Cases reported "Behcet Syndrome"

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1/98. thalidomide responsiveness in an infant with Behcet's syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: Behcet's syndrome is a chronic relapsing vasculitis characterized by aphthous stomatitis, genital ulcerations, and uveitis. The disease is a multisystem illness, which may involve the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract, blood vessels, central nervous system, and other organs. CASE STUDY: We report a case of an infant with features of Behcet's syndrome who did not respond to conventional immunosuppression with high-dose corticosteroids and cytotoxic agents. thalidomide, a potent immune response-modifying drug, was used with marked improvement and resolution of symptoms. CONCLUSION: This finding supports a trial of thalidomide treatment in patients with Behcet's syndrome who are unresponsive to other forms of immunosuppressive therapy or develop undesirable side effects.
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keywords = nervous system
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2/98. Neuro-Behcet's disease presenting with isolated unilateral lateral rectus muscle palsy.

    The authors present the clinical findings of a 30-year-old female and a 29-year-old male who both had isolated unilateral lateral rectus muscle palsy in neuro-Behcet's disease. The clinical feature related to isolated abduscens nerve palsy was identified by CT, systemic assessment and extraocular examination. These patients' constellation of findings appear to be unique: it does not follow any previously reported pattern of ocular manifestations of neuro-Behcet's disease.
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ranking = 0.012711219985564
keywords = nerve
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3/98. Demyelination of retinal myelinated nerve fibers in Behcet's disease.

    A 39 year-old Behcet's patient had demyelination of retinal myelinated nerve fibers after recurrent papillitis and vitritis. Oral prednisolone, cyclosporine, and later periocular corticosteroids and oral colchicine were used but demyelination continued over a 5 year-period. A pseudobulbar palsy with urinary incontinence and pyramidal tract signs developed and azathioprine and corticosteroids were used. Demyelination of retinal nerve fibers stopped and while treatment was underway, the central nervous system (CNS) signs were stable. While the ocular pathology of Behcet's can mirror the CNS signs, indeed optic nerve ischemic demyelination may signal the potential for CNS involvement; azathioprine with prednisone may be more effective in the long-term for optic nerve and CNS involvement than cyclosporine with prednisone.
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ranking = 1.1016897598845
keywords = nervous system, nerve
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4/98. "Neuro-sweet disease": benign recurrent encephalitis with neutrophilic dermatosis.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe benign recurrent encephalitis in a case of sweet syndrome that also showed clinical features of Behcet disease. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old Japanese man developed relapsing and remitting encephalitis and mucocutaneous symptoms mimicking Behcet disease. Magnetic resonance images showed at least 5 episodes of transient abnormal signal intensity in various cerebral regions over a period of 5 years. A skin biopsy specimen of the cutaneous edematous erythematous plaques revealed neutrophilic dermatitis compatible with sweet syndrome. HLA typing showed B54, which is frequent in sweet syndrome but rare in Behcet disease. Oral prednisolone therapy (10-60 mg/d) was remarkably effective for the encephalitis as well as for the mucocutaneous symptoms. CONCLUSION: We propose that there is an entity that is like Sweet disease, but with recurrent encephalitis characterized by an association with HLA-B54 and a high responsiveness to corticosteroid therapy, which we have tentatively named neuro-Sweet disease, that is distinct from the classic central nervous system involvement of Behcet disease.
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keywords = nervous system
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5/98. A bad eye and a sore lip.

    A 48-year-old woman developed painful visual loss in the left eye, meningismus, and painful oral ulcers. magnetic resonance imaging of the brain with gadolinium demonstrated enhancement of the left optic nerve. Lumbar puncture showed a lymphocytic pleocytosis, and a biopsy specimen of one of the oral ulcerations was consistent with Behcet's disease. epidemiologic factors and diagnostic criteria for Behcet's disease are discussed.
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ranking = 0.012711219985564
keywords = nerve
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6/98. Optic neuropathy in Behcet's disease. Report of two cases.

    Orbital magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated increased signal of the optic nerve in short time inversion recovery (STIR) images of two young women with unilateral visual blurring. In both, recurrent oral and genital ulcerations and papulopustular lesions appeared within the next 14-15 months, respectively, allowing a diagnosis of Behcet's disease. Optic neuropathy may be an early manifestation of Behct's disease and clinical follow-up is crucial for its diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.77715732545126
keywords = neuropathy, nerve
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7/98. Brachial plexopathy caused by subclavian artery aneurysm in Behcet's disease.

    As the cause of brachial plexopathy, an aneurysm of the subclavian artery is rare and mostly related to trauma. early diagnosis and treatment is very important because the arterial aneurysm itself is life-threatening and nerve injury can be reversible in cases of early treatment. We report a patient with Behcet's disease having a right brachial plexopathy caused by a nontraumatic aneurysm of the right subclavian artery.
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ranking = 0.012711219985564
keywords = nerve
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8/98. Use of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in a young child with pain from open perineal lesions.

    Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) has been shown to be an effective treatment modality in adults experiencing pain associated with a variety of conditions. Therapeutic measures that are effective with adults can often be used with children. However, the benefit of TENS for children has not been well established since few research or clinical data have been published in the literature. This case report of a 4-year-old female with open perineal skin lesions who received TENS as an adjuvant therapy for painful dressing changes illustrates that TENS can be an effective treatment in children. In addition to the pain reduction seen in our patient, TENS therapy also had an opioid-sparing effect.
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ranking = 0.06355609992782
keywords = nerve
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9/98. A case of coexisting Behcet's disease and ankylosing spondylitis.

    Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic inflammatory condition involving several organs, such as skin, mucous membrane, eye, joint, intestine, lung and central nervous system. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a prototype of seronegative spondyloarthropathy, and a chronic systemic inflammatory disorder of the axial skeleton, mainly affecting the sacroiliac joint and spine. In the latter, systemic complications may develop in addition to joint involvement. The coexistence of BD and AS has been rarely reported in the literature. The inclusion of BD among seronegative spondyloarthritides and whether sacroiliitis (SI) develops in BD are still being debated. We describe a 28-year-old man who has fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for BD and AS as well.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nervous system
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10/98. Peripheral vascular disease in Behcet's syndrome.

    We describe a patient with Behcet's syndrome who had peripheral vascular disease involving the left subclavian artery for which angioplasty with stent placement was performed and reangioplasty done for in-stent restenosis. She presented with recurrence one year after stent placement; angiography revealed diffuse disease of the axillary and radial arteries with mild to moderate restenosis at the site of stent placement.
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ranking = 0.59870607814868
keywords = peripheral
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