Cases reported "Bone Marrow Neoplasms"

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1/2. diagnosis of disseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma using cytogenetics: case report.

    The clinical, histologic and cytogenetic features of a patient with the alveolar subtype of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) were investigated. The patient presented with a widely disseminated tumour including bone marrow involvement, and was a diagnostic dilemma. The presence of translocation (2;13)(q37;q14), which is strongly associated with alveolar RMS helped make the diagnosis. A review of other published cases confirms the strong association of (2;13) with alveolar RMS. The importance of considering RMS as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with disseminated tumour as the only finding is stressed. This case also shows how cytogenetic investigation of similar patients may provide a diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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2/2. hypercalcemia and local production of parathyroid hormone-related protein by a perisellar rhabdomyosarcoma after remote pituitary irradiation.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma originating from the sphenoid sinus in a patient previously treated with conventional irradiation for a prolactinoma, presenting as hypercalcemia in the setting of a normal level of serum parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP). methods: We report the case of a patient who underwent remote pituitary irradiation for a prolactinoma and then presented decades later with hypercalcemia of unknown cause. His clinical course, the initial biochemical and radiologic investigations, and the results of examination of pathology specimens are reviewed. RESULTS: The patient was found to have a mass in the sphenoid sinus. The pathologic features were consistent with alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Although he had a normal serum PTHrP level, staining of his tumor with an antibody against PTHrP revealed local production of PTHrP at the tumor margins. His bone marrow biopsy specimen showed 100% involvement with rhabdomyosarcoma. CONCLUSION: PTHrP staining of pathology specimens might explain hypercalcemia of undetermined cause in patients with a known malignant lesion, in whom elevated serum PTHrP levels cannot be demonstrated.
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ranking = 1.3647466004266
keywords = rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar
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