Cases reported "Bites, Human"

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1/12. lip biting in a patient with Chiari type II malformation: case report.

    self mutilation of lips and tongue is considered a common type of Self-Injurious behavior (SIB). Treatment of SIB in the form of lip-Biting in developmentally disabled individuals has been the focus of several related reports using different oral appliances preventing or inhibiting the SIB. In this paper we report a case of SIB in the form of lip-Biting on an infant with Chiari Type II Malformation which was treated with a lip-bumper. The lip-bumper demonstrated to be a viable option in treating transient and acute episodes of SIB involving the lower lip and buccal mucosa.
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keywords = tongue
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2/12. Traumatic macroglossia: a life-threatening complication.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of muscle relaxants and a bite raiser to avoid continued tongue trauma. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A tertiary general intensive care unit (ICU). INTERVENTIONS: muscle relaxation and bite raiser. MAIN RESULTS: muscle relaxation and a bite raiser were used in a 17-yr-old male with traumatic macroglossia, which allowed for rapid resolution of edema and prevented additional trauma to the tongue. CONCLUSION: Early use of a bite raiser together with muscle relaxants allows for more rapid solution of edema and prevention of additional trauma to the tongue in patients with traumatic macroglossia.
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keywords = tongue
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3/12. Human biting of children and oral manifestations of abuse: a case report and literature review.

    A ten-month-old female was taken to the Children's Hospital of new york for evaluation of suspected child abuse. The child presented with a severe oral herpetic infection, tongue laceration, and multiple bite marks. Social services confirmed that a parent bit the child's tongue.
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keywords = tongue
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4/12. Teeth grinding, tongue and lip biting in a 24-month-old boy with meningococcal septicaemia. Report of a case.

    This paper describes the management of a 24-month-old boy who presented with self-inflicted trauma to his lower lip and tongue, and teeth grinding, 21 days after developing meningococcal septicaemia. A decision to observe and prescribe palliative therapy was made. Extraction of the lower right deciduous canine, which had become non-vital, possibly due to bruxism, was carried out.
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keywords = tongue
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5/12. Arrangement of artificial teeth in the neutral zone after surgical reconstruction of the mandible: a clinical report.

    This clinical report describes the fabrication of a fixed partial denture, supported and retained by implants, for a patient with unfavorable tongue movement caused by movable grafted skin on the floor of the mouth after surgical reconstruction of the mandible. The neutral zone technique was used, and successful results were obtained.
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6/12. Case report: the lesch-nyhan syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: The lesch-nyhan syndrome (LNS) is a rare x-linked excessive disorder of purine metabolism, caused by the congenital absence of hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT). CASE REPORT: In January 2000 a 2 year old boy was referred to a paediatric dental office in Landshut, germany, because of severe and repeated lip chewing and aggressive tongue biting. A medical history revealed a normal pregnancy with no complications but a diagnosis of muscular hypotonia was made at four months of age. At 18 months a diagnosis of LNS was established through biochemical analysis and molecular examinations. The child displayed self-destructive behaviour, typical in children with LNS. Shortly thereafter the patient was supplied with arm cuffs for self-protection which were not tolerated and the self-mutilation continued. Eventually the extraction of all primary teeth was deemed necessary to prevent additional medical problems for this child. FOLLOW-UP: One year after the dental extractions the patient presented with no bite injuries but was now using his fingers to injure himself.
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7/12. tongue ulcerated by trauma: report of case.

    A patient's nocturnal tongue biting resulted in a traumatic ulcer on the lateral border of the tongue. The ulcer resolved after a fractured restoration was repaired and topical triamcinolone was applied.
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8/12. Acute exacerbation of macroglossia leading to necrosis of the anterior third of the tongue.

    macroglossia is defined as an enlarged tongue that protrudes beyond the teeth or the alveolar ridge in the resting position. macroglossia may be classified into generalised and localised based on the extent of tongue involvement. Each of these groups can be subdivided into congenital, inflammatory, traumatic, metabolic and neoplastic lesions [Myer III CM, Hotaling AJ, Reilly JS. The diagnosis and treatment of macroglossia in children. ear nose Throat J 1986;65:444-8]. The congenital causes are vascular anomalies such as haemangioma and lymphovenous malformations. We report the case of a large lymphovenous malformation of the tongue in a 17 month old child who developed an acute exacerbation of macroglossia following trauma. This eventually led to necrosis of the anterior third of his tongue requiring a partial glossectomy.
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keywords = tongue
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9/12. Use of a modified occlusal bite guard to prevent self-induced injury in intensive care patients.

    The use of a simple bite raiser is usually effective in preventing self-inflicted tongue and lip trauma. In some patients with very severe uncontrolled muscular activity, this is insufficient. To overcome these problems it is necessary to use a modified bite raiser which prevents the jaws occluding. Such a modified bite raiser is described.
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keywords = tongue
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10/12. Parasomnia with rhythmic movements manifesting as nocturnal tongue biting.

    The case of a healthy 2-year-old girl with repeated nocturnal tongue biting as a result of rhythmic movements of the jaw associated with body rocking in non-REM sleep is described. parasomnias manifesting with rhythmic, stereotyped movements of the head, trunk and extremities are well described in healthy children. The term rhythmic movement disorders (RMD) was introduced for these repetive movements in sleep which may appear as head banging (jactatio capitis), body rocking or leg rolling. Severe injuries including fractures, subdural effusions and eye injures are reported. Repeated tongue injuries have not been described as a consequence of RMD. The differential diagnosis from nocturnal seizures is crucial to avoid overtreatment of this benign albeit dramatically presenting condition.
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keywords = tongue
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