Cases reported "Bone Neoplasms"

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11/47. Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (Nora's lesion): a retrospective study of 12 cases, 2 arising in long bones.

    Twelve cases of bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP), also known as Nora's lesion, are reported. Ten lesions were located in the small bones of the hands, and 2 were located in long bones (femur and proximal tibia). Patient age ranged from 12 to 63 years (average, 30.3 years). radiography of the lesions in the hand bones showed calcific masses attached to the underlying cortex, without interruption of the latter. The long bone lesions revealed unusual findings. In the femur, BPOP presented with extensive cortical destruction and was suggestive of a malignant lesion. This presentation has not been described to date. In the tibia, the lesion was located in the soft tissue without cortical attachment. This type of BPOP probably represents an immature lesion that over time will mature to solid cortical attachment. On histologic examination, all lesions demonstrated 3 distinct components with variable degrees of representation: (1) hypercellular cartilage with calcification and ossification, with the calcified cartilage having a characteristic basophilic tinctorial quality; (2) cancellous bone undergoing maturation; and (3) spindle cell stroma without cytologic atypia. In 1 case with a long-standing history, the cartilaginous component was minimal. BPOP, together with florid reactive periostitis and turret exostosis, may represent different stages in the development of a posttraumatic proliferative process. BPOP apparently arises from the periosteal tissues through a process of cartilaginous metaplasia.
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keywords = exostosis
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12/47. Unusual presentation of rib exostosis.

    We report two cases of unusual presentation of rib exostosis. The first patient presented acutely with hemorrhagic shock due to massive hemothorax, and the second patient presented with repetitive chest infection complicated by empyema. In both patients, preoperative computed tomographic (CT) scan of the chest revealed rib exostoses, necessitating thoracotomy and rib resection.
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ranking = 5
keywords = exostosis
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13/47. An unusual cause of hiccup: costal exostosis. Treatment by video-assisted thoracic surgery.

    The described case is of a 15-year-old boy who presented with a persistent hiccup and repeated episodes of left-sided chest pain. At computed tomography scan an exostosis originating from the costo-chondral junction of the left 4th rib was seen. The tip of the exostosis reached the external surface of the pericardium. Removal of a 2 cm rib segment including the implantation basis of the exostosis was achieved by video-assisted thoracic surgery. Symptoms disappeared after surgery. This report shows an exceptional symptom of costal exostosis.
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ranking = 8
keywords = exostosis
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14/47. ankle swelling in a 6-year-old boy with unusual presentation: report of a rare case.

    A 6-year-old boy with a history of pain and swelling in the right ankle was referred to our medical center. A cascading algorithm helped us to better evaluate this case of an osteochondroma of talus. The diagnosis was based on clinical and radiologic findings and on histopathologic analysis of the excised tissue. Although osteochondroma, or osteocartilaginous exostosis, is a common skeletal neoplasm, it is rarely seen in the foot. The rare location, a young age group, and an inexperienced surgeon may make the diagnosis confusing. We presented a case that shows the importance of an orderly evaluation of a musculoskeletal neoplasm. This may be helpful for the physician to better understand the clinical implications of any case before attempting a surgical intervention.
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keywords = exostosis
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15/47. Parosteal lipoma of the proximal radius: a report of five cases.

    Parosteal lipoma of the proximal radius is a benign, slow-growing tumor. It may cause compression of either the posterior interosseous or the superficial branch of the radial nerve. Surgical excision usually leads to complete recovery. Five cases of parosteal lipoma of the proximal radius are presented. X-ray films demonstrated a radiolucent mass in contact with the radius. Two patients had signs of posterior interosseous nerve compression, and two showed signs of superficial radial nerve compression. In one case the lipoma surrounded an exostosis arising from the proximal radius. The tumors were excised in four patients. The three patients with neurologic involvement recovered fully. One patient refused surgery, and posterior interosseous nerve paralysis developed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = exostosis
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16/47. Osteoid osteoma simulating an osteocartilaginous exostosis.

    We describe a case of osteoid osteoma in the tibia of a 3-year-old patient who presented with a clinical and radiographic picture that suggested an exostosis. The formation of osteoid osteoma with a radiographic picture similar to that of osteophytes or exostosis has been previously documented only rarely. The authors hypothesize that the exostosis-like formation observed was actually the calcification of soft tissues that formed after the intense periosteal inflammatory reaction caused by the osteoid osteoma. As a result of its peculiar clinical and radiographic presentation, diagnosis of this lesion was delayed. Being located close to the medial growth plate of the tibia, it caused lengthening of the limb with a pronounced valgus deviation of the knee. An excisional biopsy provided histological evidence, clinical resolution and immediate pain relief, but incomplete resolution of the valgus deformity of the knee.
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ranking = 7
keywords = exostosis
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17/47. Resolution of severe, adolescent-onset hypophosphatemic rickets following resection of an FGF-23-producing tumour of the distal ulna.

    Oncogenic hypophosphatemic osteomalacia (OHO) is an uncommon hypophosphatemic syndrome characterized by bone pain, proximal muscle weakness and rickets. It has been postulated that OHO results from overproduction of a humoral phosphaturic factor by an occult tumour. Recently, some OHO tumours have been shown to elaborate fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), which causes renal phosphate wasting when administered to mice. The purpose of this study was to undertake detailed investigations to confirm the diagnosis of OHO in a pediatric patient and to document the biochemical, radiographic and bone histological phenotype before and after tumour removal. We describe an 11-year-old, previously healthy girl with significant pain and functional disability associated with hypophosphatemic rickets. Circulating 1,25-(OH)(2) vitamin d was very low (14 pM; N: 40-140) while the FGF-23 serum level was markedly elevated [359.5 reference units (RU)/ml, N: 33-105]. An iliac bone biopsy revealed severe osteomalacia, but periosteocytic lesions, as are typical for X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets, were not seen. Sequence analyses of the PHEX and FGF23 genes were normal. A radiographic skeletal survey revealed a small exostosis of the left, distal ulnar metaphysis. A tumour was subsequently removed from this site and the pathology was consistent with benign, fibro-osseous tissue. serum FGF-23 was normal when measured at 7 h post-operatively, while serum phosphate reached the low-normal range at 16 days following surgery. An iliac bone biopsy taken 5 months after the operation showed improvement, but not yet resolution, of the osteomalacia. Biochemical parameters of bone and mineral metabolism suggested that complete resolution of the osteomalacia was not achieved until 12 months following surgery. One year after tumour removal, the patient was pain-free and had resumed a normal level of activity. The rapid normalization of FGF-23 levels following removal of a benign tumour and the subsequent improvement in the biochemical and histological parameters of bone and mineral metabolism suggest that FGF-23 played a key role in this girl's disease.
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keywords = exostosis
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18/47. A case report of osteochondroma of the frontotemporosphenoidal suture.

    Osteochondroma, also known as osteocartilaginous exostosis, is the most frequent benign bone tumour of the skeletal system. Despite its preference for long bones (tibia and femur), osteochondroma may occur in some short bones developing endochondral ossification. Seventy-five percent of the patients present only with a single lesion, whereas 25% have multiple lesions; this last clinical condition, defined as osteochondromatosis (disorder of autosomal dominant inheritance) shows a high risk of malignant transformation (about 11%). In the craniofacial area this tumour is very rare. The sites of predilection are the coronoid process and mandibular condyle, even though osteochondromas arising from the base of the skull, maxillary sinus and zygomatic arch have been previously described. However, an osteochondroma originating from the frontotemporosphenoidal suture has not been reported before in the literature. We present a unique case of osteochondroma of the frontotemporosphenoidal suture. Moreover, the relevant international literature has been reviewed and all diagnostic and surgical matters have been discussed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = exostosis
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19/47. Solitary asymptomatic nodule of the great toe.

    Subungual exostosis is a benign osteocartilaginous tumor of the ungual apparatus, particularly of the toes. It affects both sexes equally, more frequently in the second and third decades of life. We describe a 6-year-old girl who came to our attention because of the enlargement of a pinkish nodule in the distal part of the nail bed of the first toe, progressively elevating the nail plate. history, X-ray imaging and histopathologic examination led us to confirm our clinical suspicion, excluding any other possible cause of the subungual mass. The peculiar features of this clinical entity, and the possibility of effective treatment by practical surgical techniques, are discussed.
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keywords = exostosis
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20/47. Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation with a t(1;17) translocation.

    Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) is a benign lesion that tends to recur repeatedly. Histologically, BPOP contains three components (cartilage, bone, and spindle cells) in differing amounts. The histological findings of BPOP are similar to those of florid reactive periostitis (FRP) and subungual (Dupuytren's) exostosis. Some authors have postulated that all of these conditions are reactive proliferative lesions representing different phases of reactive processes. Whether BPOP is a reactive proliferative lesion or a neoplastic lesion, however, remains controversial. Recently, a t(1;17)(q32;q21) translocation in BPOP was detected using chromosome banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analyses. Here, we describe a 39-year-old Japanese female with BPOP arising in the proximal phalanx of her third toe. A cytogenetic analysis revealed a t(1;17)(q 42;q23) translocation. The breakpoints in this case are located close to those of previously reported cases. These results suggest that t(1;17) is a distinct translocation of BPOP and that BPOP is a neoplastic lesion, rather than a reactive proliferative process.
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ranking = 1
keywords = exostosis
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