Cases reported "Bacteroides Infections"

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1/89. dermoid cyst with dermal sinus tract complicated with spinal subdural abscess.

    Spinal subdural abscess caused by spread of infection with the dermal sinus tract is rare in children. This article reports on a 1-year-old male with prolonged fever, progressive paraplegia, and bowel and bladder dysfunction resulting from a spinal subdural abscess secondary to an infected spinal dermoid cyst with a dermal sinus tract. This is the youngest patient to be reported having this condition. Surgical intervention was performed to find a tumor that had capsule and keratinlike contents. culture of the abscess was positive for escherichia coli and Bacteroides vulgatus. He received 6 weeks of parenteral antibiotic treatment. This patient illustrates the importance of urgent radiologic examination, immediate surgical resection, and appropriate antibiotic therapy for spinal subdural abscess.
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keywords = abscess
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2/89. Crohn's disease presenting as left gluteal abscess.

    Although abscesses and fistulae are common complications of Crohn's disease, the gluteal area is a rare site for abscess formation. The abscess results from extension of pus through the fascial plains of the pelvis and through the greater sciatic foramen into the gluteal area. This is the first reported left gluteal abscess due to Crohn's disease as pus extends across the midline to the left side. The clinical picture can be misleading and diagnosing the source of infection may be difficult. Incision of this abscess without identifying the source of infection will result in enterocutaneous fistula. Ultrasound guided aspiration of the abscess as well as treatment of metabolic deficiencies and septicaemia before definitive surgical treatment of the bowel disease will reduce the morbidity and mortality of this rare complication. The clinical picture, management of this complication and review of the literature are discussed.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = abscess
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3/89. Mixed anaerobic and aerobic testicular abscess in a neonate.

    A premature baby developed a testicular abscess on day 28 of life. The pus aspirated from the abscess grew a mixture of beta hemolytic streptococcus and a Bacteroides species. The source of this infection could not be identified. The baby improved on antibiotic therapy. This is the first reported case of a polymicrobial testicular infection involving an anaerobe in a neonate. The relevant literature is reviewed.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = abscess
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4/89. Contained rupture of the aneurysm of common iliac artery associated with pyogenic vertebral spondylitis.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case report. OBJECTIVES: To report and discuss a case of contained rupture of the aneurysm of common iliac artery associated with pyogenic vertebral spondylitis, so that investigators and practitioners may avoid the diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls associated with pyogenic vertebral spondylitis and aortic disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pyogenic vertebral spondylitis is a rare disorder that may have serious consequences, including death, if it is not diagnosed promptly and treated effectively. The association of pyogenic vertebral spondylitis with infection of the aorta is a rare but potentially fatal condition that requires prompt diagnosis and aggressive surgical and medical therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a contained rupture of the aneurysm of common iliac artery case associated with pyogenic vertebral spondylitis resulting from an infection with bacteroides fragilis,although Salmonellae infections are commonly associated with vertebral osteomyelitis and lesions of the contiguous aorta. methods: A 60-year-old man with chronic lower back pain began to experience a severe pain and had increased difficulty in walking. An MRI scan showed an increased signal in the L4-L5 disc space and an abscess extending into the spinal canal. The presumptive diagnosis was infective spondylitis. While performing a CT-guided needle biopsy, an unexpected contained rupture of the aneurysm of common iliac artery was discovered. RESULTS: A wide resection of all infected tissue, including the right common iliac artery and bony lesions, was performed in combination with antimicrobial therapy. A cryopreserved aortic allograft was used to reconstruct the artery, and an iliac strut graft was used to fill the debrided vertebral cavity. The patient's postoperative recovery was uneventful. CONCLUSION: The coexistence of pyogenic vertebral spondylitis and lesions of the aorta is rare, but may be lethal if not diagnosed promptly and treated effectively. Even if a patient's condition is stable and the hematocrit is normal, it is important to consider the possibility of a contained rupture of a mycotic abdominal aneurysm in all patients with vertebral osteomyelitis who have acute episodes of unusual severe back pain. CT is sometimes more beneficial than MRI in the identification and characterization of contained rupture of aneurysms.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = abscess
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5/89. Some clinical, immunological and bacteriological observations in a case of pyogenic arthritis due to bacteroides fragilis.

    A case of recurrent pyogenic arthritis in a knee joint and abscess formation of the lower limb is described. The infection occurred in a 70-year-old male patient treated with steroids for rheumatoid arthritis. A strain of bacteroides fragilis was repeatedly isolated both from the knee joint and the abscess. The isolated strain was used as antigen in tube agglutination tests and significant titre changes were observed during the course of the disease. The isolated strain was initially sensitive to doxycycline but developed resistance to this drug during therapy. The sensitivity to lincomycin remained unaffected.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = abscess
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6/89. Primary psoas abscess. Report of three cases.

    BACKGROUND: Primary psoas abscesses are a rare clinical entity with subtle and non specific symptoms, most commonly seen in patients predisposed to infections. early diagnosis and appropriate management are therefore challenging aspects for physicians. patients AND methods: We present three patients with primary pyogenic psoas abscess, treated at the Heraklion University Hospital, during a 5-year period. The two male and one female patient, aged 36-51 years were admitted with fever, abdominal pain and a palpable tender mass. RESULTS: The classical sign of limping was absent in all cases. Positive psoas symptoms were detected in only two patients. CT scan accurately confirmed the diagnosis in all cases. The patients were successfully treated with antibiotics and prolonged surgical drainage. staphylococcus aureus was the causative microorganism in the first two and bacteroides fragilis in the third patient. This is the first reported case resulting from this specific bacteria. None of our patients had any predisposing risk factor. CONCLUSIONS: A high index of suspicion is mandatory to enable early recognition of this rare clinical disease. CT scan is the standard diagnostic tool to confirm diagnosis. Prolonged drainage and appropriate antibiotics are essential for the successful treatment of primary psoas abscesses.
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ranking = 0.875
keywords = abscess
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7/89. A case of 'circling seizures' and an intratumoral abscess.

    We describe a case of a 38-year-old woman who presented with 'circling' seizures and was found to have an intracranial mass with features consistent with a meningioma. Three weeks prior to her presentation she underwent an uncomplicated vaginal hysterectomy. However, after discharge to home she developed a 4-day history of fever, chills and night sweats that eventually resolved. She underwent surgical removal of her intracranial mass without difficulty but intra-operative pathology showed features of acute cerebritis at the margins of the tumor. Further sectioning of the mass revealed evidence of an intratumoral abscess. culture of the meningioma revealed heavy growth of bacteroides fragilis. The patient was treated with intravenous antibiotics, discharged home in excellent health and has had no recurrence of seizures. In our case report we will review the historical literature on the incidence and features of intratumoral abscess. Although it is considered a rare event, our case demonstrates both common and unique features about this occurrence and highlights an unusual chain of events in the natural history of the patient's meningioma and the way in which it became clinically apparent.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = abscess
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8/89. Thyroid abscess complicating subacute thyroiditis: a consequence of steroid therapy?

    A patient with subacute thyroiditis developed a thyroid abscess after drainage of a pilonidal abscess. An infective focus in a patient with subacute thyroiditis on steroids should be treated aggressively with adequate antibiotic cover.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = abscess
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9/89. metronidazole-resistant bacteroides fragilis wound infection.

    We report the isolation of metronidazole-resistant bacteroides fragilis from a post-operative wound abscess in a 72-year-old woman who had not been treated with metronidazole during the preceding 9 months. The case illustrates the need for caution when identifying anaerobes on the basis of metronidazole sensitivity.
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ranking = 0.125
keywords = abscess
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10/89. Acute intramedullary spinal cord abscess: case report.

    We report the first case of an acute pyogenic intramedullary cervical spinal cord abscess, brain abscesses and meningitis due to an unusual anerobe, Bacteroides disiens. The importance of spinal magnetic resonance imaging for establishing the diagnosis is emphasized.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = abscess
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