Cases reported "bacterial infections"

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1/1371. Late complications of Silastic duraplasty: low-virulence infections. Case report.

    The authors describe three patients with expanding hemorrhagic mass lesions who presented 13 to 18 years after undergoing Silastic duraplasty. In all patients, results of bacteriological cultures of the masses obtained intraoperatively were positive, revealing low-virulence bacteria. Two of the patients were treated with antibiotic drugs and made a good recovery. The third did not receive antibiotic medications initially and later developed an epidural empyema that necessitated reoperation, but subsequently made a complete recovery. Vascularized neomembranes are generally agreed to be causes of the expanding masses, but the possibility that patients could be harboring chronic infections must be considered. Thus, on removal of duraplasty materials a complete bacteriological culture should be obtained, and if it is positive the proper antibiotic therapy should be administered. Furthermore, the creation of a registry of patients who have received implants is advocated to facilitate tracking of implanted material in case of complications. ( info)

2/1371. Crohn's disease presenting as septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein (pylephlebitis): case report and review of the literature.

    Septic thrombophlebitis of the portal vein, or pylephlebitis, is an extremely rare complication of intraabdominal infection, most commonly caused by diverticulitis (1). The following case report describes a patient without previous significant medical history presenting with painless jaundice and presumed malignancy. Workup revealed pylephlebitis due to an ileal abscess secondary to Crohn's disease. The patient was successfully treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and terminal small bowel and right colon resection. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Crohn's disease diagnosed after presentation with pylephlebitis. ( info)

3/1371. The CO 2 laser in omphalitis.

    Over a period of 18 months, from January 1988 to June 1989, 8 patients with chronic omphalitis were treated in a Multi-Specialty Military Clinic, using a CO 2 laser. A significant decrease in periumbilical pain, elimination of the disturbing chronic discharge, and vaporization of the reactive granulation tissue were achieved, suggesting this technique as an attractive option in the treatment of chronic recidivant omphalitis. ( info)

4/1371. Value of 111indium leukocyte scanning in febrile organ transplant patients.

    Immunosuppressed febrile organ transplant patients present a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma since symptomatology is often altered by immunosuppression, which also masks the location of infection. Fifty 111indium leukocyte ( 111In WBC) scans were performed to determine their usefulness in the organ transplant patient. The results were compared with computerized tomography (CT) and gallium 67-citrate (Ga) scanning. Eleven patients received both 111In WBC and Ga scans; 22 received both 111In WBC and CT scans. Ten 111In WBC scans had subtraction of 99m Tc sulfur or albumin colloid for liver evaluation and four 111In WBC scans had subtraction of 99m Tc DMSA for kidney evaluation. The overall sensitivity and specificity for 111In WBC scans was 90% and 90%, respectively. lung uptake was sensitive (89%) and specific (97%) for pulmonary infections, including bacterial, fungal and cytomegalovirus pneumonias. Renal graft uptake occurred in 15 cases (41%), all except 2 being due to rejection, pyelonephritis, urinary tract infections, or cytomegalovirus infections. pyelonephritis and renal abscesses were diagnosed in 3 cases with 99m Tc DMSA subtraction. Perihepatic abscesses (2), and infected liver cysts (4) were diagnosed with 99m Tc sulfur or albumin colloid subtraction. There were five false-negative CT scans and three false-negative Ga scans. Therefore, when compared with 111In: sensitivity = 88% vs 64% (CT), specificity = 80% vs 86% (CT); and sensitivity = 111In 90% vs 67% (Ga), specificity = 100% for both 111In WBC and Ga scans.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) ( info)

5/1371. A silver-sulfadiazine-impregnated synthetic wound dressing composed of poly-L-leucine spongy matrix: an evaluation of clinical cases.

    The management of severe burns requires the suppression of bacterial growth, particularly when eschar and damaged tissue are present. For such cases, silver sulfadiazine (AgSD) cream has been traditionally applied. This antibacterial cream, however, cannot be used in conjunction with a temporary wound dressing that is needed to promote healing. The authors developed a synthetic wound dressing with drug delivery capability for clinical use by impregnating a poly-L-leucine spongy matrix with AgSD, which is released in a controlled, sustained fashion. In general, the dressing adhered firmly to the wound in the case of superficial second-degree burns, and during the healing process it separated spontaneously from the re-epithelialized surface. In the management of deep second-degree burns where eschar and damaged tissue were present, the dressing had to be changed at intervals of 3 to 5 days until it adhered firmly to the wound. Once the dressing had firmly attached to the wound, it was left in place until it separated spontaneously from the re-epithelialized surface. Dressing changes were fewer than with other treatments and the pain was effectively reduced. Cleansed wounds were effectively protected from bacterial contamination. Of 52 cases treated with this wound dressing, 93% (14/15) of superficial second-degree burns, 75% (3/4) of deep second-degree burns, 85% (6/7) of superficial and deep second-degree burns, and 75% (12/16) of split-thickness skin donor sites were evaluated as achieving good or excellent results. ( info)

6/1371. Postoperative infection of lumbar intervertebral disk space.

    Sixteen cases of postoperative intervertebral disk space infection are reviewed. Most occurred after diskectomy, but one followed an unsuccessful attempt at a spinal anesthetic and two followed diskography. Treatment varied from aggressive surgery, either by a posterior, lateral, or anterior approach, to drain the infected disk space or spaces, to more conservative immobilization. Antibiotics were used in all cases. Needle biopsy is valuable in establishing diagnosis and identifying the organism and its antibiotic sensitivities. In some cases fusion occurred spontaneously from the infection; in others, fusion was a result of surgical fusion preceding or following the infection. ( info)

7/1371. stenotrophomonas (xanthomonas) maltophilia infection in necrotizing pancreatitis.

    CONCLUSION: Although the therapy of infected pancreatic collections or organized pancreatic necrosis remains surgical, we have demonstrated that infected organized pancreatic necrosis can be treated endoscopically. BACKGROUND: stenotrophomonas (xanthomonas) maltophilia has been increasingly recognized as a nosocomial pathogen associated with meningitis, pneumonia, conjunctivitis, soft tissue infections, endocarditis, and urinary tract infections. This organism is consistently resistant to imipenem, a drug commonly employed in patients with necrotizing pancreatitis to prevent local and systemic infections. methods AND RESULTS: We report the first case of infected pancreatic necrosis by S. (X.) maltophilia. Our patient was treated successfully with endoscopic drainage of the pancreatic fluid collection and appropriate antibiogram-based antibiotic therapy. Endoscopic drainage has emerged as one of the treatment modalities for pancreatic fluid collections. ( info)

8/1371. Treatment of skin and soft tissue infections with cefadroxil, a new oral cephalosporin.

    Oral cefadroxil in doses of 0-6-1-8 g per day given on twice or three times daily schedules was effective in the treatment of thirty-six patients with infections such as abscesses, carbuncles, cellulitis, furunculosis and impetigo. staphylococcus aureus strains and beta-haemolytic streptococci, alone or in combination, were cultured from lesions before treatment. in vitro studies with test discs showed that all the organisms were sensitive to cefadroxil, but twenty-three of twenty-nine S aureus strains and one of the seven streptococci strains were resistant to penicillin g. Pre- and post-treatment laboratory tests of renal, hepatic and haematopoietic functions produced no evidence of drug toxicity. The cefadroxil dosage effective in this study is lower than that recommended for currently available oral cephalosporins, which must be given on a four times daily schedule. ( info)

9/1371. Cerebral bacterial aneurysms in subacute bacterial endocarditis.

    Bacterial aneurysms are aneurysms which develop on a vascular wall weakened as a result of a bacterial infection. They can develop anywhere. This paper describes a female patient with subacute bacterial endocarditis and multiple cerebral aneurysms. Conservative treatment followed. ( info)

10/1371. Vasculitic small bowel perforation masquerading as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in a patient with decompensated liver disease.

    We report on a young patient with decompensated alcohol-induced liver disease (child-Pugh score C) who presented with clinical, biochemical and radiological evidence suggestive of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. She was however subsequently found to have multiple small bowel perforations, which were diagnosed only at laparotomy. The histology of the bowel showed evidence of vasculitis. This case illustrates two important points. Firstly, even if a patient has all the prerequisites to develop spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, a secondary cause of peritonitis (eg. bowel perforation or intra-abdominal abscess) must always be considered as a differential diagnosis and a repeat ascitic tap is mandatory after 48 h of antibiotic therapy to confirm a decrease in the white cell count. Secondly, it shows the rare co-existence of alcoholic liver disease and vasculitis. ( info)
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