Cases reported "Behcet Syndrome"

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1/145. Central diabetes insipidus with Behcet's disease.

    We encountered a case of Behcet's disease complicated with central diabetes insipidus. A hypothalamopituitary dysfunction is rare in Behcet's disease; only three cases of this association have been reported in the literature. magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed a dilatation of the left Sylvian vein and thickening of the pituitary stalk, which suggested intracranial vasculitic processes and lymphocytic infundibuloneurohypophysitis. The possible relationship of this disease combination is discussed as a form of autoimmune disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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2/145. A case of vasculo-Behcet's syndrome.

    A case of Behcet's syndrome with vascular complications is presented. This case had a familial occurrence of Behcet's syndrome. His vascular complications were deep vein thrombophlebitis of both legs, aneurysms of the left common iliac artery and the left femoral artery and the occlusion of the left subclavian artery. He was successfully operated on for the aneurysms. This paper discusses the problems accompanying the aneurysm of Behcet's syndrome. The authors pointed out that the subclavian steal syndrome may be diagnosed as neuro-Behet's syndrome and stressed the importance of vascular survay in Behcet's syndrome when the patient complaints of thrombophlebitis.
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ranking = 30.84433342203
keywords = deep vein, vein, deep
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3/145. Gastrointestinal manifestations of Behcet's disease.

    Behcet's disease (BD) is a multisystem, chronic, relapsing vasculitis of unknown origin that affects nearly all organs and systems. While recurrent oral ulcerations are a "sine qua non" of BD, the frequency of extra-oral parts of the gastrointestinal involvement varies widely in different countries. The most frequent extra-oral sites of gastrointestinal involvement are the ileocecal region and the colon. The liver (except with budd-chiari syndrome), pancreas, and spleen are rarely involved. The symptoms associated with these extra-oral manifestations of BD are abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea with or without blood, and constipation. The lesions typically are resistant to medical treatment and frequently recur with surgical treatment. We review the literature regarding the gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary systems in BD. Also, we present a patient who had BD complicated with radiologically-proven hepatic veins involvement (budd-chiari syndrome) and complete occlusion of hepatic portion of inferior vena cava and who had a good response to colchicine and penicillin treatment.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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4/145. Intracardiac thrombosis in a case of Behcet's disease associated with the prothrombin 20210G-A mutation.

    Thrombosis occurs in 20 to 30% of patients with Behcet's disease (BD), but the precise pathogenic mechanism underlying the thrombotic tendency in these patients is not well known. Venous thromboses are commonly located in the lower extremities, but right intracardiac thrombi are extremely rare. We report for the first time on a young patient with BD associated the 20210G-A prothrombin gene mutation and right intracardiac thrombosis. We suggest that the association of BD with this newly recognized prothrombotic genetic mutation may have contributed to the development of the thrombotic event in this patient.
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ranking = 792.95901683064
keywords = thrombosis
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5/145. The advantages of MRI and MRA for diagnosing Behcet's disease and internal jugular vein thrombosis.

    Behcet's disease is a multisystem disorder characterized by recurrent aphtous ulcers of mucosal membranes, skin lesions, and vasculitis. The prevalence of vascular involvement is about 25% and this is the leading cause of death in Behcet's disease. Jugular vein involvement is an unusual manifestation of Behcet's disease. Medical insertion of needles into veins or arteries can induce thrombosis or aneurysms. Thus, diagnostic studies or therapy can aggravate the disease and even be fatal. We report a patient with Behcet's disease and rare internal jugular vein thrombosis. We also demonstrate the ability of noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography to aid in the diagnosis and evaluation of vascular involvement in Behcet's disease, without risking iatrogenic complications.
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ranking = 997.88359575542
keywords = thrombosis, vein thrombosis, vein
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6/145. Pseudoaneurysm formation in surgically treated Behcet's syndrome--a case report.

    Behcet's syndrome is a multisystem disorder with unknown etiology. Clinically it is mostly seen as a systemic vasculitis; almost 30% of the patients have vascular involvements, and most of these are venous thrombosis and arterial aneurysms. Obstructions of the femoral and tibial arteries have also been reported in the literature. The authors present here a patient with Behcet's syndrome who had pseudoaneurysms on both femoral arteries after aortobifemoral bypass surgery.
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ranking = 187.34593197817
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis
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7/145. Neuro-Behcet's syndrome in a patient not fulfilling criteria for Behcet's disease: clinical features and value of brain imaging.

    central nervous system involvement is rarely an initial presenting manifestation of Behcet's disease (BD). We report the case of a 33-year-old man with recurrent attacks of fever, oral mucosal ulcers, deep venous thrombosis, diplopia, vertigo and headache. Sequential brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed fluctuating lesions of the brain stem, mesencephalon and thalamus. F-18-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) revealed hypometabolism at the parieto-occipital cortex at both sides and the brain stem. Treatment with prednisone and cyclosporine A led to a complete remission and normalisation of MRI and FDG-PET lesions. The present case illustrates the difficulty in the differential diagnosis of early neuro-BD.
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ranking = 187.52179369597
keywords = thrombosis, venous thrombosis, deep
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8/145. Fatal pulmonary artery thrombosis in a patient with Behcet's disease, activated protein c resistance and hyperhomocystinemia.

    Behcet's disease (BD) is known for its tendency for thromboembolism, which is thought to be due to vascular injury. The important role of inherited thrombophilias is now becoming increasingly clear. However, conflicting data exist in terms of the contribution of these factors to the thrombotic risk in BD. In this case report, we describe a patient with BD who presented with severe cor pulmonale due to recurrent chronic venous thromboembolism and pulmonary artery thrombosis. The biochemical evaluation revealed that the patient was homozygotic for the factor v Leiden (R506Q) mutation and had increased levels of homocysteine. His condition deteriorated despite adequate anticoagulation treatment, and he died suddenly after 7 months of follow-up. We assume that the presence of thrombophilic risk factors augments and synergizes with the hypercoagulable state already existing in BD, leading to fatal thrombosis in this patient.
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ranking = 951.55082019677
keywords = thrombosis
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9/145. Subpleural lung involvement in Behcet's disease: first localization of a systemic entity.

    Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic multisystem vasculitis, affecting many organs and the vascular system, of unknown aetiology. Eyes, skin, joints, the oral cavity, the central nervous system, and, less frequently, heart, lung, kidney, the genital system and the gastrointestinal tract can be involved. Intrathoracic manifestations of BD consist mainly of thromboembolism of the superior vena cava and/or other mediastinal veins; aneurysms of the aorta and pulmonary arteries; pulmonary infarct and haemorrhage; pleural effusion; and, rarely, myocardial and/or hilar lymphoid involvement. In the present case, the patient presented with BD with an asymptomatic subpleural lung mass and bilateral pulmonary artery enlargement. The patient was treated with a combination of surgical and medical therapy with complete resolution of the lung involvement and without any parenchymal relapses after an 8-month follow-up.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vein
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10/145. Mediastinal mass and brachial plexopathy caused by subclavian arterial aneurysm in Behcet's disease.

    Vascular involvement in Behcet's disease is divided into venous and arterial thrombosis and arterial aneurysmal formation. Subclavian arterial aneurysm rarely occurs in Behcet's disease; however, when it does occur, it causes serious aneurysmal rupture and local complications such as nerve compression and arterial ischemia. We describe the case of a 39-year-old male who presented with neurologic symptoms and signs of brachial plexopathy and mediastinal mass caused by Behcet's subclavian arterial aneurysm. This case shows that the occurrence of brachial plexopathy should be considered a manifestation of Behcet's disease, and that Behcet's aneurysm should be considered in the differential diagnosis of upper mediastinal mass.
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ranking = 158.59180336613
keywords = thrombosis
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