Cases reported "beriberi"

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1/47. Shoshin beriberi in an AIDS patient with end-stage renal disease.

    Asymptomatic cardiomegaly and subsequent fulminant pulmonary edema developed in an AIDS patient with end-stage renal disease who had no prior history of cardiac disease. Intravenous thiamine administration led to dramatic resolution of both obtundation and cardiovascular collapse within 4 hours. Prolonged thiamine administration led to decreased cardiomegaly. These findings are consistent with Shoshin beriberi. ( info)

2/47. Cardiac beriberi among illegal mainland Chinese immigrants.

    The most common symptoms of chronic beriberi due to thiamine deficiency include dyspnoea, fatigue, leg oedema, lower extremity weakness and numbness. When collapsed peripheral circulation, metabolic acidosis, or shock are present, the disease has advanced from chronic beriberi to pernicious or fulminating beriberi heart failure (Shoshin beriberi). We report two patients with fulminating beriberi; both of whom had been incarcerated at a detention centre for 5 months before hospitalization. A prolonged monotonous diet, low in thiamine, was a major risk factor in both patients. thiamine deficiency should be considered for any patient with symptoms and signs compatible with beriberi. ( info)

3/47. Early recognition of acute cardiovascular beriberi by interpretation of hemodynamics.

    Acute fulminant cardiovascular beriberi is an acute thiamine deficiency, which, if not recognized and treated, can lead to high cardiac output failure and death. The symptoms of acute thiamine deficiency include severe lactacidemia, and the presence of a high cardiac output and extremely low oxygen consumption in a patient who is hemodynamically stable. In this case conference, we describe a patient who was diagnosed with acute cardiovascular beriberi. ( info)

4/47. A possible case of beriberi heart failure in a chronic hemodialyzed patient.

    A case of beriberi heart failure in a chronic hemodialyzed patient is described. The etiology and the diagnostical criteria are discussed. The possibility of this complication in chronic hemodialyzed patients is considered. ( info)

5/47. Shoshin beriberi with vasospastic angina pectoris possible mechanism of mid-ventricular obstruction: possible mechanism of mid-ventricular obstruction.

    A 73-year-old heavy drinker was admitted to hospital in a state of shock. He had been suffering from frequent angina at rest, causing him to drink more heavily in an effort to overcome his anginal chest pain. He had been drinking hard each day and had not eaten for 4 weeks. His hemodynamic state on admission showed high-output heart failure. echocardiography revealed hyperkinesis of the left ventricle and mid-ventricular obstruction with peak intraventricular gradients of 30 mmHg. Although no improvement was seen despite administering the maximal dose in catecholamine therapy, his condition improved rapidly after vitamin B(1) was administered. cardiac catheterization revealed mid-ventricular obstruction with an apical aneurysm. Coronary artery spasm was induced by injecting acetylcholine in the distal site of the left anterior descending artery, which perfused the area of the apical aneurysm. In the present case, both left ventricular hyperkinesis caused by shoshin beriberi and apical myocardial infarction caused by frequent coronary spasms produced mid-ventricular obstruction with an apical aneurysm. ( info)

6/47. Non-specific hyperamylasemia in shosin beri-beri.

    Several reports demonstrate non-specific hyperamylasemia in cardiac surgery or diabetic ketoacidosis. We report here for the first time non-specific hyperamylasemia in a cardiovascular beri-beri case who showed shock with severe metabolic acidosis. Her echocardiography revealed hyperkinetic wall motion of the small left ventricle. Despite intravascular volume expansion in parallel with dopamine administration, her blood pressure did not recover. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) did not reveal pancreatic swelling or any other signs of acute pancreatitis. Her history suggested a possibility of cardiovascular beri-beri due to chronic alcoholism. Thiamine administration dramatically reversed her haemodynamic derangements, metabolic acidosis and even relieved her abdominal pain. Isozyme examinations for hyperamylasemia showed that most of the serum amylase consisted of salivary type. This case report expands our information on non-specific hyperamylasemia encountered in the emergency setting. ( info)

7/47. beriberi cardiomyopathy.

    In indonesia beriberi is still endemic, but subclinical cases are not uncommon. Three patients suffering from beriberi presented with different clinical manifestations. One had the classical features of Shoshin beriberi and the other two had the non-alcoholic cardiac beriberi (chronic type). The cardiac symptoms of all three patients responded dramatically to thiamine tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfide; there was also some improvement of their polyneuropathy, consistent with the neurophysiologic findings and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs). We conclude that SSEPs provide additional clinical information on beriberi polyneuropathy. The mortality of untreated cardiovascular beriberi is high. In view of the harmless nature of the treatment, a good case could be made for routine administration of thiamine to all patients in whom heart failure is present without clear evidence of the cause. ( info)

8/47. Cardiac beriberi (shoshin beriberi) caused by excessive intake of isotonic drink.

    A 21 month old female had voluntarily ingested 0.5-1.51 of isotonic sports drink daily from 10 months of age. She developed hyponatremia and beriberi heart disease, which resulted in metabolic acidosis and cardiogenic shock (shoshin beriberi). Mechanical ventilation was applied for pulmonary edema. Right heart failure was improved after administering vitamin B1. However, 5 days after the shock, hypoxemia and diffuse radiographic infiltrates progressed, and a diagnosis of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was made. After the occurrence of an air leak, the patient died of respiratory failure. The cardiogenic shock and pulmonary edema due to cardiac beriberi may have triggered the ARDS. ( info)

9/47. Shoshin beriberi in an infant of a thiamine-deficient mother.

    The classical form of thiamine deficiency in children is comprised of peripheral neuropathy, encephalopathy and high-output cardiac failure, predominantly right-sided. "Shoshin beriberi" cardiac failure has a different presentation, with vasoconstriction, hypotension and severe metabolic acidosis. A three-month breast-fed infant developed these features (biochemical tests confirmed the diagnosis). His mother, although non-symptomatic, had biochemical evidence of thiamine deficiency. ( info)

10/47. Cardiovascular complications of parenteral nutrition.

    During a 3 year period, 1987-1989, we encountered three major complications associated with parenteral nutrition leading to congestive cardiac failure--acute beriberi, right atrial and superior vena caval thrombosis, and fungal endocarditis. Unrecognized, these are invariably fatal. Persistent vomiting from intestinal obstruction led to the development of thiamine deficiency in the patient with beriberi. Recurrent catheter tip sepsis probably accounted for thrombosis and endocarditis in the second and third cases, respectively. These conditions are preventable with careful attention to nutritional replenishment and aseptic technique. In patients with catheter-related sepsis early, repeated blood culture is of diagnostic value. patients with staphylococcus aureus catheter-associated bacteraemia require at least 4 weeks of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Recurrent sepsis, especially when associated with pulmonary embolic phenomena, is an indication for echocardiography. ( info)
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