T-cell lymphoma presenting as ascites. A 49-yr-old woman was admitted to the hospital for abdominal discomfort associated with increasing abdominal girth over the course of 3 mo. She also complained of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. On physical examination, a tense and distended abdomen and edema of the lower extremities were noted. Neither hepatosplenomegaly nor lymphadenopathy was found. A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed a large abdominal/pelvic mass surrounding the small bowel and omentum and small nodes in the para-aortic and mesenteric regions. The cytospin prepared from the peritoneal fluid was hypercellular and composed of a population of monotonous, noncohesive cells with a high nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio and a single prominent central nucleolus. The cells were positive for leukocyte common antigen and Leu-22 (CD43) but negative for keratin, L26, UCHL-1, kappa, lambda, CD3, Ki-1 (CD30), S-100, and carcinoembryonic antigen. Morphologic and immunologic findings were suggestive of T-cell immunoblastic lymphoma. Peripheral T-cell lymphomas rarely present as ascites; this case demonstrates the value of effusion cytology in making this diagnosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/137. Treatment of chronic bilateral pleural effusions with intravenous immunoglobulin and cyclosporin.

    A 48 y old woman with unremarkable medical history was admitted with bilateral pleural effusions; even though the fluid was drained, it re-accumulated and necessitated many repeated drainages in the following 2.5 y (56 hospitalisations). The patient underwent an extensive diagnostic work-up that disclosed elevated serum antinuclear antibodies, serum anti-dsDNA antibodies, pleural fluid anti-dsDNA and decreased pleural fluid C3 and C4. During that period she has been treated with a variety of immunomodulating agents, several pleural talcage and pleurectomy, without any apparent response. Thereafter, she received six courses of IVIg (2 g/kg body weight) in monthly intervals, followed by four months treatment with cyclosporin. This treatment resulted in gradual and eventually complete disappearance of the pleural effusion, and now after more than 2 y the patient is free of symptoms and receives no further medications.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/137. Squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix simulating an advanced malignancy of the ovaries.

    A 40-year-old woman was diagnosed as having stage II squamous cell cervical carcinoma and managed with radiotherapy. Three months after treatment, she presented with features suggestive of an advanced ovarian tumour including gross abdominal swelling, bilateral ovarian tumours, multiple tumour seedlings in the abdominal cavity and ascites. There was also pleural effusion. Operative findings revealed widespread intra-abdominal metastases whose histology, contrary to expectations, showed squamous cell carcinoma of cervical origin. Distant metastases from squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix are rare. A high index of suspicion is necessary to detect this unusual mode of presentation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/137. Visceral larva migrans syndrome complicated by liver abscess.

    We describe a case of visceral larva migrans syndrome complicated by liver abscess, pericardial effusion and ascites. To our knowledge, these findings have not been reported previously. The structural and immunological alterations caused by visceral larva migrans are thought to lead to the development of visceral abscesses.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/137. ascites and pleural effusion secondary to extramedullary hematopoiesis.

    Extramedullary hematopoiesis in the pleura and peritoneum is rare. It is usually asymptomatic and generally is diagnosed on post mortem examination. Herein we describe a 33-year-old woman with long-standing myelofibrosis who presented with symptomatic ascites and pleural effusion. After complete evaluation, these were found to have been caused by extramedullary hematopoietic implants to the pleura and peritoneum. The pleural effusion responded to low-dose radiotherapy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = effusion
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Ascites'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.