Cases reported "Bacteriuria"

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1/59. Urosepsis associated with vaginal pessary use.

    Conservative management of genital prolapse in older women uses vaginal pessaries. Infectious complications of these devices, attributable in some instances to poor routine maintenance, are uncommonly reported. We present 2 cases of genitourinary sepsis associated with unsuspected pessary use and discuss the spectrum of complications reported with these appliances. ( info)

2/59. Relapsing Henoch-Schonlein purpura associated with pseudomonas aeruginosa pyelonephritis.

    Henoch-Schonlein purpura is a systemic vasculitis of unknown cause. It is frequently triggered by a streptococcal upper respiratory tract infection. Other bacteria have been implicated as triggering agents. We report a recurring case of Henoch-Schonlein purpura in a patient with Pseudomonas pyelonephritis. The Henoch-Schonlein purpura remitted only when the infection was eradicated. Pseudomonas infection should be added to the list of bacteria that can trigger Henoch-Schonlein purpura. ( info)

3/59. Matrix calculi.

    Matrix calculi are an uncommon form of urinary tract concretion. They must be considered in the differential diagnosis of a radiolucent mass within the renal collecting system or ureter. The clinical and radiographic features of three cases are presented and the literature of matrix calculi is reviewed. ( info)

4/59. Complications of transrectal aspiration biopsy of the prostate.

    Four cases of coli-sepsis, one with a fatal outcome have been observed after more than 14 000 transrectal aspiration biopsies (TAB) of the prostate performed at Karolinska Sjukhuset with Franzen's apparatus. A few cases of transient febrile reaction and urinary contamination after TAB of the prostate have also been recognised. One of the patients with sepsis and two with febrile reactions belonged to a relatively small group of patients referred from the Department of rheumatology. These observations prompted the present study. The records of all the patients referred for TAB of the prostate from the Department of rheumatology were reviewed. Four complications (three patients with febrile reaction and growth of E. coli in the urine and one case of sepsis) were observed after 63 biopsies in 51 patients (6.3%). The patient with sepsis and two other patients with complications belonged to a group of 32 patients with proven rheumatic disease (chronic polyarthritis): 42 biopsies had been performed in this particular group of patients, bringing the incidence of complication to 7.1%. For comparison the records of 294 patients from the Department of urology submitted to TAB of the prostate were also reviewed. Complications in the form of transient febrile reactions were found in five cases after 508 biopsies (1.0%). In addition, three cases of coli-sepsis not belonging to the above-mentioned groups are briefly described as case reports. patients with rheumatic disease (chronic polyarthritis) seem to run a higher risk of complications after TAB of the prostate. sepsis from E. coli is a rare but serious complication which can develop into, often fatal, endotoxin shock. TAB of the prostate should therefore be restricted to cases with clinical suspicion of prostatic malignancy. ( info)

5/59. Recurrent eclampsia in a woman with chronic pyelonephritis.

    pre-eclampsia associated with chronic pyelonephritis is not uncommon, but recurrent eclampsia in two successive pregnancies associated with chronic pyelonephritis is very rare. We present one such rare case where a patient had recurrent eclampsia with chronic pyelonephritis. ( info)

6/59. A method to minimize indwelling catheter calcification and bladder stones in individuals with spinal cord injury.

    Indwelling catheters are a common tool of bladder management in persons with high-level spinal cord injury who are unable to intermittently catheterize their bladders. Indwelling catheters are used to prevent bladder overdistension, which can trigger autonomic dysreflexia in those with injuries at or above T6. Unfortunately, indwelling catheters are prone to encrustation and can lead to the formation of bladder stones that can block the catheter and cause autonomic dysreflexia. We found that weekly catheter changes dramatically reduced catheter encrustation and stones in 2 individuals who had a history of recurrent stones despite various accepted interventions. We describe the clinical course and impact of this method in each case. ( info)

7/59. Delayed salmonella bacteriuria in a patient infected with schistosoma haematobium.

    The authors report a case of schistosoma haematobium infection with delayed occurrence of salmonella bacteriuria following treatment of schistosomiasis. Standard models of interaction between these two pathogens may not be fully satisfactory in such a case of co-infection. The role played by a decreased host immune response following schistosomiasis may thus be highlighted to explain a delayed or prolonged infection with salmonella. ( info)

8/59. A rational approach to urinary tract infections in older patients.

    urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur more commonly in the elderly than in younger adults. The frequency of concomitant chronic illness and decreased resistance in this age group confers increased rates of morbidity and mortality, and manifestations are often atypical. diagnosis requires careful interpretation of urine culture results and a determination of the infection as asymptomatic bacteriuria, uncomplicated UTI, or complicated UTI. This, in turn, guides therapeutic measures, including the use of oral antibiotics. ( info)

9/59. Acute renal failure in adults with uncomplicated acute pyelonephritis: case reports and review.

    Acute renal failure is a rare complication of acute pyelonephritis in patients who do not have urinary obstruction. Although urinary tract infections are common in adults, pyelonephritis is rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of acute renal failure nor is renal failure considered a likely consequence of bacteriuria. In this review, the cases of acute renal failure caused by acute pyelonephritis that have been reported in the last quarter century are examined. Including two new cases reported, only 12 cases of acute pyelonephritis resulting in acute renal failure were found. Three of these occurred in patients with a solitary kidney. All cases occurred in individuals who had no history of urinary tract infections, and all were caused by escherichia coli. In several cases, the administration of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs contributed to disease. Three cases occurred after catheter-acquired bacteriuria. Acute renal failure is an uncommon but serious consequence of uncomplicated acute pyelonephritis in adults. ( info)

10/59. Puerperal group A streptococcus infection: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Group A streptococcus (GAS) sepsis is a rare event but carries a high risk of maternal mortality. CASE: A case of puerperal infection occurred with GAS. This patient had had an uneventful prenatal and intrapartum course. She was noted to have high, spiking fevers immediately postpartum, with minimal clinical symptoms. Her blood cultures were positive for GAS, most likely from a urinary tract infection. She was started on broad-coverage antibiotics and defervesced on postpartum day 4. She remained afebrile and was discharged on postpartum day 8. CONCLUSION: patients with puerperal GAS sepsis commonly appear well clinically, with minor somatic complaints. GAS bacteremia should be suspected and promptly treated in women with high, spiking fevers early in the postpartum period. There are currently no guidelines on preventing vertical transmission. It is unclear how a patient with a previous history of GAS should be managed. Prophylactic use of penicillin during future labor may be warranted. ( info)
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