Cases reported "Bacteremia"

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21/146. Group F streptococcal bacteremia complicating a Bartholin's abscess.

    BACKGROUND: Group F streptococci are gram-positive cocci typically isolated from wound infections and abscesses. bacteremia with group F streptococcus is uncommon, and the lower gynecologic tract has not been reported as a source. We report a case of a Bartholin's abscess leading to group F streptococcal bacteremia. CASE: A 31-year-old female noted fever and rigors 30 min after manipulation of a 3-day-old vulvar abscess. An empty Bartholin's gland abscess was found on examination, and blood cultures grew beta-hemolytic group F streptococci. The patient was treated with ampicillin/sulbactam, symptoms improved, and follow-up blood cultures revealed no growth. CONCLUSION: Group F streptococci are known to inhabit various body sites and have a predilection for forming abscesses; however, bacteremia is infrequent. They have occasionally been identified in true infections of the genitourinary tract but only very rarely in Bartholin's abscesses. This case of group F streptococcal bacteremia following self-drainage of a Bartholin's abscess constitutes the first such description in the medical literature.
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22/146. bacteremia by Dermabacter hominis, a rare pathogen.

    Dermabacter hominis is a gram-positive, catalase-positive, glucose-fermenting rod, which, as it grows forms small greyish-white colonies with a characteristic pungent odor. Previously known as coryneform Centers for disease Control and Prevention groups 3 and 5, it was catalogued as D. hominis in 1994. Various strains isolated in blood cultures, abscesses, or wounds in the 1970s were retrospectively characterized in referral centers as D. hominis. In this report we describe two patients with severe underlying pathology who developed bacteremias by D. hominis within the context of their clinical pictures.
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23/146. Hematogenous pyogenic facet joint infection of the subaxial cervical spine. A report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Two cases of hematogenous, pyogenic, subaxial cervical facet joint infection are reported, and the literature is reviewed. Infection of the cervical facet joint is a rarely diagnosed condition; only one case has been reported in the literature. Lumbar facet joint infections are also rare but more commonly reported. Approximately one fourth of facet joint infections in the lumbar spine are complicated by epidural abscess formation, which can lead to a neurological deficit. Because of the paucity of reports on cervical facet joint infections, the clinical characteristics of this entity are not well known. Both patients presented with an acute onset of unilateral neck pain that radiated into the ipsilateral shoulder. Frank radicular pain was initially absent. Unilateral upper-extremity motor weakness that was attributed to associated epidural abscess or granulation tissue formation was also demonstrated in both patients. leukocyte count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were elevated in both cases. magnetic resonance imaging was necessary to obtain an accurate diagnosis. staphylococcus aureus was identified as the offending pathogen in both cases. Decompressive surgery and antibiotic therapy were required to cure the condition. One patient recovered completely and the other sustained a permanent motor deficit. Hematogenous cervical facet joint infection is a rare clinical entity that has many characteristics in common with the more-common lumbar homolog. All three reported cases, however, have been complicated by epidural abscess or granulation tissue formation that has led to a neurological deficit. This finding suggests that a facet joint infection in the cervical spine may have a less benign clinical course than that in the lumbar spine.
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24/146. Fatal sepsis associated with acute pancreatitis caused by moraxella catarrhalis in a child.

    We describe a 4-year-old boy with Cornelia de lange syndrome who died of septic shock caused by moraxella catarrhalis bacteremia. At autopsy there was evidence of acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis with abscesses. Gram-negative diplococci were seen histologically in the abscesses and pancreatic ducts.
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25/146. plesiomonas shigelloides sepsis and splenic abscess in an adolescent with sickle-cell disease.

    plesiomonas shigelloides is a rare cause of self-limiting gastroenteritis. We report a case of extraintestinal P. shigelloides infection in an adolescent with sickle-cell disease who presented with bacteremia complicated by a splenic abscess. Despite the high mortality rate reported in extraintestinal P. shigelloides infection, the patient survived after drainage of the abscess and treatment with antibiotics.
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26/146. Three cases of Rothia dentocariosa bacteraemia: frequency in denmark and a review.

    Three cases of non-endocarditis-associated Rothia dentocariosa bacteraermia occurred in Viborg County within the space of a year, whereas no cases have been registered in other parts of denmark during the last 10 y. Two patients wore dentures but had no history of oral infection, while in the last patient a tooth abscess was detected on examination. R. dentocariosa is a common inhabitant of the oral cavity and the causative agent of a wide spectrum of infectious symptoms. It is only rarely identified in blood cultures, possibly due the inadequacy of the available identification methods.
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27/146. Successful medical management of multifocal psoas abscess following cesarean section: report of a case and review of the literature.

    The psoas abscess is a rare complication in obstetric and gynaecology. Two types of psoas abscess are recognized. The primary psoas abscess is generally following haematogenous dissemination of an infectious agent and the source is usually occult. The most frequently isolated pathogen is staphylococcus aureus. On the other hand, the secondary abscess is the result of local extension of an infectious process near the psoas muscle. We report the case of a patient who develops a bacteremia from an infected cesarean section wound. The complications were thigh and psoas abscesses with left sacroiliitis. Medical management with prolonged antibiotherapy permit clinical, biological and radiological improvement. Although it required a long hospital stay, medical treatment alone was effective. More experience is required to determine which therapeutic option: medical treatment and/or surgery, is the best choice for this type of complication.
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28/146. vibrio vulnificus septicemia and leg ulcer.

    vibrio vulnificus is a gram-negative bacteria that can cause septicemia, wound infection, or a self-limiting diarrhea. This infection typically presents as an extremely virulent infection in patients with underlying liver disease 1 to 2 days after exposure. We report a case of V vulnificus septicemia, cellulitis, and leg ulceration in a patient who had symptoms develop after exposure to brackish water (19 days before admission) or after ingestion of raw oysters (10 days before admission). The longest incubation period previously reported is 6 days. The diagnosis was made from identification of the bacteria from blood cultures. No organisms were seen or grown in culture from the skin biopsy specimen, which showed epidermal necrosis and dermal and subcutaneous neutrophilic abscess. We review 13 cases of V vulnificus septicemia and leg ulcers and their approximate incubation time.
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keywords = abscess
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29/146. chromobacterium violaceum septicemia.

    chromobacterium violaceum is an extremely rare human pathogen. We report a rare case of septicemia with multiple abscesses and otitis media in a newborn caused by chromobacterium violaceum.
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30/146. Recurrent staphylococcal bacteraemia and subhepatic abscess associated with gallstones spilled during laparoscopic cholecystectomy two years earlier.

    This is the first report of staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia and subhepatic abscess in association with intraperitoneal gallstones spilled during laparoscopic cholecystectomy two years earlier. Spilled gallstones can lead to abscess formation in the late postoperative period by acting as foreign bodies that can become infected during bacteraemia and then become a source of recurrent bacteraemia.
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