Cases reported "Bacteremia"

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1/23. fatal outcome of erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae bacteremia in a patient with oropharyngeal cancer.

    bacteremia due to erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is rare; the most common presentation reported in the literature is endocarditis. We report a 32-year-old man with oropharyngeal cancer who developed aspiration pneumonia and E. rhusiopathiae bacteremia, and presented with fever, chills, dyspnea, and productive cough with purulent sputum. Despite treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanate and nutritional support for 9 days, he died of respiratory failure. He had no clinical evidence of endocarditis. He had no history of animal or occupational exposure, and might have been colonized with E. rhusiopathiae in the oral cavity, followed by aspiration pneumonia and bacteremia. A fatal outcome in a patient with bacteremia due to E. rhusiopathiae without endocarditis is rare.
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2/23. helicobacter cinaedi septic arthritis and bacteremia in an immunocompetent patient.

    We report on the first case of documented helicobacter cinaedi septic arthritis in an immunocompetent heterosexual young man. The patient presented no identified risk factor except for contact with animals that have been incriminated as a possible source of infection, particularly for these patients. Despite prolonged bacteremia, the response to long-term therapy with ciprofloxacin and rifampin was excellent.
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3/23. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) associated with staphylococcus spp. bacteremia, responsive to potassium arsenite 0.5% in a veterinary surgeon and his coworking wife, handling with CFS animal cases.

    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in human patients remain a controversial and perplexing condition with emerging zoonotic aspects. Recent advances in human medicine seem to indicate a bacterial etiology and the condition has already been described in horses, dogs, cats and birds of prey in association with micrococci-like organisms in the blood. To evaluate the possibility of a chronic bacteremia, a veterinary surgeon (the author) and his coworking wife, both diagnosed with CFS and meeting the CDC working case definition, were submitted to rapid blood cultures and fresh blood smears investigations. blood cultures proved Staph-positive and micrococci-like organisms in the blood were repeatedly observed in the 3-year period preceding the arsenical therapy, during which several medicaments, including antibiotics, proved unsuccessful. Following treatment with a low dosage arsenical drug (potassium arsenite 0.5%, im., 1 ml/12 h, for 10 days) both patients experienced complete remission. At the post-treatment control made 1 month later, micrococci had disappeared from the blood, and the CD4/CD8 ratio was raising.
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keywords = animal
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4/23. Septicemia due to pasteurella pneumotropica: 16S rRNA sequencing for diagnosis confirmation.

    bacteremia due to pasteurella pneumotropica occurs infrequently. We report a case of septicemia in a 72-year-old woman who had no underlying illness. The microorganism was isolated from 10 blood cultures and identified by conventional and molecular methods. This is the first reported case of P. pneumotropica septicemia in an immunocompetent patient. The history of P. pneumotropica diseases in animals and humans and their varied clinical features are reviewed.
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5/23. brachyspira (Serpulina) pilosicoli spirochetemia in an immunocompromised patient.

    The case of an elderly immunocompromised man with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who presented with fever, abdominal pain and bloody diarrhea is described. brachyspira pilosicoli was isolated from culture. The patient was treated with penicillin g i.v. and became afebrile. B. pilosicoli is a recently recognized enteric pathogen of humans and animals. Intestinal spirochetosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of any immunocompromised or critically ill patient with dysentery.
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6/23. bordetella bronchiseptica pneumonia and bacteremia following bone marrow transplantation.

    bordetella bronchiseptica is a frequent cause of respiratory infections in animals but rarely causes disease in humans. We describe a patient with B. bronchiseptica pneumonia and bacteremia that developed following bone marrow transplantation. B. bronchiseptica infection persisted despite antimicrobial therapy and may have progressed because of the combined effects of the patient's underlying immunosuppression and the antimicrobial antagonism between doxycycline and ciprofloxacin.
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7/23. A case of intrauterine fetal death associated with maternal campylobacter coli bacteraemia.

    Campylobacter species are known to cause infectious abortion in domestic animals. In humans, Campylobacter are an important cause of enteritis, an occasional cause of systemic infection and have had a rare association with abortion and perinatal infection. A case history of spontaneous abortion, at 26 weeks' duration, associated with maternal bacteraemia, due to campylobacter coli is presented. Transmission, pathogenesis, treatment, and the need for further investigation are discussed.
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keywords = animal
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8/23. Fatal septicemia due to mycoplasma arginini: a new human zoonosis.

    A 64-year-old slaughterhouse worker with advanced non-Hodgkin's lymphoma developed septicemia and pneumonia. mycoplasma arginini, a wall-free prokaryote found in a variety of domestic animal hosts, was repeatedly isolated from blood and bronchial washings from the patient. immunosuppression, in part caused by hypogammaglobulinemia, probably played a key role in predisposing the patient to a fatal infection. This case suggests that animal mycoplasmas should be considered in the list of infectious agents acquired by immunosuppressed hosts.
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9/23. Polymicrobial bacteremia caused by escherichia coli, edwardsiella tarda, and shewanella putrefaciens.

    edwardsiella tarda, a member of enterobacteriaceae, is found in freshwater and marine environments and in animals living in these environments. This bacterium is primarily associated with gastrointestinal diseases, and has been isolated from stool specimens obtained from persons with or without clinical infectious diseases. shewanella putrefaciens, a saprophytic gram-negative rod, is rarely responsible for clinical syndromes in humans. Debilitated status and exposure to aquatic environments are the major predisposing factors for E. tarda or S. putrefaciens infection. A 61-year-old woman was febrile with diarrhea 8 hours after ingesting shark meat, and two sets of blood cultures grew escherichia coli, E. tarda and S. putrefaciens at the same time. She was successfully treated with antibiotics. We present this rare case of polymicrobial bacteremia caused by E. coli, E. tarda and S. putrefaciens without underlying disease, which is the first found in taiwan. This rare case of febrile diarrhea with consequent polymicrobial bacteremia emphasizes that attention should always be extended to these unusual pathogens.
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10/23. bacteremia due to rhodococcus equi--a case report.

    rhodococcus equi (R. equi) primarily causes zoonotic infections affecting grazing animals and is an unusual cause of infection in immunocompetent human beings. We report a case of bacteremia due to R. equi a rare isolate in a child suffering from protein energy malnutrition
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