Cases reported "Bone Resorption"

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1/198. Cranio-orbital-temporal neurofibromatosis: are we treating the whole problem?

    Cranio-orbital-temporal neurofibromatosis is an uncommon subtype of neurofibromatosis 1 characterized by pulsatile exophthalmos, orbital neurofibromas, sphenoid wing dysplasia, expansion of the temporal fossa, and herniation of the temporal lobe into the orbit. The cause of the sphenoid wing dysplasia is uncertain. Reconstruction of the sphenoid defect, separating the orbit and cranial vault, has been problematic because of resorption of bone grafts. This reports illustrates one potential cause of the sphenoid defect and a possible cause of the bone graft resorption.
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keywords = resorption
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2/198. rehabilitation of patients with reconstructed mandibles using osseointegrated implants: clinical report.

    Experience with 9 patients who underwent mandibular reconstruction with autogenous free bone grafts and subsequent placement of titanium screw-type implants is reported. The interval between bone grafting and implant placement in these patients ranged from 8 to 34 months. A total of 33 implants was placed, followed up for 16 to 53 months, and achieved an 85% survival rate. Analysis of these patients reveals that the type of bone graft used is integral to successful prosthodontic reconstruction to ensure viability and minimal resorption as well as the timing of implant placement.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = resorption
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3/198. Study of the cell biology and biochemistry of cherubism.

    AIMS: To establish whether the multinucleate cells in lesions of patients with cherubism are also osteoclasts and if this is the case whether they were responsive to calcitonin; to carry out cytogenetic studies on two members of the same family affected by cherubism in an attempt to identify any major chromosomal defects; and to perform an in-depth modern biochemical study of four children in the same family. SUBJECTS AND methods: Four related children with cherubism were studied. Tissue taken from one of the children at elective decompression of an optic nerve was submitted to in vitro bone resorption studies. Cytogenetic studies were done on two of the children and biochemical studies on all four. RESULTS: The multinucleate cells in the cherubic lesions were shown to be osteoclasts since they synthesised tartrate resistant acid phosphatase, expressed the vitronectin receptor, and resorbed bone. bone resorption by the cultured multinucleate cells was significantly inhibited by calcitonin. High resolution cytogenetic studies failed to detect any chromosomal abnormalities in two children with cherubism. The biochemistry profile of all four children with cherubism showed that serum calcium, parathyroid hormone, parathyroid related hormone, calcitonin, and alkaline phosphatase were within normal levels. urine analysis of pyridinium and deoxypyridinium cross links, hydroxyproline, and calcium in relation to urine creatinine were measured to assess bone resorption in these children, and the values were at the upper end of the normal range in all four. CONCLUSIONS: Further studies are required to determine whether calcitonin treatment will control this grossly deforming disease until the time when the physiological changes that occur at puberty rectify the pathology. It is not recommended that biochemical markers of bone resorption are used in isolation to monitor the activity of cherubism in individuals because the results are based on a small number of children and because of reports of marked interindividual variation in the levels of these markers, particularly in children.
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ranking = 2
keywords = resorption
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4/198. Bilateral condylar resorption in dermatomyositis: a case report.

    polymyositis is an inflammatory disease commonly affecting the striated muscle. When it is accompanied by characteristic skin lesions, the condition is called dermatomyositis. Bilateral condylar resorption has been reported with autoimmune conditions and chronic systemic steroids. We report the first documented case of bilateral condylar resorption in a patient with dermatomyositis. Possible etiologic factors and treatment outcomes are discussed.
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ranking = 3
keywords = resorption
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5/198. bone resorption of the proximal phalanx after tendon pulley reconstruction.

    A 35-year-old male worker sustained a degloving injury of the left hand. An abdominal flap was used for skin coverage. Tenolysis and reconstruction of the A2 pulley was done using a procedure based on the 3-loop technique, which was modified by putting the tendon loop under the extensor apparatus and periosteum. X-ray revealed hourglass-shaped bone resorption around the proximal phalanx, just under the reconstructed pulley. Diaphyseal narrowing remained present in follow-up x-rays obtained 9 and 10 years later. The remodeling of the resorption was poor. Too much pressure may have caused this bone resorption from the shortened pulley and the circulatory deprivation may have been caused by the dissected periosteum and blocking by the surrounding tendon loop. The degloving injury, which also deprived the digits of a blood supply, may have been an additional underlying risk factor. We recommend that future comparative studies of pulley reconstruction take into account mechanical effectiveness as well as force distribution.
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ranking = 3.5
keywords = resorption
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6/198. Idiopathic condylar resorption: diagnosis, treatment protocol, and outcomes.

    Idiopathic condylar resorption is a poorly understood progressive disease that affects the TMJ and that can result in malocclusion, facial disfigurement, TMJ dysfunction, and pain. This article presents the diagnostic criteria for idiopathic condylar resorption and a new treatment protocol for management of this pathologic condition. Idiopathic condylar resorption most often occurs in teenage girls but can occur at any age, although rarely over the age of 40 years. These patients have a common facial morphology including: (1) high occlusal and mandibular plane angles, (2) progressively retruding mandible, and (3) Class II occlusion with or without open bite. Imaging usually demonstrates small resorbing condyles and TMJ articular disk dislocations. A specific treatment protocol has been developed to treat this condition that includes: (1) removal of hyperplastic synovial and bilaminar tissue; (2) disk repositioning and ligament repair; and (3) indicated orthognathic surgery to correct the functional and esthetic facial deformity. patients with this condition respond well to the treatment protocol presented herein with elimination of the disease process. Two cases are presented to demonstrate this treatment protocol and outcomes that can be achieved. Idiopathic condylar resorption is a progressive disease that can be eliminated with the appropriate treatment protocol.
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ranking = 4
keywords = resorption
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7/198. Progressive bone resorption after pathological fracture of the femoral neck in Hunter's syndrome.

    We report a case of Hunter's syndrome associated with a transverse fracture of the left femoral neck after minor trauma, followed by progressive resorption of the femoral head at 12 years of age and a stress fracture of the right femoral neck at 16 years of age. MRI performed at 15 years of age revealed intra-articular low intensity on T1-weighted and T2-weighted images of both hip joints. The MR finding may represent fibrous synovial thickening, which caused pressure erosion of the femoral neck, resultant pathological and/or stress fractures, and subsequent osteonecrosis with rapid absorption of the femoral head.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = resorption
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8/198. Severe osteoporosis in familial hajdu-cheney syndrome: progression of acro-osteolysis and osteoporosis during long-term follow-up.

    hajdu-cheney syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited osteodysplastic bone disease with the hallmarks of acro-osteolysis, skull deformations, and generalized osteoporosis. Very few patients have been followed long-term with respect to the prognosis of acro-osteolysis and osteoporosis. Here we describe a 39-year-old woman and her 19-year-old daughter who are both affected with the hajdu-cheney syndrome. Skeletal lesions were followed in the mother between the ages of 22 and 39 years. The acro-osteolytic lesions progressed markedly and caused shortening of several fingers; some end phalanges had completely disappeared. Severe spinal osteoporosis with serial vertebral fractures was found at the age of 22 years. New vertebral fractures developed until the age of 33 years, but did not progress afterward. High turnover osteoporosis was found in the bone histology of iliac crest biopsies performed at the ages of 22 and 34 years. Bone mineral content (BMC) was strikingly decreased at the age of 34 years (T score -5.1 SD) and did not significantly change during further follow-up. In the daughter, BMC failed to increase between the ages of 12 and 19 years and was also markedly decreased (T score -4.4 SD). This suggests that osteoporosis in hajdu-cheney syndrome is related to a low peak bone mass and a high bone turnover, leading to insufficient bone formation compared with the increased bone resorption.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = resorption
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9/198. A morphological study of bone and articular cartilage in ochronosis.

    An ochronotic femoral head has been studied morphologically under the light and the electron microscope. Its articular cartilage showed the alterations already reported in the literature, mainly consisting of erosions of the surface, pigment accumulation in chondrocytes and intercellular matrix, chondrocyte degeneration, the formation of pigmented, calcified and uncalcified microshards, and the presence of granulation tissue with macrophagic cells. The changes in bone were less severe than those in cartilage. Pigment was present in the calcified matrix. This did not seem to disturb the organization of the bone tissue, although it was diffusely osteoporotic, perhaps because of limb disuse. The preservation of calcified matrix might depend on the fact that its collagen fibrils are encrusted by mineral substance, which avoids the dangerous effects that the deposition of ochronotic pigment induces in the fibrils of soft connective tissues. On the other hand, the newly formed osteoid matrix remains uncalcified for too short a time to be modified by the pigment. Diffuse or granular pigmentation was found in a few osteocytes, while several of them were condensed or reduced to cellular fragments. bone resorption often occurred near these osteocytes. However, this did not seem to alter the degree of bone remodelling, possibly because of the relatively low numbers of degenerated or dead osteocytes. Pigment was also contained in the cytoplasmic vacuoles of otherwise active osteoclasts, whereas it was not found in osteoblasts. On the whole, ochronosis in bone seems to induce the same changes as in other connective tissues. However, their severity appears to be limited by calcification, which prevents modifications in collagen fibrils, and by bone remodelling, which to some extent eliminates the oldest, pigment-richest parts of the tissue.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = resorption
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10/198. Recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-7 as an intracorporal bone growth stimulator in unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures in humans: preliminary results.

    The study presented here is a pilot study in five patients with unstable thoracolumbar spine fractures treated with transpedicular OP-1 transplantation, short segment instrumentation and posterolateral fusion. Recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-7 in combination with a collagen carrier, also referred to as OP-1, has demonstrated ability to induce healing in long-bone segmental defects in dogs, rabbits and monkeys and to induce successful posterolateral spinal fusion in dogs without need for autogenous bone graft. Furthermore OP-1 has been demonstrated to be effective as a bone graft substitute when performing the PLIF maneuver in a sheep model. Five patients with single-level unstable burst fracture and no neurological impairment were treated with intracorporal OP-1 transplantation, posterior fixation (USS) and posterolateral fusion. One patient with osteomalacia and an L2 burst fracture had an additional intracorporal transplantation performed proximal to the instrumented segment, i.e. OP-1 into T 12 and autogenous bone into T 11. Follow-up time was 12-18 months. On serial radiographs, Cobb and kyphotic angles, as well as anterior, middle and posterior column heights, were measured. Serial CT scans were performed to determine the bone mineral density at fracture level.In one case, radiographic and CT evaluation after 3 and 6 months showed severe resorption at the site of transplantation, but after 12 months, new bone had started to fill in at the area of resorption. In all cases there was loss of correction with regard to anterior and middle column height and sagittal balance at the latest follow-up. These preliminary results regarding OP-1 as a bone graft substitute and stimulator of new bone formation have been disappointing, as the OP-1 device in this study was not capable of inducing an early sufficient structural bone support. There are indications to suggest that OP-1 application to a fracture site in humans might result in detrimental enhanced bone resorption as a primary event.
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ranking = 1.5
keywords = resorption
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