Cases reported "Bone Neoplasms"

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11/2820. Bone giant cell tumour in neuropathological practice. A fifty year overview.

    We report a case of a 29-year-old female patient who suffered from visual disturbance, resulting from a lesion in the sphenoid bone which, histologically, proved to be a giant cell tumour. Reviewing our laboratory practice over a 50 year period, only 7 cases of true giant cell tumour were found and they were in two major locations, i.e. the skull and vertebrae. These few cases led us to focus on the problem raised by the lack of histological patterns of malignancy. In agreement with Mazabraud's theory, it seems that a vertebral location is associated with a good prognosis and that gene mapping of chromosome 17 in relation to p53 mutations could be a valuable tool in the diagnosis of potential malignant behaviour.
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12/2820. Extramedullary tumors of myeloid blasts in adults as a pattern of relapse following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.

    BACKGROUND: Extramedullary tumors of lymphoid and myeloid blasts outside the well-defined sanctuaries following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) are rare. Little is known about the biology, treatment, and outcome of these tumors in this setting. methods: In this retrospective analysis, 134 consecutive patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who underwent allo-BMT at a single institution between 1990 and 1998 were reviewed. Five cases of isolated extramedullary myeloid sarcoma that occurred as patterns of recurrence following allo-BMT between 1990 and 1998 are reported. These patients were treated with radiotherapy, systemic chemotherapy, or a second allo-BMT. Clinical outcome is compared with posttransplantation bone marrow relapses observed during the same period at the same institution. The literature on the clinical characteristics, currently available treatment, and outcome of posttransplantation myeloid sarcoma patients was reviewed. RESULTS: Excluding isolated skin and central nervous system recurrences, the frequency of extramedullary myeloid sarcoma encountered as a relapse pattern following allo-BMT was determined to be 3.7% among patients with acute or chronic leukemia of myeloid origin. The survival of patients who were managed with radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy was less than 4 months. A patient who underwent a second allo-BMT following local radiotherapy is alive and in complete remission more than 33 months after the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma. The median survival of 17 patients with posttransplantation bone marrow relapse following allo-BMT was 2.2 months. When posttransplantation medullary recurrences are analyzed, patients with CML had a median survival of 12 months, with a significantly better 5-year survival rate than patients with AML (0 vs. 60%, P = 0.015; median survival, 12 months). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical outcomes of patients with recurrent isolated extramedullary myeloid sarcoma following allo-BMT are poor, as in any leukemic relapse, with the exception of patients with CML in this setting.
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keywords = bone
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13/2820. Atypical decubital fibroplasia associated with bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's reaction).

    We describe recurring bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's reaction) associated with atypical decubital fibroplasia in the region of the greater trochanter of the femur in a 52-year-old man. We hypothesize that these two recently introduced entities may represent two forms of tissue response to injury (ischemia) inducing proliferative reaction of bone and cartilage in the vicinity of periosteum, and necroses with hyperplastic granulation tissue and myxoid stroma in the subcutaneous tissues.
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14/2820. Differential diagnosis of metastases in bone scans: chemotherapy induced bone necrosis.

    AIM: Influenced by the incorrect diagnosis of a bone metastasis caused by bone necrosis we evaluated reasons and frequency of bone necrosis in patients referred for bone scanning in follow-up of tumors. methods: Bone scans performed within two years on patients with primary bone tumors or tumors metastatic to bone were reviewed in respect to the final diagnosis bone necrosis. RESULTS: We found the cases of three young patients who presented the appearance of hot spots on bone scintigrams which were finally diagnosed as bone necrosis. In two cases the diagnosis was based on histological findings, in one case the diagnosis was made evident by follow-up. All the three patients had been treated by chemotherapy and presented no other reason for the development of bone necrosis. Enhanced tracer uptake in all sites decreased within eight weeks up to two years without therapy. CONCLUSION: Single and multiple hot spots after chemotherapy may be originated by bone necrosis but mimicry metastases.
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keywords = bone
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15/2820. Pelvic and lumbar metastasis detected by bone scintigraphy in malignant pleural mesothelioma.

    A case of a 43-year-old man suffering from pleural mesothelioma with distant bone metastasis is reported. The results of bone scintigraphy and NMR findings allowed the diagnosis. The current case describes a hematogenous metastasis to the pelvis and vertebral column from a malignant pleural mesothelioma that was detected initially by bone scintigraphy.
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ranking = 7
keywords = bone
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16/2820. Bone marrow metastases in disseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma: case report with ultrastructural study and review.

    A case of desseminated alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in an 18-year-old male with leuco-erythroblastic anaemia is described. Numerous bizarre malignant cells, including frequent multinucleated giant cells, were seen in bone marrow aspirates, and osteolytic lesions appeared late in the clinical course. The primary site of the neoplasm remained undertermined during life and also at necropsy, which revealed minute pulmonary metastases and extensive lymph nodal, pleural and skeletal deposits. The diagnosis was confirmed on necropsy tissue by ultrastructural examination which demonstrated numerous thin (5 nm) and thick (15 nm) intracytoplasmic filaments in tumour cells, sometimes organized in bundles; scattered dense Z-band-like bodies, and rod-shaped structures were also seen. The fine structure of the rhabdomyosarcoma in the present case is compared with previous ultrastructural studies. Elongated, thick intracytoplasmic filaments whose diameter corresponds to that of myosin myofilaments are strong evidence for rhabdomyoblastic differentiation and are considered to be the sine qua non of a positive electron microscopic diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma. Orgaized bundles of filaments and Z-band-like dense bodies are usually present, and rod-shaped structures are found infrequently, but none of these are necessary for the ultrastructural diagnosis.
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17/2820. Painless osteoid osteoma in a metacarpal.

    Osteoid osteoma is a benign primary tumour of bone occurring in the first two decades of life. It presents with pain and is uncommon in the hand, particularly so in the metacarpals. We report a painless osteoid osteoma affecting a metacarpal.
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18/2820. Pseudosarcoma in Paget's disease of bone.

    The appearance of a sarcoma of bone is a well-recognized complication of Paget's disease. The most common type of such a sarcoma is osteosarcoma. Much less common are soft tissue lesions adjoining the pagetic bone that clinically and radiologically simulate sarcoma but histologically represent exaggerated periosteal bone formation as a manifestation of the basic pathologic process. We present a case of a bulky juxtacortical soft tissue mass in the thigh arising from a pagetic femur in a 62-year-old patient with polyostotic Paget's disease that was clinically and radiologically suspected to be a juxtacortical osteosarcoma. Microscopically, the lesion showed features of florid Paget's disease without any evidence of sarcomatous growth. It is important to be aware of this rare manifestation of Paget's disease to avoid unnecessary overtreatment.
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ranking = 7
keywords = bone
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19/2820. Endovascular papillary angioendothelioma (Dabska tumor) of bone.

    Endovascular papillary angioendothelioma, also known as Dabska tumor, is a rare vascular neoplasm that usually involves the skin or subcutaneous tissue of children. There have been no reported cases of this lesion occurring in bone. We report a Dabska tumor in the distal femur of a 45-year-old woman who, clinically and radiologically, was felt to have an osteoid osteoma. Histologic study of the lesion showed a hemangioma with budding fronds of endothelial cells, a feature characteristic of the Dabska tumor. We feel that the lesion arose in a pre-existing hemangioma, a hypothesis suggested in a few other case reports. Endovascular papillary angioendothelioma is a low-grade malignant neoplasm, although only one patient has died due to this lesion. Our patient is asymptomatic without evidence of recurrence 1 year post curettage.
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keywords = bone
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20/2820. Parosteal osteosarcoma of a metatarsal with intramedullary invasion.

    A 70-year-old man presented with increasing swelling of 2 years' duration, on the dorsal aspect of the forefoot. Imaging studies revealed a heavily calcified surface lesion of bone with early invasion of the underlying second metatarsal. Both imaging findings and the subsequent resection histology were consistent with a parosteal osteosarcoma, which is particularly rare at this site and at this age. The differential diagnosis of a mineralizing surface lesion of bone arising in the foot is discussed.
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ranking = 2
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