Cases reported "Asphyxia"

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1/5. A resuscitated case from asphyxia by large bronchial cast.

    A 62-year-old woman with bronchiectasis suffered from asphyxia due to a large bronchial cast that obstructed the bronchial tree. Immediate bronchoscopic suction of a bronchial cast of 17 cm in length through the intubated tube relieved the patients without any complications. Large bronchial casts appear to be rare in this century but it should be considered in patients with acute exacerbation of excessive sputa not only in patients with asthma or allergy but also in patients with respiratory tract infection.
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2/5. survival after asphyxia secondary to gravel aspiration.

    A case of extreme asphyxia and acidemia secondary to mechanical obstruction of the tracheobronchial tree with sand and gravel is described. The roentgenographic appearance, clinical course, and management are emphasized. survival with no neurologic sequelae after such profound physiologic disturbance has not, to our knowledge, previously been described.
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3/5. Postmortem non-invasive virtual autopsy: death by hanging in a car.

    A body was found behind a car with a noose tied around its neck, the other end of the rope tied to a tree. Apparently the man committed suicide by driving away with the noose tied around his neck and was dragged out of the car through the open hatchback. postmortem multislice-computed tomography (MSCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated that the cause of death was cerebral hypoxia due to classic strangulation by hanging, and not due to a brainstem lesion because of a hang-man fracture as would be expected in such a dynamic situation. Furthermore, the MRI displayed intramuscular haemorrhage, bleeding into the clavicular insertions of the sternocleidomastoid muscles and subcutaneous neck tissue. We conclude that MSCT and MRI are useful instruments with an increased value compared with 2D radiographs to augment the external findings of bodies when an autopsy is refused. But further postmortem research and comparing validation is needed.
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4/5. Homicidal asphyxia by pepper aspiration.

    As punishment for lying, the foster mother of a five-year-old white male poured pepper into his throat. He immediately became dyspneic, then apneic, and was pronounced dead about 1 h later. At autopsy, the main stem and several smaller bronchi were occluded with pepper. Mechanisms of asphyxia by pepper include mechanical obstruction of the tracheobronchial tree and mucosal edema caused by the irritant effect of volatile oils in pepper. This rare circumstance represents the second reported fatal case of pepper aspiration and the third reported case overall.
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5/5. Recreational abdominal suspension: a fatal practice. A case report.

    A 12-year-old girl fatally suspended herself accidentally from a tree branch with a circumferential webbing tape tied round the midtrunk area. This occurred as part of a recreational practice whereby the body, tied in this fashion, could be made to swing in a pendulumlike horizontal plane. She was found dead in this position, hanging transversely one foot above the ground. A complete autopsy showed a tram-line circumferential parchmented bruise of the midtrunk area and bruising of the intercostal muscles and diaphragm with occasional petechiae. The mechanism through which death resulted in this case is believed to have involved a progressive tightening and compression of the primary respiratory muscles, resulting in eventual failure of the respiratory effort.
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