Cases reported "Biliary Tract Diseases"

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1/2. Pneumobilia: benign or life-threatening.

    Pneumobilia, or air within the biliary tree of the liver, suggests an abnormal communication between the biliary tract and the intestines, or infection by gas-forming bacteria. Pneumobilia usually can be distinguished from air in the portal venous system by its appearance on computed tomography (CT) scan. The most common conditions associated with pneumobilia include: 1) a biliary-enteric surgical anastamosis, 2) an incompetent sphincter of oddi, or 3) a spontaneous biliary-enteric fistula. Three cases of pneumobilia associated with its most common causes are presented and further differential diagnostic possibilities as well as the implications of this finding on patient management are discussed.
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2/2. Congenital short pancreas. Report of a new case observed during the course of a recurrent acute pancreatitis.

    A new case of congenital short pancreas (partial agenesis or hypoplasia of the dorsal pancreas) is reported. The patient was a 61-year-old caucasian man, referred for two episodes of non-severe acute biliary pancreatitis. Clinical and laboratory findings and the presence of ultrasound biliary sludge in the gallbladder supported the biliary origin of pancreatitis. Computerized tomography revealed a slightly enlarged and hypodense head of the gland but could not identify any pancreatic tissue in the region of the body and tail. Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography showed a short pancreas with a duct system in communication both with the accessory and main papilla. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed and no further episodes of abdominal pain occurred. Short pancreas is a rare congenital abnormality consisting in the parenchyma and ductal system restricted to the head with some residual dorsal tapering and arborizing ducts communicating with the minor papilla. This anomaly can be an incidental finding and its association with episodes of recurrent pancreatitis needs to be proven.
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