Cases reported "Brachial Plexus Neuritis"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/81. Focal rhabdomyolysis and brachial plexopathy: an association with heroin and chronic ethanol use.

    A 22-year-old man presented with acute swelling of the left neck and associated weakness of the left arm upon awakening after having snorted heroin. He had consumed large amounts of ethanol regularly for 7 years. serum creatine kinase was greater than 19,000 units/l. A diagnosis of focal rhabdomyolysis and left brachial plexopathy was made. Focal rhabdomyolysis with associated plexopathy is an uncommon but recognized complication of acute heroin use. Chronic ethanol use may have a "sensitizing" role in the pathogenesis of this syndrome. ( info)

2/81. Neuralgic amyotrophy with phrenic nerve involvement.

    phrenic nerve involvement is a rare feature in patients with neuralgic amyotrophy (Parsonage-turner syndrome). We report four patients who initially presented with severe dyspnea in the absence of lung disease. All patients had a history of infectious disease or surgery and of pain of sudden onset in the shoulder region. Weakness of the proximal arm was observed in only one. Radiographic and pulmonary function studies, phrenic nerve conduction studies, and needle electromyogram (EMG) of the diaphragm documented diaphragmatic paralysis which was unilateral in one patient, bilateral in two patients, and recurrent on alternating sides in another one. follow-up studies remained abnormal for up to 4 years. Neuralgic amyotrophy with phrenic nerve involvement should be considered in patients presenting with severe, unexplained dyspnea of sudden onset. ( info)

3/81. Distal neuralgic amyotrophy.

    Neuralgic amyotrophy consists of severe pain around the shoulder and arm followed by weakness in one or several muscles of the same area. We describe four patients with distal neuralgic amyotrophy in whom acute, severe, and transient pain around the shoulder or arm was followed by weakness of the forearm and hand muscles only. Minor sensory symptoms were present in only one patient. The presence of structural lesions causing the extent of the forearm and hand motor deficit was excluded by ancillary examinations. Electrophysiological studies showed a motor axonopathy and minimal sensory axonopathy. A follow-up of 2 years or longer showed either spontaneous improvement or residual motor deficit. Unfamiliarity with a clinically distal localization of neuralgic amyotrophy may result in misdiagnosis of lower cervical (poly)radiculopathy in view of the distal localization of the motor deficit and the high prevalence of coincidental abnormalities of the lower cervical spine on plain radiography, computed tomography, or magnetic resonance imaging. ( info)

4/81. Neuralgic amyotrophy presenting with bilateral vocal cord paralysis in a child: a case report.

    Acute stridor and bilateral vocal cord paralysis is not uncommon in the neonate but is unusual in the older child. We report the first case of bilateral vocal cord paralysis secondary to neuralgic amyotrophy, a peripheral polyneuropathy, in a 5-year-old child. An extensive workup revealed a paralyzed right hemidiaphragm, arm weakness and an EMG pattern consistent with neuralgic amyotrophy. Neuralgic amyotrophy is an uncommon disorder in pediatric patients which may involve cranial and peripheral nerves including the phrenic nerves and rarely the recurrent laryngeal nerves. We propose that the diagnosis be considered in children who present with bilateral vocal cord paralysis and other associated neurologic findings. ( info)

5/81. Congenital dilation of the cervical epidural venous plexus: neuroradiology and endovenous management.

    We report a case of a 15-year-old girl suffering from cervicobrachialgia who was admitted to our service due to an enlarged neural foramen suspicious for a neurinoma. The cervical phlebography, however, revealed a space-occupying dilated epidural vein with increased blood supply from the suboccipital venous plexus. Lesions like this are absolutely rare, presumably of congenital origin and have not been described before. The lesion was treated by feeder occlusion applying platinum coils and enbucrilate via the internal jugular vein. ( info)

6/81. Clinical observations on 278 cases of cervical spondylopathy treated with electroacupuncture and massotherapy.

    From Dec. 1990 to Dec. 1993, 278 cases of cervical spondylopathy were treated with electroacupuncture and massotherapy. The cure rate was 82.7%; but in the control group, it was only 61%, indicating that electroacupuncture may enhance the cure rate (P < 0.05). Of the 278 cases treated by three to five sessions, the pain and numbness disappeared in about 96% of the patients. ( info)

7/81. Adhesive capsulitis of the glenohumeral joint with an unusual neuropathic presentation: a case report.

    A 37-yr-old woman presented with a 7-mo history of unilateral shoulder girdle stiffness, pain, and weakness and had already been diagnosed with frozen shoulder. physical examination revealed scapular winging and suspicious focal paralysis of shoulder girdle muscles. Subsequently, electrodiagnostic studies reported denervation of deltoid, infraspinatus, serratus anterior, and lower cervical paraspinal muscles, in addition to a prolonged long thoracic nerve latency. The history, physical examination, and cervical magnetic resonance imaging scan seemed most consistent with neuralgic amyotrophy, although the electrodiagnostic examination could be interpreted as cervical radiculopathy. Some of the difficulties in identifying neuralgic amyotrophy and distinguishing it from cervical radiculopathy are discussed herein. Historically, frozen shoulder has seemed to develop as a complication of the neuropathic process. Both neuralgic amyotrophy and frozen shoulder have a poorly understood pathogenesis, and their combined presence is presumed to be rare. Because of difficulties inherent in the physical examination of frozen shoulder, a coexistent neuropathic process may go undetected. ( info)

8/81. Hypertrophic inflammatory neuropathy involving bilateral brachial plexus.

    BACKGROUND: The present case is an example of hypertrophic inflammatory neuropathy (HIN). This entity is a rare tumor-like, chronic inflammatory, focal or multifocal, mainly demyelinating neuropathy of unknown origin, most frequently involving the brachial plexus. CASE DESCRIPTION: The authors describe a 67-year-old man presenting with a nodular mass in his right supraclavicular fossa. A nodular mass grossly resembling a schwannoma originating from a single nerve fascicle was surgically removed from the right C6 spinal nerve. Histologically, endoneurial edema, fibrosis, focal chronic inflammation, and extensive "onion bulb" formation were seen. Electron microscopy studies and immunohistochemistry proved that the onion bulb-forming cells were schwannian in nature and that the whorls of onion bulbs surrounded a generally demyelinated axon. Three months following surgery the patient developed acute painless paralysis of his right biceps brachii muscle that rapidly reversed; after that he remained neurologically asymptomatic. MRI revealed multiple fusiform mass lesions involving the brachial plexus bilaterally. Electrophysiologic studies demonstrated a bilateral, asymmetrical, mainly demyelinating neuropathy involving the brachial plexus; they failed to reveal any abnormality suggestive of generalized neuropathy. CONCLUSION: HIN is different from other focal tumor-like neuropathies and in particular from localized hypertrophic neuropathy (LHN). ( info)

9/81. Viral brachial neuritis in emergency medicine.

    brachial plexus neuritis is a rare neurologic disease that may be overlooked in emergency medicine because other conditions are much more common. We report a case of brachial plexus neuropathy due to cytomegalovirus infection. The diagnosis was based on history, clinical findings, laboratory tests, and electromyography. early diagnosis and adequate treatment is important to avoid unnecessary investigation, prevent complications (especially adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder), and reassure the patient. ( info)

10/81. magnetic resonance imaging features of subacute idiopathic brachial neuritis.

    A 60-year-old man presented with sudden onset of left shoulder pain followed 2 weeks later by the development of left shoulder girdle weakness. A clinical and electrophysiological diagnosis of subacute idiopathic brachial neuritis was made. The MRI features of subacute muscular denervation in this patient are discussed and the relevant literature reviewed. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Brachial Plexus Neuritis'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.