Cases reported "Blindness"

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1/650. Lessons to be learned: a case study approach--a case of temporal arteritis.

    A 71-year-old male presented with a history of sudden partial visual loss in the right eye with an inferior visual field defect over the past 3-4 days. He had no history of headache or of facial pain. Clinical examination confirmed that vision on the right side was reduced to 6/18 and on the left to 6/12. The right eye showed a relative afferent pupillary defect. There was no other abnormality of the anterior segment of either eye. The right retina showed a pale swollen optic disc and a provisional diagnosis of anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION) was made. An urgent erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was ordered and the patient was asked to return to the eye clinic in one month. However, 16 days later--when it was first recognised that his ESR was elevated to 75 mm in the first hour--the patient was recalled immediately in order to commence systemic steroid treatment; but regrettably, by this time, his right eye had become totally blind. In this case, although the attending doctor made a correct clinical diagnosis on presentation, he failed to act upon the result of the blood test.
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ranking = 1
keywords = visual
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2/650. Alternate four-point sweep-through gait--a technique for patients with combined neuromuscular and visual impairments: case reports.

    This article reports on two patients with combined neuromuscular and visual impairments who used a modification of the classic alternate four-point crutch gait, which allowed them to simultaneously explore the upcoming environment for obstacles or change in terrain while maintaining sufficient support for their lower limbs. The technique should be useful for patients with diabetic neuropathy/retinopathy combinations, multiple sclerosis with optic neuritis, and neurosarcoidosis and in elderly patients with multiple disabilities.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = visual
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3/650. Cerebral polyopia with extrastriate quadrantanopia: report of a case with magnetic resonance documentation of V2/V3 cortical infarction.

    This is a case report of the occurrence of cerebral diplopia with right-side superior homonymous quadrantanopia in a young woman after chiropractic neck manipulation. magnetic resonance imaging confirmed an infarct in the left inferior V2/V3 (extrastriate) cortex. The characteristics of the diplopia are illustrated with the patient's drawings, and persisting abnormalities in perception are described in the area of the initial field defect after static (computed) visual field testing yielded normal results.
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ranking = 0.52901778570379
keywords = visual, cortex
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4/650. A multiple sclerosis-like illness in a man harboring the mtDNA 14484 mutation.

    In most cases of Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) the only clinical manifestation is visual loss. A multiple sclerosis-like illness has been infrequently reported in association with LHON. Most patients are women harboring the mtDNA 11778 mutation. We present a young man with clinical and paraclinical evidence of a demyelinating process with profound bilateral visual loss who harbored the mtDNA 14484 mutation associated with LHON.
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ranking = 1
keywords = visual
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5/650. arachnoiditis and VECP change.

    A five-year-old boy presented with tuberculous meningitis and subsequently developed amaurosis with optochiasmatic arachnoiditis (OCA) late in the convalescent stage of the illness. The visual evoked cortical potentials were correlated with the decreased and improved postoperative acuity. The diagnosis and classification of OCA have been discussed with emphasis given to prompt neurosurgical treatment.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = visual
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6/650. association of high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone with reversal of blindness from lightning in two patients.

    OBJECTIVE: To report possibly beneficial effects of treatment with high-dose corticosteroids given intravenously to two patients with loss of vision after lightning strikes. DESIGN: case reports. PARTICIPANTS: Two patients who suffered the effects of a lightning strike. INTERVENTION: High-dose intravenous methylprednisolone (NASCIS-2 Protocol). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Vision recovery, pupil responses, and optic nerve appearance. RESULTS: One patient had unilateral ophthalmoscopically visible abnormality with light perception vision and a relative afferent defect in that eye; vision recovered to 20/25. The other patient had no light perception, nonreactive pupils, and normal fundus examinations in both eyes; vision recovered bilaterally to normal (20/20). CONCLUSIONS: High-dose intravenous corticosteroid treatment in these patients may have had a role in their visual recovery.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = visual
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7/650. Superselective intraarterial fibrinolysis in central retinal artery occlusion.

    Intraarterial fibrinolysis was performed in three patients with acute central retinal artery occlusion using recombinant tissue plasminogen activator as a fibrinolytic agent. In two cases the ophthalmic artery was selectively catheterized, and in the other a thrombolytic drug was infused into the ophthalmic artery by way of the meningeal collaterals. All patients experienced visual improvement. fibrinolysis can produce better results than obtained from conservative treatment. A good prognosis can be achieved if the treatment starts within the first 4 to 5 hours after occlusion.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = visual
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8/650. Branch retinal artery occlusion in systemic diseases: a case report.

    Although branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) is a relatively benign disease in terms of permanent visual impairment, the associated systemic diseases confer significant morbidity and mortality. The following systemic disorders can be found among patients presenting with a retinal artery occlusion: hypertension (59%), significant atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (21%), diabetes mellitus (15% to 21%), left-sided valvular heart disease (5%), and cerebrovascular accidents (5%). These underlying systemic diseases are often responsible for a significant reduction in life expectancy and are in many cases potentially treatable conditions. A thorough cardiovascular examination (including a carotid duplex ultrasonography) may identify these occult diseases, and a prompt and effective treatment may improve the quantity and quality of patients' lives by reducing the risk of further arterial occlusive events.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = visual
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9/650. Acute unilateral visual loss due to a single intranasal methamphetamine abuse.

    An otherwise healthy 35 year old male with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) presented himself three days after a single intranasal methamphetamine abusus. Directly upon awakening the day after the recreational use of this drug, he discovered an acute and severe visual loss of his right eye. This unilateral loss of vision was permanent and eventually lead to a pale and atrophic optic nerve head. The characteristics of this visual loss, together with the aspect of the optic nerve head was very similar to the classical non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). We suggest a direct ischemic episode to the short posterior ciliary arteries due to this single intranasal abuse of methamphetamine as the underlying pathogenesis of this acute and permanent visual loss.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = visual
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10/650. RPGR transcription studies in mouse and human tissues reveal a retina-specific isoform that is disrupted in a patient with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa.

    X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP) is a genetically heterogeneous group of progressive retinal degenerations. The disease process is initiated by premature apoptosis of rod photoreceptor cells in the retina, which leads to reduced visual acuity and, eventually, complete blindness. Mutations in the retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator ( RPGR ), a ubiquitously expressed gene at the RP3 locus in Xp21.1, account for approximately 20% of all X-linked cases. We have analysed the expression of this gene by northern blot hybridization, cDNA library screening and RT-PCR in various organs from mouse and man. These studies revealed at least 12 alternatively spliced isoforms. Some of the transcripts are tissue specific and contain novel exons, which elongate or truncate the previously reported open reading frame of the mouse and human RPGR gene. One of the newly identified exons is expressed exclusively in the human retina and mouse eye and contains a premature stop codon. The deduced polypeptide lacks 169 amino acids from the C-terminus of the ubiquitously expressed variant, including an isoprenylation site. Moreover, this exon was found to be deleted in a family with XLRP. Our results indicate tissue-dependent regulation of alternative splicing of RPGR in mouse and man. The discovery of a retina-specific transcript may explain why phenotypic abberations in RP3 are confined to the eye.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = visual
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