Cases reported "Birth Injuries"

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1/213. Normal visual development after unilateral complete ptosis at birth.

    We report on a 5-year-old boy who was born with a unilateral complete ptosis secondary to a lid hematoma sustained at birth, which resolved spontaneously over the course of 6 weeks. visual acuity and binocularity have developed normally. This case adds evidence to the proposal of a latent period before the onset of a sensitive period in visual development. ( info)

2/213. Large chronic cephalohematoma without calcification.

    Cephalohematomas following birth normally resorb within the 1st month of life. In cases of prolonged resorption, over greater than 1 month, cephalohematomas typically begin to calcify. We report the case of a 3-month-old child with a persistent, large cephalohematoma that did not calcify. After observation alone failed to demonstrate a decrease in the size of the hematoma, 30 cm3 of old blood was aspirated, and the patient's head was wrapped. Unlike calcified cephalohematomas, this noncalcified lesion did not require open surgical intervention. A treatment protocol for cephalohematomas is presented. ( info)

3/213. "Growing fontanelle": a serious complication of difficult vacuum extraction.

    Growing skull fractures in combination with leptomeningeal cysts are well known in childhood. A rare case of a growing fontanelle due to a leptomeningeal cyst is presented. The cyst occurred due to a traumatic delivery with vacuum extraction. Operative repair of the cyst revealed a dural tear at the border of the fontanelle. The imaging findings are discussed. ( info)

4/213. ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint as a complication of forceps delivery: report of a case.

    A two and half years old girl presented with severe limitation of mouth opening, facial asymmetry, inability to masticate, and proclination of the anterior maxillary and mandibular teeth. There was no history of facial trauma, infection or neonatal fevers. A diagnosis of bony ankylosis of the TMJ was made following a confirmation of delivery by means of obstetrics forceps during a difficult labour. The causes of TMJ ankylosis and the sequaele are highlighted. ( info)

5/213. Newborn radial nerve palsy: report of four cases and review of published reports.

    Four newborns presented with isolated radial nerve palsy during the first 2 days of life. In three, there was a history of failure of progression of labor, which may have resulted in prolonged radial nerve compression. Furthermore, three infants had fat necrosis of the upper arm above the elbow, suggestive of compression of the radial nerve in the region of the spiral groove. Significant recovery of function was evident within 1 month in all four infants. The authors review published reports about the rare condition of isolated radial nerve palsy in the newborn. ( info)

6/213. Case report of malocclusion with abnormal head posture and TMJ symptoms.

    Abnormal cervical muscle function can cause abnormal head posture, adversely affecting the development and morphology of the cervical spine and maxillofacial skeleton, which in turn leads to facial asymmetry and occlusal abnormality. There can be morphologic abnormalities of the mandibular fossa, condyle, ramus, and disk accompanying the imbalance of the cervical and masticatory muscles activities. Two normally growing Japanese female patients with Class II Division 1 malocclusion presented with TMJ symptoms and poor head posture as a result of abnormal sternocleidomastoid and trapezius cervical muscle activities. One patient underwent tenotomy of the two heads of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and the other patient did not. In addition to orthodontics, the 2 patients received physiotherapy of the cervical muscles during treatment. Both were treated with a functional appliance as a first step, followed by full multi-bracketed treatment to establish a stable form of occlusion and to improve facial esthetics with no head gear. This interdisciplinary treatment approach resulted in normalization of stomatognathic function, elimination of TMJ symptoms, and improvement of facial esthetics. In the growing patients, the significant response of the fossa, condyle, and ramus on the affected side during and after occlusal correction contributed to the improvement of cervical muscle activity. Based on the result, early occlusal improvement, combined with orthopedic surgery of the neck muscles or physiotherapy to achieve muscular balance of the neck and masticatory muscles, was found to be effective. Two patients illustrate the potential for promoting symmetric formation of the TMJ structures and normal jaw function, with favorable effects on posttreatment growth of the entire maxillofacial skeleton. ( info)

7/213. Right sternoclavicular dislocation after traumatic delivery: a case report.

    Sternoclavicular (SC) dislocation is an injury that is very rare in the newborn. Thus far there have been no reports describing this in neonates after a traumatic birth injury. This condition can be difficult to differentiate from epiphyseal separation, which occurs more often in older children. For successful treatment, early diagnosis is essential. Timely surgical reposition and fixation with following immobilization is recommended in instances of complete (SC) dislocation. We report a trauma-induced case of SC dislocation in a neonate successfully managed by polydioxanon cord fixation. ( info)

8/213. Neonatal brain tissue embolism in the lung.

    A brain tissue embolus was observed in a major pulmonary artery in the right lung, in a neonate who died from intracranial haemorhage 36 hours after delivery. This is the fifth documented case in a neonate and the only one in whom survival had occurred beyond one hour. brain tissue emboli in the pulmonary circulation occur very rarely; it has been described in adults and children with head injuries. In newborn infants with severe congenital malformations of the central nervous system, brain tissue has been found growing in the lungs; the possibility of this being the result of prenatal brain trauma with embolization has been raised. In newborn infants, pulmonary brain tissue embolism as a result of birth trauma has been reported only very rarely; as far as the authors are aware, only four such cases have been documented. In view of the rarity of this condition, it was thought that the present case merited reporting. ( info)

9/213. Unsuspected splenic rupture in a neonate.

    Serious intra-abdominal injuries in neonates are very rare. In addition, the signs and symptoms of hemoperitoneum caused by bleeding from solid viscera are vague and nonspecific and often are not recognized before the onset of hypovolemic shock or death. In this report, we describe a 2-day-old infant who presented with shock and pallor who had a ruptured spleen, presumably from birth. We also review the literature and the importance of recognizing this injury in the emergency department setting. ( info)

10/213. Nerve transplantation: a father's final gift.

    Offering the option of organ and tissue donation to grieving families may seem stressful, but asking the question may provide a positive means to extend care to the bereaved family and help others in return. Many donor families have said donation was an opportunity to make some sense out of a senseless situation and to relieve some of the grief they experienced. This article presents a case that started with such a discussion by ICU nurses in one of our donor hospitals, and ended with successful organ and tissue recovery and transplantation. As "routine" as this may sound, it was anything but routine--it made history. ( info)
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