Cases reported "Blindness"

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1/27. Blindness as a consequence of a paraneoplastic syndrome in a woman with clear cell carcinoma of the ovary.

    BACKGROUND: paraneoplastic syndromes are rare conditions associated with cancer that result in serious disease states at unique sites. In 1982, a report of bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation associated with nonocular cancers which resulted in blindness was reported. We present a case of a woman with recurrent ovarian cancer who developed this paraneoplastic syndrome. CASE: A 55-year-old woman had been diagnosed in 1990 with an ocular melanoma of her right eye and in 1994 with clear cell carcinoma of the ovary. With recurrence of ovarian cancer, new eye lesions were identified in both eyes. After enulcleation of her right eye, an ocular melanoma and diffuse bilateral melanocytic proliferation (BDUMP) were found. The sight in her left eye continued to deteriorate as other signs of BDUMP occurred in the eye. Within 1 month of diagnosis, the patient was blind. She subsequently succumbed to progression of ovarian cancer. CONCLUSION: Recurrent ovarian cancer is usually an intraabdominal disease that results in gastrointestinal dysfunction. This case illustrates a rare paraneoplastic syndrome associated with ovarian cancer that mimics metastatic disease to the eye, but has a different pathophysiology.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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2/27. hyperthyroidism due to papillary carcinoma of the thyroid--a case report.

    A rare case of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid producing hyperthyroidism is presented. A young patients presented seven years after a thyroid operation with metastatic disease in the cervical lymph nodes and a history of deteriorating vision in the left eye. He also had a lesion in the base of the skull which could not be established to be metastasis from the thyroid cancer. There was clinical and biochemical evidence of hyperthyroidism. Radionuclide scan revealed uptake in the residual thyroid tissue and patchy uptake by the cervical lymph nodes. The patient underwent a complete thyroidectomy and radical neck dissection of the left side and 'berry-picking' of the lymph nodes on the right side. Although the patient became euthyroid post-operatively, his general condition deteriorated and he rapidly lost vision in both eyes before any ablative therapy could be instituted for the tumour in the base of the skull. The patient was lost to follow-up.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = cancer
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3/27. Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor with intracranial extension: report of a case and review of the literature.

    The calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign neoplasm, possibly of stratum intermedium origin and occurring predominantly in the mandible of adults. The treatment varies, depending on its size, location, and histology. A case of an advanced CEOT arising in the maxilla with intracranial extension is reported. The report is supplemented by a review of the literature.
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ranking = 0.14255623268716
keywords = neoplasm
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4/27. Superior orbital 'petrositis' and late ischaemic monocular blindness induced by intense UV radiation exposure.

    Many physical agents cause neuropathies. The most common are chronic pressure, vibration and temperature. In general, these lesions occur at work, as a result of accidents or through chronic exposure to the physical agent. radiation leading to peripheral neuropathy is also related to radiotherapy in cancer treatment, as an undesirable side-effect. We present here a case report of short, intense UV radiation exposure at work, leading to delayed-onset ocular neuropathy. A clear cause-effect relationship is shown, demonstrated using magnetic resonance imaging scans. We suggest that the mechanism was thermal and ischaemic.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = cancer
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5/27. Small cell carcinoma of the endometrium with associated ocular paraneoplastic syndrome.

    Small cell carcinomas are well-recognized tumors known to occur predominantly in the lung. These neoplasms occasionally are associated with a variety of symptoms caused by hormones and other products produced by the tumor cells (paraneoplastic syndromes). However, in the gynecologic tract such neoplasms are extremely rare. The authors report the case of an elderly woman who presented with visual disturbances caused by a primary small cell carcinoma of the uterus.
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ranking = 0.28511246537431
keywords = neoplasm
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6/27. Visual loss despite anticoagulation in radiation-induced optic neuropathy.

    radiation therapy to the brain may produce necrosis and loss of function months after completion of the treatment. The case is presented of a 62-year-old man who developed radiation-induced optic neuropathy 2 years after treatment for a glioma of the left temporal lobe, despite being on anticoagulation therapy. Although anticoagulation appears to be beneficial in cerebral radiation necrosis, its usefulness in the treatment of radiation-induced optic neuropathy is unclear.
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ranking = 801.96426037406
keywords = radiation-induced
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7/27. ophthalmic artery occlusion secondary to radiation-induced vasculopathy.

    A 35-year-old man with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) had a left ophthalmic artery occlusion that caused no light perception OS 28 years after having been treated with external beam radiation therapy for a presumed glioma of the right optic nerve and chiasm. Clinical and imaging findings were consistent with radiation-induced cerebral vasculopathy. This ophthalmic complication has never been reported, despite the common occurrence of severe carotid-ophthalmic artery junction stenosis after radiation in NF1 patients. Even though modern radiation techniques limit collateral damage, this modality should be used with discretion in NF1 patients, given the vulnerability of their immature cerebral vasculature to radiation.
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ranking = 668.30355031172
keywords = radiation-induced
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8/27. optic nerve enhancement in hypotensive ischemic optic neuropathy.

    A 57-year-old woman who had hypotension and cardiac arrest during coronary artery bypass grafting developed hypotensive ischemic optic neuropathy with no light perception vision OU. Bilateral mid-orbital optic nerve enhancement was found on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) eight weeks after surgery. Re-examination 16 weeks after surgery showed no light perception vision, dilated un-reactive pupils, and pale optic discs. Bilateral optic nerve enhancement persisted on MRI. optic nerve enhancement has been reported commonly in radiation-induced ischemic optic neuropathy, occasionally in arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy, and rarely in nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy. It has never been reported in hypotensive ischemic optic neuropathy.
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ranking = 133.66071006234
keywords = radiation-induced
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9/27. Misdiagnosis of olfactory neuroblastoma.

    OBJECT: Olfactory neuroblastoma (ON) is a rare neoplasm arising from the olfactory epithelium and found in the upper nasal cavity. The authors studied the frequency with which ON is misdiagnosed with other tumors of the paranasal sinuses such as neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), pituitary adenoma, melanoma, lymphoma, and sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC). Based on the belief that misdiagnosis commonly occurs, they emphasized the importance of establishing the correct diagnosis, because the treatment regimens and prognosis of these tumor types are often significantly different. methods: Twelve consecutive patients in whom ON was diagnosed were referred to the Department of neurosurgery at the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center between January 1998 and March 2000. Demographic data were collected, physical findings and mode of treatments were documented, and neuroimaging studies were assessed. Pathologists at the authors' institute reviewed the histological specimens. Only in two of 12 patients was the diagnosis of ON confirmed. Lesions in 10 patients were misdiagnosed; there were two cases of melanoma, three cases of NEC, three cases of pituitary adenoma, and two cases of SNUC. Eight of 10 patients in whom lesions were misdiagnosed required significant alteration in the initially proposed treatment plan. CONCLUSIONS: Neurosurgeons should be acutely aware of the variety of neoplasms that occur in the paranasal region. The correct diagnosis should be ensured before initiating treatment to provide the optimum therapy and spare the patients from needless and potentially toxic treatment.
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ranking = 0.28511246537431
keywords = neoplasm
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10/27. Blindness caused by photoreceptor degeneration as a remote effect of cancer.

    Three postmenopausal women developed photoreceptor degeneration one to four months preceding or following discovery of an anaplastic tumor. Two patients had transitory visual obscurations and bizarre visual sensations. Ring scotomas progressed to severe visual field loss. Retinal arteries were markedly narrowed. Electroretinograms revealed almost total absence of response in one patient, and another complained of the recent onset of night blindness. In all three patients severe degeneration of the photoreceptor cells associated with melanophagic activity was shown histologically. In two patients neuropathologic examination from the retinal bipolar cells to the occipital cortex revealed no significant alterations.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = cancer
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