Cases reported "Bile Duct Neoplasms"

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1/572. An extrahepatic bile duct metastasis from a gallbladder cancer mimicking Mirizzi's syndrome.

    We report a case of an extrahepatic bile duct metastasis from a gallbladder cancer that mimicked Mirizzi's syndrome on cholangiography. A 67-yr-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a diagnosis of acute calculous cholecystitis. As obstructive jaundice developed after the admission, percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage was performed to ameliorate the jaundice and to evaluate the biliary system. Tube cholangiography revealed bile duct obstruction at the hepatic hilus, and extrinsic compression of the lateral aspect of the common hepatic duct, with nonvisualization of the gallbladder. No impacted cystic duct stone was visualized on CT or ultrasonography. laparotomy revealed a gallbladder tumor as well as an extrahepatic bile duct tumor. We diagnosed that the latter was a metastasis from the gallbladder cancer, based on the histopathological features. This case is unique in that the extrahepatic bile duct metastasis obstructed both the common hepatic duct and the cystic duct, giving the appearance of Mirizzi's syndrome on cholangiography. Metastatic bile duct tumors that mimic Mirizzi's syndrome have not been previously reported. The presence of this condition should be suspected in patients with the cholangiographic features of Mirizzi's syndrome, when the CT or ultrasonographic findings fail to demonstrate an impacted cystic duct stone.
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2/572. Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma. Diagnostic challenge in hepatic fine needle aspiration biopsy.

    OBJECTIVE: To study the cytohistologic features of combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHCC-CC) in fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) material. STUDY DESIGN: Six hepatic FNAB cases with cell blocks (five) and hepatic resections (two) were analyzed cytohistologically and immunohistochemically. RESULTS: The six cases were diagnosed as CHCC-CC based on clinicopathologic correlation. Unequivocal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells corresponding to Edmondson and Steiner's grade 3 lesions were identified in the FNAB in three instances. adenocarcinoma, represented by cohesive columnar cells with ovoid, basal nuclei displaying nuclear palisading, acini and/or papillary structures with variable intracytoplasmic intraacinar or brush border mucin production, was identified in all cases. Intermediate cells with hybrid/polymorphic cytologic features straddling malignant hepatocytes and glandular cells were identified in five instances. Tissue alpha-fetoprotein was negative. There was brush border and/or diffuse cytoplasmic p-carcinoembryonic antigen immunoreactivity in the glandular elements. CONCLUSION: FNAB diagnosis of CHCC-CC is possible if the clinical, cytohistologic and immunohistochemical findings support the presence of HCC and adenocarcinoma. Intermediate cells pose a great challenge to recognize and define: they tend to lose the classic cytologic features of malignant hepatocytes and acquire glandular characteristics. At the very least, there should be a high index of suspicion. These cases underscore the necessity for clinicopathologic correlation in enhancing the precision of FNAB diagnoses.
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3/572. Sarcoma botryoides arising from the biliary tract of children. A case report with review of the literature.

    Sarcoma botryoides (embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma) originating from the common bile duct is reported in a 4-year-old girl. Grossly, the tumor is characterized by multiple polypoid and grape-like projections into the lumen of the common bile duct and shows plate-like thickening of the common bile duct wall. On multiple cut-sections these polypoid masses are soft and light yellow white except for multifocal hemorrhage. Histologically the tumor consists of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells with a myxomatous appearance; rhabdomyoblasts with varing degree of maturation are scattered here and there within the matrix. These cells are characterized by a strap and racket shape with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and elongated cytoplasm with cross striations. The histogenesis of the tumor may be related possibly to an abnormal differentiation of the primitive mesenchymal cells toward striated muscle cells.
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4/572. Well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, gastric foveolar type, of the extrahepatic bile ducts: A previously unrecognized and distinctive morphologic variant of bile duct carcinoma.

    Two examples of a rare but distinctive morphologic variant of extremely well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts are reported. One tumor arose in the common bile duct of a 51-year-old man; the other arose in the common hepatic duct of a 27-year-old man. Both tumors were composed predominantly (>95%) of gastric foveolar-type epithelium. Because of their bland nuclear features, low mitotic index, and focal polypoid and lobular architecture, they were initially confused with adenomas. Foci of less-differentiated adenocarcinoma and perineural invasion present in the deep portions of the tumors facilitated recognition. The neoplastic cells and extracellular mucin were periodic acid-Schiff- and alcian blue-positive. By immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells expressed cytokeratins 8 and 20 as well as cathepsin d, as reported in normal foveolar cells. Likewise, p53 overexpression was documented immunohistochemically in both adenocarcinomas, which also stained with the Ki-67 antibody. Despite the well-differentiated nature of the neoplasms and their deceptively benign microscopic appearance, one patient developed recurrence and liver metastasis 5 years after surgery. The other patient is disease-free 2 years following a segmental resection of the common hepatic duct, cystic duct, and gallbladder. The cell phenotype of these tumors can be explained by the ability of the bile duct epithelium to differentiate along gastric cell lines.
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5/572. Villous adenoma of the bile ducts: a case report and a review of the reported cases in korea.

    Villous adenomas are benign epithelial lesions with malignant potential which can occur at any site in the gastrointestinal tract. They are usually encountered in the rectum and colon, less frequently in the small bowel and very rarely in the biliary trees. Nine cases of bile duct villous adenomas have been reported in the literature. However, 4 cases of bile duct villous adenomas have been reported in the Korean literature. Recently, we experienced a case of villous adenoma in the common hepatic duct in a 77-year-old man presenting with obstructive jaundice in which preoperative histologic diagnosis of villous adenoma played a critical role in managing this patient. Herein, we present a case report of bile duct villous adenoma and a review of the reported cases in korea to help define and manage this rare disease entity in the bile ducts. In addition, confusing nomenclature of bile duct adenomas is discussed.
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6/572. Intraductal ultrasonography in six patients with endoscopic biliary stenting.

    The development of endoscopic biliary stenting (EBS), using the Wallstent, to treat patients with obstructive jaundice secondary to unresectable tumors of the pancreas or biliary ducts has led to improved quality of life in these patients. We followed six patients with intraductal ultrasonography (IDUS) after insertion of a Wallstent. In two patients, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) was also performed, and in three patients IDUS was repeated every few months. IDUS allowed ingrowth of the tumor or formation of debris in the stent to be observed clearly and easily. Therefore IDUS was considered to be a powerful tool to follow patients after stenting and to decide on the next treatment when reobstruction occurred.
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ranking = 0.42857142857143
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7/572. Mucin-producing biliary papillomatosis associated with gastrobiliary fistula.

    We report a case of mucin-producing biliary papillomatosis in a 78-year-old woman. Abdominal ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) showed wall thickening and dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct (IHBD), as well as a nodular lesion, 1.2 cm in diameter, in the left branch of the IHBD. Gastric endoscopy revealed excretion of bile-containing mucin on the anterior wall of the body of the stomach. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) showed gastrobiliary fistula and discharge of mucin into the stomach. Needle biopsy of the biliary tumor revealed papillary proliferation, but no malignant cells were recognized histologically. Therefore this patient was diagnosed as having mucin-producing biliary papillomatosis forming gastrobiliary fistula. She did not present with obstructive jaundice, probably because of the fistula. She is alive, without obstructive jaundice, 16 months after the diagnosis without having had surgery. This is, to our knowledge, the first reported case of biliary papillomatosis forming gastrobiliary fistula and with the patient free of obstructive jaundice.
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8/572. Carcinoma of the cystic duct associated with opisthorchiasis.

    Four patients who had obstructing carcinoma of the cystic duct and who presented themselves with enlarged and palpable gall bladders but without jaundice are reported. All patients came from endemic areas of opisthorchiasis and had evidence of opisthorchis infection by peritoneoscopic and surgical findings. All but one had opisthorchis eggs in the stool. The pathogenesis and management was discussed.
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ranking = 0.35714285714286
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9/572. Adenomyomatous hyperplasia of the papilla of Vater: A sequela of chronic papillitis?

    A case of adenomyomatous hyperplasia of the papilla of Vater is described. The lesion presented as a small polypoid tumor projecting into the duodenal lumen, causing obstruction and dilatation of the common bile duct. Serial cross-section of the ampulla showed diffuse thickening of the muscular layer corresponding to Oddi's sphincter, with resulting narrowing of the lumen. Many ductal or glandular components were dispersed within the mucosa and the muscular layer and were admixed with lymphocytes, a few lymphoid aggregates, and fibrosis. Based both on the absence of cellular atypia and the presence of inflammation, fibrosis, and preservation of the normal architecture of the ampulla, we favor the interpretation that this hyperplastic lesion represents a sequela of chronic papillitis. The different diagnoses for this lesion are presented along with a review of the literature.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
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10/572. adenoma arising from the cystic duct and extending to the confluence of the extrahepatic biliary tract.

    We describe a rare case of adenoma with a few foci of severe atypia arising from the cystic duct in a 68-year-old woman, initially diagnosed by the presence of intracholecystic tumefactive sludge on abdominal ultrasonography. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) disclosed a tuberous filling defect at the orifice of the cystic duct. pathology examination of the biopsied specimen obtained from ERC disclosed not a cancerous but an adenomatous lesion. Macroscopically, the resected specimen showed a superficially spreading and shallowly elevated lesion extending from the cystic duct to the common bile duct. Although a few sporadic foci of severe atypia were observed, microscopy did not reveal any cancer findings, but confirmed the tumorous lesion as benign adenoma, showing mild-to-moderate atypia. Postoperative immunohistochemistry revealed no expression of p53 protein. We briefly refer to the rarity of adenoma in the biliary tract and discuss the difficulty of differential diagnosis of neoplastic lesions in the extrahepatic biliary tract.
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