Cases reported "Asphyxia"

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1/173. Accidental hanging with delayed death in a lift.

    While hanging is a common method of committing suicide in india, accidental hanging is uncommon. However, it does occur when people are engaged in auto-erotic practices. An adult male who was helping passengers trapped in the lift of an outpatient department at a teaching hospital was accidentally hanged. He survived for 39 days. This case highlights a rare but serious hazard in the use of lifts.
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2/173. Accidental asphyxia in bed in severely disabled children.

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there are specific situations which may increase the risk of accidental asphyxia during sleep in children with physical and mental disabilities. METHODOLOGY: review of all cases where death was attributed to accidental asphyxia caused by unsafe sleeping situations in children listed in the Department of Histopathology database over a 10-year period from March 1989 to February 1999. RESULTS: A total of 26 cases were found (M:F, 19:7; age range, 1-48 months; average age, 7.4 months). Of those cases, two involved children with significant mental and physical impairment. Case 1: A 4-year-old boy with klippel-trenaunay-weber syndrome, macrocephaly and severe developmental delay, was found dead with his head hanging over a wooden board attached to the side of his bed. Case 2: A 4-year-old boy with lissencephaly and severe developmental delay was found dead wedged between a retractable mesh cot side and the side of his bed. In both cases the devices resulting in death had been put in place to prevent the boys from falling out of bed. CONCLUSIONS: Accidental asphyxia in physically and mentally impaired children may be caused by devices that have been used to prevent injury from falling out of bed. Careful assessment of the specific developmental problems that children suffer should be undertaken before their beds are modified. It may be safer for these children either to have no barrier, or to have drop-sided cots/beds that meet recognized safety standards.
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keywords = death
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3/173. Asphyxial death during prone restraint revisited: a report of 21 cases.

    Determining the cause of death when a restrained person suddenly dies is a problem for death investigators. Twenty-one cases of death during prone restraint are reported as examples of the common elements and range of variation in these apparently asphyxial events. A reasonable diagnosis of restraint asphyxia can usually be made after ruling out other causes and collecting supportive participant and witness statements in a timely fashion. Common elements in this syndrome include prone restraint with pressure on the upper torso; handcuffing, leg restraint, or hogtying; acute psychosis and agitation, often stimulant drug induced; physical exertion and struggle; and obesity. Establishing a temporal association between the restraint and the sudden loss of consciousness/death is critical to making a correct determination of cause of death.
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ranking = 2.25
keywords = death
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4/173. A deadly anti-SIDS device.

    The diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has been an enigma to medical examiners and coroners for decades. The recent drastic decrease in the number of SIDS cases has been associated with infants sleeping supine instead of prone. The apparent relation between sleeping position and SIDS has led to the marketing of several positioning sleep aids. We report a case of the improper use of one such device which resulted in the death of an infant.
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5/173. Asphyxiation by laryngeal edema in patients with hereditary angioedema.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the occurrence of fatal laryngeal edema in patients with hereditary angioedema due to C1 esterase inhibitor deficiency. patients AND methods: We describe 6 patients from various regions of germany who died from laryngeal edema within the last 10 years. Furthermore, we conducted a retrospective survey of 58 patients with hereditary angioedema, originating from 46 affected families. The data were obtained from the attending physicians and from the patients' relatives. RESULTS: Among the 6 reported patients, aged 9 to 78 years, hereditary angioedema had been diagnosed in 3 and was undiagnosed in 3. None of them had an emergency cricothyrotomy or received C1 inhibitor concentrate. The interval between onset of the laryngeal edema and asphyxiation was 20 minutes in a 9-year-old boy, and in the other patients, the interval was 1 to 14 hours (mean for all, 7 hours). The retrospective survey of 58 patients with hereditary angioedema revealed 23 deaths by asphyxiation (40%). The average age of all 29 patients at the time of asphyxiation was 39 years. CONCLUSION: laryngeal edema in hereditary angioedema may be fatal. Most of the patients asphyxiated between their 20th and 50th years of life, but asphyxiation can occur even in children. The possibility that the first episode of laryngeal edema may be fatal must be emphasized to the relatives, and attending physicians must have a high degree of awareness.
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6/173. Petechiae of the baby's skin as differentiation symptom of infanticide versus SIDS.

    The successive killing of three siblings by their biological mother at two-year intervals is described. The children were 367 days, 75 days and 3 years old. Although sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or interstitial pneumonia could not be ruled out as the cause of death in the two younger children, who were killed first, the third child exhibited discrete signs of violence in the mouth and throat area which were interpreted as proof of infanticide. All three children had petechiae of the skin of the face and throat, the upper thorax, the shoulders and the mucous membranes of the mouth. None of the children exhibited signs of a disease-related hemorrhagic tendency. After the mother was convicted of murdering the three-year-old boy by smothering in combination with compression of the thorax, she confessed to having killed the other two children in a similar manner. In the absence of hemostatic disease, the presence of petechiae of the skin extending over the entire drainage area of the Vena cava superior can be regarded as evidence of an increase in pressure in the thoracic cavity secondary to obstruction of the airways with simultaneous chest compression.
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7/173. Autoerotic asphyxiation in a female.

    Autoerotic asphyxiation is an unusual but increasingly more frequently occurring phenomenon, with >1000 fatalities in the united states per year. Understanding of this manner of death is likewise increasing, as noted by the growing number of cases reported in the literature. However, this form of accidental death is much less frequently seen in females (male:female ratio >50:1), and there is correspondingly less literature on female victims of autoerotic asphyxiation. The authors present the case of a 31-year-old woman who died of an autoerotic ligature strangulation and review the current literature on the subject. The forensic examiner must be able to discern this syndrome from similar forms of accidental and suicidal death, and from homicidal hanging/strangulation.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = death
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8/173. Hanging-delayed death (a rare phenomenon).

    Hanging is one of the most common methods of suicide in india in which death of the individual occurs instantaneously. However, a few cases have been reported in literature in which death has occurred after a certain period of time or the patient has survived after prolonged resuscitative measures. A case of a 20-year-old female is described who survived for nine days after hanging, remaining unconscious throughout in the hospital. She died due to cerebral damage caused by cerebral anoxia.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = death
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9/173. Restraint-related fatalities in mental health facilities: report of two cases.

    Mental health facilities are occasionally confronted with patients who display destructive or disruptive behaviors requiring physical restraint. Under these circumstances, restraint can be associated with death. This case report describes two fatalities associated with physical restraint applied by staff members at mental health facilities.
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keywords = death
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10/173. Two cases of accidental asphyxia by neck compression between bed bars.

    Two cases of asphyxia due to compression of the neck between the side bars of a bed in elderly subjects affected by neuropsychiatric pathologies are presented. In both cases no lesions were found on the skin or in the anatomic structures of the neck. The absence of lesions made determining the cause of death difficult. Generic evidence of asphyxia (acute pulmonary emphysema and petechiae) allowed a diagnosis to be formulated. The discovery of the object that caused the death was possible only with information regarding the circumstances and inspection of the scenes of the deaths.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = death
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