Cases reported "Autoimmune Diseases"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/49. Pigmented purpura-like eruption as cutaneous sign of mycosis fungoides with autoimmune purpura.

    We describe the clinical and laboratory findings of a young man with mycosis fungoides. The disease was associated, since the early stages, with autoimmune purpura. Interferon alfa (IFN-alpha) administration improved this patient's condition, both the purpuric eruption and patchy cutaneous lesions, thus suggesting T-cell abnormalities may be responsible for the development of the disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/49. Oestrogen dermatitis.

    A 56-year-old woman presented with a recurrent itchy eruption mainly involving her face and upper trunk for 5 years. The rash flared cyclically 3 days before her menstruation and improved 5-10 days after the onset of her period. Examination revealed erythematous maculopapules, vesicles and crusting mainly on her face and upper trunk. biopsy from a papule revealed spongiotic dermatitis. Intradermal testing with oestrogen was positive. There was marked improvement with tamoxifen. Sensitivity to oestrogen and progesterone is rare in women and the clinical presentation may be similar. Positive intradermal testing is diagnostic. tamoxifen is effective in treating oestrogen sensitivity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/49. A subepidermal bullous eruption associated with IgG autoantibodies to a 200 kd dermal antigen: the first case report from the united states.

    We describe an 81-year-old white man in whom a subepidermal bullous eruption developed that clinically resembled bullous pemphigoid. The eruption promptly responded to oral tetracycline and niacinamide and topical clobetasol. Histologic examination of perilesional skin revealed neutrophilic infiltration with formation of papillary microabscesses and subepidermal cleavage. Direct immunofluorescence showed linear deposition of IgG and C3 along the basement membrane zone. By indirect immunofluorescence, circulating IgG autoantibodies bound exclusively to the dermal side of salt-split normal human skin. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated that the patient's autoantibodies reacted with a 200 kd dermal protein that was different from type VII collagen, the epidermolysis bullosa acquisita autoantigen. This patient represents the first confirmed case from the united states with a recently reported novel autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease associated with IgG autoantibodies to a 200 kd dermal antigen.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.2
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/49. Autoimmune progesterone urticaria.

    Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis is a rare cutaneous disorder characterized by recurrent and cyclic skin eruption with variable morphology, occurring during the luteal phase. A case of autoimmune progesterone urticaria in a 47-year-old woman is reported. An intradermal progestin test revealed a strong reactivity against this hormone. Treatment with tamoxifen and leuprolide acetate induced only a partial remission of urticaria. Bilateral oophorectomy was performed with absolute clearing of cutaneous lesions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/49. Amicrobial pustulosis associated with autoimmune diseases: healing with zinc supplementation.

    Amicrobial pustulosis associated with autoimmune diseases is an eruption involving the cutaneous flexures and scalp. We report two young women with this disease, in whom pustulosis healed with zinc supplementation. We suggest that it may be relevant to measure plasma zinc level in patients with such a disease.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/49. linear iga bullous dermatosis in a patient with renal cell carcinoma.

    linear iga bullous dermatosis (LABD) is an autoimmune subepidermal bullous disease with heterogeneous clinical manifestations, characterized by linear deposition of IgA along the epidermal basement membrane zone. We report a patient with a metastasized renal cell carcinoma who developed an extensive blistering eruption. The lesions showed immunopathological findings characteristic of LABD. The patient showed a fair response to prednisolone and dapsone. Treatment to control the LABD was no longer required when interferon-alfa was started as palliative therapy for the metastasized renal cell carcinoma. The association of LABD and malignancies has been documented before and is not due to mere chance alone.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/49. Sensorineural hearing loss in linear IgA disease.

    A 23-year-old female with progressive sensorineural hearing loss developed widespread blistering eruptions while under evaluation for the hearing loss. The lesions showed findings characteristic of linear IgA disease (LAD) on histochemical studies. Linear IgA disease is a dapsone responsive autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease characterised by linear IgA deposits in the basement membrane zone. The complete spectrum of this systemic disease is still not clear and this is the first report of association between LAD and sensorineural deafness.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/49. Amicrobial pustular dermatosis in two patients with immunological abnormalities.

    We report two patients with severe amicrobial pustular dermatosis with immunological abnormalities: a 63-year-old woman with a 30-year-history of discoid lupus erythematosus and sicca syndrome, and a 35-year-old woman with high levels of gamma-globulinemia and positive antinuclear antibodies. Both patients presented with crusty and eroded erythematous plaques studded with aseptic pustules on the back, face, and scalp. Histological examination showed acanthosis, neutrophilic exocytosis to the epidermis, and neutrophilic and lymphocytic infiltration with nuclear dust in the dermis. These patients were diagnosed as having "amicrobial pustulosis associated with autoimmune diseases". The eruptions improved with combination treatment of oral prednisolone with cyclosporin A or diaminodiphenylsulphone. Although the pathogenesis remains unclear, amicrobial pustular dermatosis might be one of the cutaneous complications in autoimmune diseases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.2
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/49. Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis.

    Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis (APD) is an uncommon cutaneous disorder characterized by exacerbations during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. We describe a 27-year-old woman with a recurrent skin eruption for 3 years. She had no history of exposure to synthetic progesterones. At each menses, the patient developed scaly, erythematous maculopapular lesions over the face. Intradermal skin test reaction to progesterone was positive. progesterone sensitivity was also demonstrated by challenge test with intramuscular progesterone acetate. These features were consistent with the diagnosis of APD. Our patient was treated successfully with conjugated estrogen for 6 months. At one year follow-up, the patient had had no recurrence of facial eruption.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.4
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/49. psoriasis bullosa acquisita.

    We report a 51-year-old man with a 20-year history of chronic plaque psoriasis who developed an autoimmune subepidermal blistering eruption that had clinical features of bullous pemphigoid, erythema multiforme and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita. Investigations revealed a 1 : 400 titre circulating and in vivo bound IgG autoantibody that mapped to the dermal side of 1 m NaCl-split skin and localized to the lower lamina lucida/upper lamina densa on immunogold electron microscopy. immunoblotting, using dermal extracts, showed serum binding to antigens of approximately 200- and approximately 260 kDa. Indirect immunofluorescence microscopy, using the patient's serum on archival skin sections taken from selected individuals with different forms of inherited epidermolysis bullosa as substrate, showed normal basement membrane labelling on all samples apart from recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa skin (with inherent mutations in the type VII collagen gene): in these cases there was a complete absence of immunostaining. Clinically, the patient responded rapidly to combination treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin and oral corticosteroids, dapsone and mycophenolate mofetil. Autoimmune subepidermal blistering has been reported in other patients with psoriasis, although no specific target antigen has ever been determined. Our study provides preliminary evidence that, for this patient at least, the autoantibody may be targeted against a skin component closely associated with type VII collagen (the epidermolysis bullosa acquisita antigen). Therefore, we propose the term 'psoriasis bullosa acquisita' for this and possibly other patients with similar skin eruptions.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.4
keywords = eruption
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Autoimmune Diseases'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.