Cases reported "berylliosis"

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1/26. beryllium copper alloy (2%) causes chronic beryllium disease.

    We describe two newly confirmed cases of chronic beryllium disease who presented to our clinic from a facility that only used 2% beryllium copper alloy. These cases illustrate that the 2% beryllium copper alloy continues to cause chronic beryllium disease and that appropriate preventive measures must be taken to control exposures and educate industries and their workers about the hazards of beryllium alloys. ( info)

2/26. The first seven cases of chronic beryllium disease in ceramic factory workers in japan.

    In the present paper the first 7 cases in japan of chronic beryllium disease found in workers employed in a ceramic factory utilizing beryllium have been described. Immunological examinations of these cases showed changes similar to those observed in sarcoidosis, that is, negative tuberculin test and increase in serum gamma globulin and immunoglobulins. The fact that a considerable number of workers in the same factories as the patients showed negative tuberculin reaction may suggest that there may be further cases of chronic beryllium disease among them that are still in a latent period. ( info)

3/26. Government laboratory worker with lung cancer: comparing risks from beryllium, asbestos, and tobacco smoke.

    occupational medicine physicians are frequently asked to establish cancer causation in patients with both workplace and non-workplace exposures. This is especially difficult in cases involving beryllium for which the data on human carcinogenicity are limited and controversial. In this report we present the case of a 73-year-old former technician at a government research facility who was recently diagnosed with lung cancer. The patient is a former smoker who has worked with both beryllium and asbestos. He was referred to the University of california, san francisco, Occupational and environmental medicine Clinic at San Francisco General Hospital for an evaluation of whether past workplace exposures may have contributed to his current disease. The goal of this paper is to provide an example of the use of data-based risk estimates to determine causation in patients with multiple exposures. To do this, we review the current knowledge of lung cancer risks in former smokers and asbestos workers, and evaluate the controversies surrounding the epidemiologic data linking beryllium and cancer. Based on this information, we estimated that the patient's risk of lung cancer from asbestos was less than his risk from tobacco smoke, whereas his risk from beryllium was approximately equal to his risk from smoking. Based on these estimates, the patient's workplace was considered a probable contributing factor to his development of lung cancer. ( info)

4/26. A 65-year-old factory worker with dyspnea on exertion and a normal chest x-ray.

    Chronic beryllium disease is an occupationally acquired granulomatous lung disease similar to sarcoidosis. It is caused by exposure to beryllium in genetically susceptible persons. It should be suspected in patients with beryllium exposure who present with pulmonary symptoms or have a positive screening blood beryllium-specific lymphocyte proliferation test. The diagnosis is confirmed by the finding of granulomas on transbronchial biopsy in the appropriate clinical and epidemiologic setting. Although there is no cure, treatment with corticosteroids is usually beneficial. In view of the potential side effects, treatment is reserved for patients with symptoms or a decline in pulmonary function. ( info)

5/26. Marked tachypnea in siblings with chronic beryllium disease due to copper-beryllium alloy.

    Two biological sisters working at the same factory for > 9 years developed chronic beryllium disease (CBD) from a copper-beryllium alloy. Both had marked tachypnea (36 breaths/min and 45 breaths/min at rest, respectively), persisting over 8 years. ventilation during exercise (assessed in one sibling) was grossly excessive (57 L/min, expected 23 L/min) with a respiratory rate of 64 breaths/min even with normal baseline routine pulmonary function tests. blood beryllium lymphocyte transformation test and lung biopsies confirmed the diagnosis. No other cases of CBD have been reported from this plant among about 120 workers. These cases support the genetic basis for berylliosis and illustrate the marked tachypnea that may accompany this disease. ( info)

6/26. Chronic beryllium disease: a model interaction between innate and acquired immunity.

    beryllium (Be) is a lightweight and durable metal useful to a variety of manufacturing processes. With the use of Be in industrial settings, a number of health effects were noted including acute pneumonitis, sensitization to Be, interstitial lung disease and dermatological disease. Interstitial mononuclear cell inflammation and granuloma formation are the primary processes that occur in the lungs of Be-exposed workers, resulting in chronic beryllium disease (CBD). Recent studies have begun to describe the role of Be in the pathogenesis of CBD. These studies reveal that the host's response to Be involves components of the innate immune system or inflammatory responses. Inflammatory responses to Be can establish a state of acquired, Be antigen-specific, cell-mediated immunity. Despite triggering both the innate and acquired immune responses, Be is not eliminated from the host. Rather, it establishes pathways leading to chronic granulomatous inflammation. We will examine recent studies describing the host's cellular and molecular responses to Be, responses that promote granuloma formation. ( info)

7/26. Granulomas in nasal polyps.

    Three specimens of simple nasal polyps which were examined in a routine histopathology laboratory contained tubereuloid granulomas. One of these patients was found to have systemic sarcoidosis. The other two continue to be asymptomatic and in one of these rupture of cystic nasal mucous glands with the liberation of epithelial mucin into the stroma appears to have excited the granulomatous reaction. The causation, investigation and significance of granulomas at this site are discussed. ( info)

8/26. Ground-glass computed tomography pattern in chronic beryllium disease: pathologic substratum and evolution.

    Five cases of chronic beryllium disease with predominant or isolated diffuse ground-glass lung opacities on computed tomography are reported with correlation to lung pathology. The ground-glass attenuation was either homogeneous and isolated (n = 1) or patchy and clearly predominant (n = 4) over linear and nodular opacities. In 4 cases, histologic samples showed a prominent diffuse involvement of the alveolar-capillary walls by florid granulomas. Evolution under corticosteroid was remarkable by the appearance of small-sized cysts in 3 cases. ( info)

9/26. Case series: use of induced sputum in the evaluation of occupational lung diseases.

    The authors recently reported that analysis of induced sputum may reveal the status of hazardous dust exposure (e.g., silica, hard metals) as effectively as does bronchoalveolar lavage. In the current study, the authors describe how induced sputum can assist in the evaluation and diagnosis of suspected occupational lung diseases. The 3 patients who underwent induced sputum testing included a miner with silicosis, a dental technician with berylliosis, and a teacher who suffered from undefined interstitial fibrosis and in whom induced sputum analysis revealed the presence of a high burden of calcium sulfate and silica. The data reported indicate that induced sputum--a known safe and simple procedure--can serve as a useful tool in the evaluation of patients with suspected occupational lung diseases. ( info)

10/26. Nonoccupational beryllium disease masquerading as sarcoidosis: identification by blood lymphocyte proliferative response to beryllium.

    Chronic granulomatous lung disease caused by industrial exposure to beryllium continues to occur, but no community cases have been reported in more than 30 yr. With the advent of a blood screening test that detects beryllium sensitization, physicians can discriminate chronic beryllium disease from sarcoidosis. A 56-yr-old woman in whom sarcoidosis was diagnosed had an unremarkable occupational history, but her husband was a beryllium production worker. blood and bronchoalveolar lavage lymphocyte transformation tests, measuring the beryllium-specific cellular immune response, were abnormal, confirming a diagnosis of chronic beryllium disease. Chronic beryllium disease continues to occur in the nonoccupational setting and among bystanders in industry, masquerading as sarcoidosis. Because even transient or possibly low levels of exposure may cause disease, this case has important implications for how clinicians, industry, and government agencies define the populations at risk of chronic beryllium disease. ( info)
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