Cases reported "Bone Neoplasms"

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1/2820. Intra-articular metastatic melanoma of the right knee.

    melanoma can metastasize to almost every organ and tissue. Although bone metastases have been reported frequently, the authors are aware of only a single report of intra-articular synovial metastasis. A case of metastatic melanoma, mimicking degenerative medial meniscal tear of the right knee, is presented. Further examination revealed asymptomatic metastases in the liver, subcutaneous tissue, and left trochanter minor. Arthroscopic examination revealed widespread synovial metastasis and a palliative arthroscopic synovectomy was performed.
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2/2820. Bone metastases from bronchial carcinoid tumors. Two case-reports.

    Two case-reports of metastatic bone disease in patients with bronchial carcinoid tumors illustrate the diagnostic challenges raised by these slowly-growing malignancies of which the primary frequently escapes early identification. The first patient had the typical picture of a primary with a single bone metastasis. Unusual features in the second patient were the large number of bone metastases, involvement of distal skeletal sites, and elevation of serotonin and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid levels.
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keywords = bone
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3/2820. Radiologic case study. Primary lymphoma of bone.

    Distinguishing primary lymphoma of bone from disseminated lymphoma and similar appearing bone malignancies is important because of its better prognosis. It is also important to remember how indolent the process can be even in the face of massive bone involvement. Early recognition of this rare entity can increase patient survival.
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keywords = bone
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4/2820. Pseudoanaplastic giant cell tumor of bone.

    Marked nuclear atypia can be found in a variety of benign mesenchymal tumors, including ancient schwannomas, symplastic leiomyomas, osteoblastomas, and chondromyxoid fibromas. Such nuclear atypia is believed to represent a degenerative phenomenon and does not indicate aggressive behavior. Separation of these pleomorphic but benign lesions from true sarcomas may be difficult. We are aware of only one prior description of such degenerative atypia in benign giant cell tumor of bone. We report a benign giant cell tumor of bone arising in the sacrum of a 21-year-old white female. Preoperative embolization of this lesion had been performed, and subsequent curetting revealed marked atypia suggestive of an anaplastic malignancy. However, only very rare mitotic figures were present, and the radiographs were consistent with a benign giant cell tumor. A diagnosis of benign giant cell tumor was made, and no recurrence or metastases have been observed during the 4-year postoperative period.
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keywords = bone
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5/2820. Intracortical osteoblastic osteosarcoma with oncogenic rickets.

    Intracortical osteosarcoma is the rarest variant of osteosarcoma, occurring within, and usually confined to, the cortical bone. Oncogenic osteomalacia, or rickets, is an unusual clinicopathologic entity in which vitamin d-resistant osteomalacia, or rickets, occurs in association with some tumors of soft tissue or bone. We present a case of oncogenic rickets associated with intracortical osteosarcoma of the tibia in a 9-year-old boy, whose roentgenographic abnormalities of rickets disappeared and pertinent laboratory data except for serum alkaline phosphatase became normal after surgical resection of the tumor. Histologically, the tumor was an osteosarcoma with a prominent osteoblastic pattern. An unusual microscopic feature was the presence of matrix mineralization showing rounded calcified structures (calcified spherules). Benign osteoblastic tumors, such as osteoid osteoma and osteoblastoma, must be considered in the differential diagnosis because of the relatively low cellular atypia and mitotic activity of this tumor. The infiltrating pattern with destruction or engulfment of normal bone is a major clue to the correct diagnosis of intracortical osteosarcoma. The co-existing radiographic changes of rickets were due to the intracortical osteosarcoma.
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keywords = bone
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6/2820. Bone tumors in the pelvis presenting growth during pregnancy.

    Among 56 cases of a giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) and 52 cases of chondrosarcoma (CSA) in our series, four patients were discovered to have a tumor in the pelvic bone that grew in size during pregnancy. These four rare cases are described here. They include three cases of a GCT in the sacrum and one case of a CSA in the innominate bone. The dextran-coated charcoal assay and immunohistochemical techniques demonstrated the independence of these tumors from hormonal regulation despite the growth stimulated during pregnancy. It was concluded that the delay in detection of these tumors in the pelvis was just related to the opportunity afforded for unexpected growth during pregnancy. Surgical management was difficult due to the delay in tumor detection. The initial complaints such as pain, discomfort, or numbness around the pelvis were misinterpreted as symptoms of pregnancy. It should be kept in mind that during pregnancy, any pain or numbness in the pelvic region could be the direct result of a tumor in the pelvic bone.
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keywords = bone
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7/2820. Alveolar soft part sarcoma involving the ilium. A case report.

    A report of alveolar soft part sarcoma of the hip region with extension to the ilium is presented to highlight an unusual presentation for this sarcoma and to discuss the treatment options for limb salvage for large malignant neoplasma involving the periacetabular region of the pelvis. A review of the literature for reports of alveolar soft part sarcoma extending to bone is presented.
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keywords = bone
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8/2820. Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma with solitary bone location associated to multiple lung and liver lesions. A case report.

    Progressive development of a lobulated osteolytic lesion of the left calcaneus was observed in a 28-year-old woman. The bone tumor was associated with multiple lung nodules and later with a few small nodular liver lesions. A histological and immunochemical diagnosis of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma was obtained by bone tumor resection and thoracoscopic lung biopsy. Imaging aspects are reported with emphasis on its multifocality.
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keywords = bone
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9/2820. Bone metastases from a paraganglioma. A review of five cases.

    Paragangliomas are infrequent, usually benign tumors developed from neuroectoderm cells. The neck is the most common location, although some cases arise within the abdominal cavity, usually in the retroperitoneal space. We report five cases with bone metastases. In three patients, convincing evidence was obtained that the primary was in the retroperitoneal space. Clinical manifestations of metastatic bone disease occurred up to 17 years after the diagnosis of paraganglioma. Useful data were obtained from plain radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging, serum and urine catecholamine assays, and above all meta 123iodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy. Histologic and immunohistochemical studies of the lesion yielded the definite diagnosis. Surgery and radiation therapy are the two mainstays of therapy. Although rare, metastatic forms of paraganglioma should be borne in mind. This diagnosis should be entertained in patients with bone lesions and recent-onset arterial hypertension, irrespective of whether they report a history of surgery for a tumor, and even if this tumor was removed many years earlier and labeled benign.
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ranking = 3
keywords = bone
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10/2820. Peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors of bone. A review of three cases.

    The recently individualized and still incompletely understood family of peripheral neuroectodermal tumors encompasses several tumor types, of which some have a predilection for bone. Immunocytochemical studies are essential and usually provide the diagnosis. A t(11;22)(q24;q12) translocation is present in over 80% of cases. Ewing's sarcoma is now viewed as an undifferentiated form of peripheral neuroectodermal tumor, and both tumors require management with combination chemotherapy plus radiation therapy and/or surgery. Contradictory data have been reported regarding the comparative prognosis of peripheral neuroectodermal tumor and Ewing's sarcoma, indicating a need for further studies in large numbers of patients. We illustrate these points by three case-reports, two in girls diagnosed with a vertebral primary at five and nine years of age, respectively, and one in a man diagnosed with a pelvic primary at 29 years of age.
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ranking = 5
keywords = bone
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