Cases reported "Bloom Syndrome"

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1/7. Myelodysplastic syndrome associated with monosomy 7 in a child with bloom syndrome.

    bloom syndrome is a genomic instability syndrome associated with predisposition to development of various types of malignancy. In this report, we described a 7-year-old boy with bloom syndrome (BS) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) associated with monosomy 7 and loss of the y chromosome. To our knowledge, this was the first case with BS showing monosomy 7 and MDS during the early childhood period.
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keywords = chromosome
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2/7. Chromosomal aberrations in bloom syndrome patients with myeloid malignancies.

    bloom syndrome (BS) predisposes affected individuals to a wide variety of neoplasms including hematological malignancies. Thus far, cytogenetic findings in hematological neoplasms have been reported in only a few BS patients. We present the karyotypic findings in a BS patient diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), FAB subtype M1, and a review of the literature, showing the preferential occurrence of total or partial loss of chromosome 7 in BS patients with AML or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
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keywords = chromosome
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3/7. Successful pregnancy in a woman with bloom syndrome.

    bloom syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder notable for increased chromosome fragility and an increased rate of somatic mutation. The clinical manifestations include small stature, a characteristic dermatologic lesion, and an excess incidence of malignancy. fertility is generally reduced. A 19-year-old white woman with bloom syndrome was successfully treated for preterm labor at 32 weeks' gestation, and ultimately delivered a healthy male infant at 35 weeks' gestation. Reports of pregnancy in women with bloom syndrome are few. Despite reduced fertility, conception can occur, and women with bloom syndrome should receive appropriate reproductive counseling to prevent unintended pregnancies and increased surveillance for preterm birth.
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keywords = chromosome
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4/7. bloom syndrome: multiple retinopathies in a chromosome breakage disorder.

    AIM: To describe multiple retinal abnormalities in a patient with bloom syndrome, including early macular drusen, diabetic retinopathy, and the onset of leukaemic retinopathy. methods: Clinical data were collected over 1 year of follow up, and ocular abnormalities in bloom syndrome were reviewed from the literature. RESULTS: A 39 year old man with a rare autosomal recessive "chromosome breakage" syndrome was followed. A variety of ocular findings have been reported in bloom syndrome; this patient had hard drusen in both maculae, non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and haemorrhagic retinopathy as a herald of acute lymphocytic leukaemia. CONCLUSIONS: bloom syndrome is a rare disorder of genomic instability, in which a variety of ocular abnormalities have been found. Described here are multiple retinal manifestations arising from characteristic systemic associations of diabetes mellitus and leukaemia, as well as macular hard drusen.
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ranking = 59273.985703619
keywords = chromosome breakage, breakage, chromosome
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5/7. Cytogenetic study in a mentally retarded child with bloom syndrome and acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

    bloom syndrome (BS) was diagnosed in a 7-year-old boy during hospitalization for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The patient had most of the signs of BS along with some atypical manifestations: absence of telangiectases, obesity, and moderate mental retardation. Results of the cytogenetic studies were fully consistent with the diagnosis of BS: the occurrence of quadriradial figures and a very high incidence of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE). This child's ALL was of non-B, non-T type with the presence, at the time of diagnosis, of a marrow clone including two markers. A Yq - chromosome was detected in about 10% of PHA-stimulated lymphocytes but neither in bone marrow cells nor in skin fibroblasts. This case is the fifth instance of ALL out of 104 registered cases of BS.
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keywords = chromosome
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6/7. retinoblastoma in association with the chromosome breakage syndromes Fanconi's anaemia and Bloom's syndrome: clinical and cytogenetic findings.

    Two children presenting with sporadic unilateral retinoblastoma and exhibiting a high degree of chromosome breakage were noted to have unusual facies, microcephaly and abnormal skin pigmentation. In the first child the pattern of both spontaneous and mitomycin-C-induced chromosome breakage was characteristic of Fanconi's anaemia although the degree of breakage was extreme. She also exhibited a striking increase in X-ray-induced chromosomal damage in G0 lymphocytes as measured by dicentric formation and increase in chromatid-type aberrations. She had a number of typical clinical features, including cafe-au-lait patches and abnormalities involving the kidney; however, she demonstrated neither the hypoplasia of radius and thumb nor the typical aplastic phase of this disorder. At age 22 months the child became anaemic with trilineage myelodysplasia, which was rapidly followed by the development of acute myeloblastic leukaemia. The early onset (at age 4 months) of retinoblastoma may have been associated with the underlying genomic instability. The second child exhibited a pattern of chromosome breakage characteristic of Bloom's syndrome, in addition to a moderate increase in damage induced by mytomycin-C. She had the typical stunted growth and malar hypoplasia of Bloom's syndrome although she did not demonstrate the frequently described erythematous 'butterfly rash' Although patients with Fanconi's anaemia and Bloom's syndrome are recognised to be at an increased risk of cancer, retinoblastoma has not previously been described in patients with either condition. We suggest that underlying recessive chromosome breakage syndromes may be underdiagnosed in paediatric cancer patients, with important implications for prognosis and genetic counselling.
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ranking = 94932.295450632
keywords = chromosome breakage, breakage, chromosome
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7/7. bloom syndrome and maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 15.

    bloom syndrome (BS) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by increases in the frequency of sister-chromatid exchange and in the incidence of malignancy. Chromosome-transfer studies have shown the BS locus to map to chromosome 15q. This report describes a subject with features of both BS and prader-willi syndrome (PWS). Molecular analysis showed maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 15. Meiotic recombination between the two disomic chromosomes 15 has resulted in heterodisomy for proximal 15q and isodisomy for distal 15q. In this individual BS is probably due to homozygosity for a gene that is telomeric to D15S95 (15q25), rather than to genetic imprinting, the mechanism responsible for the development of PWS. This report represents the first application of disomy analysis to the regional localization of a disease gene. This strategy promises to be useful in the genetic mapping of other uncommon autosomal recessive conditions.
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ranking = 7
keywords = chromosome
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