Cases reported "Bacterial Infections"

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1/151. Crohn's disease presenting as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein (pylephlebitis): case report and review of the literature.

    Septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein, or pylephlebitis, is an extremely rare complication of intraabdominal infection, most commonly caused by diverticulitis (1). The following case report describes a patient without previous significant medical history presenting with painless jaundice and presumed malignancy. Workup revealed pylephlebitis due to an ileal abscess secondary to Crohn's disease. The patient was successfully treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and terminal small bowel and right colon resection. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Crohn's disease diagnosed after presentation with pylephlebitis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess
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2/151. Value of 111indium leukocyte scanning in febrile organ transplant patients.

    Immunosuppressed febrile organ transplant patients present a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma since symptomatology is often altered by immunosuppression, which also masks the location of infection. Fifty 111indium leukocyte ( 111In WBC) scans were performed to determine their usefulness in the organ transplant patient. The results were compared with computerized tomography (CT) and gallium 67-citrate (Ga) scanning. Eleven patients received both 111In WBC and Ga scans; 22 received both 111In WBC and CT scans. Ten 111In WBC scans had subtraction of 99m Tc sulfur or albumin colloid for liver evaluation and four 111In WBC scans had subtraction of 99m Tc DMSA for kidney evaluation. The overall sensitivity and specificity for 111In WBC scans was 90% and 90%, respectively. lung uptake was sensitive (89%) and specific (97%) for pulmonary infections, including bacterial, fungal and cytomegalovirus pneumonias. Renal graft uptake occurred in 15 cases (41%), all except 2 being due to rejection, pyelonephritis, urinary tract infections, or cytomegalovirus infections. pyelonephritis and renal abscesses were diagnosed in 3 cases with 99m Tc DMSA subtraction. Perihepatic abscesses (2), and infected liver cysts (4) were diagnosed with 99m Tc sulfur or albumin colloid subtraction. There were five false-negative CT scans and three false-negative Ga scans. Therefore, when compared with 111In: sensitivity = 88% vs 64% (CT), specificity = 80% vs 86% (CT); and sensitivity = 111In 90% vs 67% (Ga), specificity = 100% for both 111In WBC and Ga scans.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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ranking = 2
keywords = abscess
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3/151. Treatment of skin and soft tissue infections with cefadroxil, a new oral cephalosporin.

    Oral cefadroxil in doses of 0-6-1-8 g per day given on twice or three times daily schedules was effective in the treatment of thirty-six patients with infections such as abscesses, carbuncles, cellulitis, furunculosis and impetigo. staphylococcus aureus strains and beta-haemolytic streptococci, alone or in combination, were cultured from lesions before treatment. in vitro studies with test discs showed that all the organisms were sensitive to cefadroxil, but twenty-three of twenty-nine S aureus strains and one of the seven streptococci strains were resistant to penicillin g. Pre- and post-treatment laboratory tests of renal, hepatic and haematopoietic functions produced no evidence of drug toxicity. The cefadroxil dosage effective in this study is lower than that recommended for currently available oral cephalosporins, which must be given on a four times daily schedule.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess
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4/151. Vasculitic small bowel perforation masquerading as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in a patient with decompensated liver disease.

    We report on a young patient with decompensated alcohol-induced liver disease (child-Pugh score C) who presented with clinical, biochemical and radiological evidence suggestive of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. She was however subsequently found to have multiple small bowel perforations, which were diagnosed only at laparotomy. The histology of the bowel showed evidence of vasculitis. This case illustrates two important points. Firstly, even if a patient has all the prerequisites to develop spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, a secondary cause of peritonitis (eg. bowel perforation or intra-abdominal abscess) must always be considered as a differential diagnosis and a repeat ascitic tap is mandatory after 48 h of antibiotic therapy to confirm a decrease in the white cell count. Secondly, it shows the rare co-existence of alcoholic liver disease and vasculitis.
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ranking = 1.0195614561868
keywords = abscess, intra-abdominal
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5/151. Immediate tonsillectomy for peritonsillar abscess.

    OBJECTIVE: peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is one of the most common infectious diseases of the head and neck region requiring surgical intervention to relieve symptoms such as severe throat pain, fever, dysphagia, and trismus. However, the appropriate management of PTA is still controversial. In europe and the US, immediate tonsillectomy under general anesthesia has been accepted as the treatment for PTA. But in japan, immediate tonsillectomy has been regarded as contraindicated for PTA because of difficulties encountered in the operation during the acute stage, as well as possible postoperative complications. methods: A total of 103 cases of PTA treated at our clinic during the past 16 years were reviewed; immediate tonsillectomies had been performed in 99 of them. Surgical findings, postoperative course, and bacteriological examination were surveyed. RESULTS: The results showed that immediate tonsillectomy under general anesthesia was carried out safely without complications. Dramatic relief of the symptoms was obtained within a few days following each operation. A high incidence of anaerobes was observed by bacteriological examination, suggesting that sufficient drainage is required to treat this disease. CONCLUSION: We conclude that immediate tonsillectomy should be performed for peritonsillar abscess.
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ranking = 6
keywords = abscess
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6/151. Complementary role of dual isotope in non-bacteriuric renal infection--a case report.

    To detect non-bacteriuric renal infection in a diabetic patient, though difficult but is very important because early diagnosis and early treatment can prevent later complications such as renal abscess, renal hypertension or even end stage renal disease. Herein, we presented a case of diabetic patient with septicemia whose urine culture and renal ultrasonography were negative initially. By using a combination of dual isotope images and single photon emission computed tomography technique, an infectious lesion in the upper pole of left kidney was revealed, which was identified as acute focal bacterial nephritis by computed tomography four days later. This case report showed that 67Ga plus 99mTc dimercaptosuccinic acid images are useful in patients under clinical suspicion of renal infection, especially for those with negative urine analysis and/or urine culture initially.
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ranking = 1
keywords = abscess
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7/151. Use of epidural steroids after discectomy may predispose to infection.

    STUDY DESIGN: This is a report of three cases of epidural abscess occurring after use of intraoperative epidural methylprednisolone in 31 patients who had undergone lumbar microdiscectomy. The possible role of epidural steroids in the cause of these abscesses is discussed, and a review the literature concerning its value is provided. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate experiences with the efficacy and safety of perioperative methylprednisolone. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No previous study has described a high infection rate with the use of epidural methylprednisolone. The literature supporting epidural steroids is equivocal, and reports supporting their perioperative use are scant. methods: In an 8-month period, 31 patients received 1 mL (40 mg) epidural methylprednisolone at the conclusion of microdiscectomy. Therapy was discontinued after an increased postoperative deep infection rate was noted. Results in these patients were compared with those in more than 400 others who did not receive intraoperative steroids during a 7-year period. RESULTS: In the steroid group, three epidural abscesses were encountered. There were no deep infections in the nonsteroid group. CONCLUSION: The use of perioperative epidural methylprednisolone in the currently reported cases was associated with three incidences of infection. A prospective study is needed to examine its use.
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ranking = 3
keywords = abscess
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8/151. Infrarenal aortic rupture in association with a contiguous polymicrobial intraabdominal abscess including eikenella corrodens.

    aortic rupture in association with a contiguous intraabdominal abscess is rare. We report an unusual case of aortic rupture in association with a polymicrobial abscess and review the related literature. Cultures grew eikenella corrodens, a rare intraabdominal pathogen, as well as betahemolytic streptococcus and S. viridans. The patient was successfully managed by aortic ligation followed by an extraanatomic bypass.
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ranking = 6
keywords = abscess
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9/151. Solitary hepatic abscess with associated glomerulonephritis in a neonate.

    A full-term neonate with a history of umbilical venous catheterization followed by coagulase-negative staphylococcal sepsis is presented. The infant developed a solitary hepatic abscess with saprophytic organisms. Her liver abscess resulted in acute glomerulonephritis characterized by hypertension, proteinuria, oliguria, and azotemia. Surgical drainage and antibiotic treatment of the abscess was associated with resolution of the glomerulonephritis. glomerulonephritis due to solitary liver abscess in a neonate has not been reported previously. Acute onset of glomerulonephritis should prompt a search for occult sources of infection.
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ranking = 8
keywords = abscess
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10/151. brain stem abscess treated surgically. Wtih special note upon the employment of thorium dioxide.

    A 10-year-old girl, with congenital heart disease, harboring a brain stem abscess, was recently treated at the UCLA Hospital. Needle aspirations of the abscess was performed through a posterior occipital craniectomy, and thorium dioxide (Thorotrast) was placed within the abscess cavity as a marker. Postoperatively, the patient improved temporarily but died 18 days later. autopsy examination included radioactive analysis of brain and liver tissue. Radioautographs were superimposed on H&E preparations of the abscess wall to localize the extent of activity of the thorium dioxide. The unusual occurrence of this abscess in a young patient, clinically diagnosed and treated by operation, provided a rare opportunity to assess the problem of the surgical accessibility of brain stem abscess as well as to reevaluate a role for thorium dioxide as a marker for intracranial purulent collections.
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ranking = 10
keywords = abscess
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