Cases reported "bacteroides infections"

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1/259. dermoid cyst with dermal sinus tract complicated with spinal subdural abscess.

    Spinal subdural abscess caused by spread of infection with the dermal sinus tract is rare in children. This article reports on a 1-year-old male with prolonged fever, progressive paraplegia, and bowel and bladder dysfunction resulting from a spinal subdural abscess secondary to an infected spinal dermoid cyst with a dermal sinus tract. This is the youngest patient to be reported having this condition. Surgical intervention was performed to find a tumor that had capsule and keratinlike contents. culture of the abscess was positive for escherichia coli and Bacteroides vulgatus. He received 6 weeks of parenteral antibiotic treatment. This patient illustrates the importance of urgent radiologic examination, immediate surgical resection, and appropriate antibiotic therapy for spinal subdural abscess. ( info)

2/259. Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy of one leg--a sign of aortic graft infection.

    We report a rare case of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) confined to the right leg secondary to aortic graft infection. The development of HOA exclusively localized to areas distal to a vascular prosthesis may be the presenting manifestation of graft infection and a crucial diagnostic clue in the early detection of vascular graft infection. HOA is diagnosed by its characteristic radiographic and scintigraphic pattern. Most prosthetic, especially aortic, graft infections are uniformly fatal if not treated by aggressive surgical and antibiotic therapy. Recognition of this uncommon association may facilitate an early diagnosis, which usually requires immediate surgical therapy. ( info)

3/259. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome induced by whole-body hyperthermia and polychemotherapy in a patient with disseminated leiomyosarcoma of the uterus.

    OBJECTIVE: Whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) in combination with chemotherapy is a relatively new promising treatment modality for patients with cancer. The objective of this report is to present the development of an acute systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) following WBH in combination with chemotherapy. Although WBH can also induce cytokine production, MODS has not been described before in association with WBH. DESIGN: Case report. The patient was treated with WBH (core temperature 41.8 degrees C using a radiant heat device (Aquatherm) ) in combination with polychemotherapy (ifosfamide, carboplatin and etoposide (ice) ) in the context of a clinical trial for metastatic sarcomas. SETTING: Department of medical oncology and intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENT: A 58-year-old Caucasian woman treated for disseminated leiomyosarcoma of the uterus, who developed SIRS with brain dysfunction, hypotension, respiratory failure and renal dysfunction following WBH/ice. INTERVENTIONS: She was successfully treated in the intensive care unit by mechanical ventilation, inotropics and antibiotics. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: There was a remarkable recovery within 2 days: she regained full conciousness, could be extubated, inotropic support was stopped and creatinine levels returned to pre-treatment levels. All cultures remained sterile. After almost complete recovery, 5 days later a second episode of fever during neutropenia occurred and, despite antibiotic treatment, she died of Bacteroides distasonis sepsis. CONCLUSION: WBH should be added as a new cause to the already known list of physical-chemical insults which can result in MODS. ( info)

4/259. bacteroides fragilis bacteremia and infected aortic aneurysm presenting as fever of unknown origin: diagnostic delay without routine anaerobic blood cultures.

    We report the case of a 71-year-old male with bacteroides fragilis bactermia and infected aortic aneurysm that went undiagnosed, in part, because routine anaerobic blood cultures were not obtained. bacteremia caused by anaerobes has been reported to be declining, and recommendations to discontinue routine anaerobic blood cultures have been implemented in some hospitals. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an anaerobic bacteremia and infection that had a delay in diagnosis due to this change in blood-culturing protocol. The potential impact of deleting anaerobic blood cultures from routine protocols is discussed. ( info)

5/259. ludwig's angina due to bacteroides.

    This case presentation concerns a 21-year-old Negro man in whom ludwig's angina developed after a dental infection. The many serious complications encountered with such an infection are described in some detail. The involvement of anaerobic Bacteroides in infections of the head and neck is also noted and the approach to treatment is described. ( info)

6/259. life threatening pelvic sepsis after stapled haemorrhoidectomy.

    We describe a case of severe retroperitoneal sepsis after stapled haemorrhoidectomy. The operation seemed to be technically satisfactory, and we suggest that routine antibiotic prophylaxis may be indicated with this procedure. ( info)

7/259. eikenella corrodens: a clinical problem.

    E corrodens occurs as a significant clinical infection more frequently than suspected or cultured at the present time. It is essential that the dentist or physician work closely with the laboratory clinician in order to use proper techniques for its isolation. Inconsistencies between in vitro disk sensitivity and clinical drug response are noted. Because of clinical response, the clinician must carefully follow the patient's daily progress to recognize antibiotic treatment failure so that combination therapy or appropriate incision and drainage procedures may be initiated. ( info)

8/259. Bacteroides pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade in a patient with chronic renal failure.

    A 31-year-old woman with chronic renal insufficiency and recurrent pericarditis developed an enlarging cardiac silhouette and physical signs of cardiac tamponade. cardiac catheterization demonstrated pericardial effusion with hemodynamic evidence of cardiac compression. At pericardial exploration, 1.5 L. of foul-smelling purulent material was removed from a distended pericardial sac. Cultures of both the exudate and pericardium revealed pure growth of Bacteroides fragiles. The patient was subsequently treated with intravenous chloramphenicol and has had an uncomplicated clinical course since that time. This represents the first reported case of cardiac tamponade secondary to culturally proved Bacteroides pericarditis in the setting of chronic renal insufficiency. ( info)

9/259. An unusual bilateral pathological fracture.

    An unusual case of a bilateral pathological fracture of the mandible has been presented. The fracture of the right side of the mandible was through an area of bacteroides osteomyelitis and the fracture of the left side of the mandible was through a large cementifying fibroma, which had replaced the left body of the mandible. ( info)

10/259. Necrotizing fasciitis in Crohn's disease.

    We report a case of a 34-year-old woman, presenting initially with anaemia followed by sacro-iliac pain, and subsequently found to have necrotizing fasciitis complicating Crohn's disease where the organisms were introduced via a fistulous tract. It is perhaps surprising that this is not a more common complication of fistulating Crohn's disease, but we believe this is the first case report of this particular complication. ( info)
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