Cases reported "Brain Abscess"

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1/13. Fulminant citrobacter meningitis with multiple periventricular abscesses in a three-month-old infant.

    citrobacter, a Gram-negative enteric bacillus, is a rare cause of septicemia and meningitis, seldom reported beyond the neonatal period. It is characterized by a fulminant clinical course and a high incidence of complications, including brain abscesses. We studied a three-month-old infant with citrobacter meningitis, who developed acute communicating hydrocephalus and multiple periventricular brain abscesses while on treatment. The patient died, despite intensive antibiotic treatment directed towards the causative organism, C. diversus.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
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2/13. Disseminated actinomycosis due to actinomyces meyeri and actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

    A 44-year-old man presented with pulmonary lesions and neurological symptoms suggestive of lung carcinoma with cerebral metastases. He had non-specific chest X-ray findings since 6 years and he also suffered from relapsing purulent skin lesions which resolved spontaneously or by short courses of antibiotic treatment. When corticosteroids were given, multiple subcutaneous swellings developed that spontaneously ruptured. The pus contained actinomyces meyeri and actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. On operation, the intracerebral lesions appeared to be abscesses and the same bacteria were cultured as from the skin lesions. Bronchoscopical examination did not reveal a diagnosis. amoxicillin was given for 12 months and the patient recovered.
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ranking = 5
keywords = bacillus
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3/13. pericarditis, pneumonia and brain abscess due to a combined actinomyces--actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans infection.

    A patient is described in whom there developed a pulmonary infiltrate and constrictive pericarditis caused by a combined actinomyces and actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans infection, presumably originating from his poor dentition. The diagnosis was only made following repeated thoracotomy. After surgery, long-term treatment with antibiotics led to complete clinical recovery. None the less, some months later he was found to have a brain abscess which resolved during a further course of antibiotics. The variable clinical picture of actinomycosis is discussed, as well as the role of other bacteria frequently associated with actinomycotic infection, in particular actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. The therapeutic implications are described.
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ranking = 6
keywords = bacillus
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4/13. Two intriguing bilophila wadsworthia cases from hungary.

    bilophila wadsworthia, an obligately anaerobic Gram-negative bacillus, was first isolated from appendicitis specimens and human faeces. The two cases described here are the first report of the isolation of B. wadsworthia in hungary, and include the first isolation from chronic mastoiditis complicated with a brain abscess.
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ranking = 1
keywords = bacillus
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5/13. Mycobacterial brain abscess possibly due to bacille Calmette-Guerin in an immunocompromised child.

    Disseminated infection with bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is rare, even in immunocompromised patients who receive BCG injections as immunotherapy or immunization. When such infection occurs, it is usually in patients with decreased cellular immunity. A 6-year-old Caucasian girl who was receiving maintenance chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia presented with symptoms of meningitis. A temporal-lobe biopsy revealed acid-fast bacilli that were identified as mycobacterium bovis BCG. Neither the patient nor any family members had been immunized previously. Appropriate therapy resulted in a complete recovery.
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ranking = 0.1291444240226
keywords = bovis
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6/13. brain abscess due to actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.

    actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, a constituent of the oral flora, is a rare cause of brain abscesses. We report the case of a 47-year-old male who presented with multiple brain abscesses due to this organism, presumably originating from his poor dentition. Problems met in isolating and identifying A. actinomycetemcomitans suggest that its true rate of isolation from non-oral samples may have been underestimated.
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ranking = 5
keywords = bacillus
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7/13. Multiple brain abscesses caused by streptococcus bovis.

    A case of multiple brain abscesses caused by streptococcus bovis in a 28-year-old man is described. Infected bronchiectasis is presumed to be the source of infection. streptococcus bovis infection is a rare cause of brain abscess. The aetiology and manifestations of this infection are discussed.
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ranking = 0.77486654413559
keywords = bovis
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8/13. streptococcus bovis brain abscess associated with an occult colonic villous adenoma.

    streptococcus bovis is now recognized as a common cause of bacterial endocarditis. However, infection of the central nervous system by this organism is very rare. Recent studies have demonstrated the association between streptococcus bovis infections and colonic neoplasms.
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ranking = 0.77486654413559
keywords = bovis
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9/13. brain abscess due to streptobacillus moniliformis and Actinobacterium meyerii.

    This paper deals with a case of brain abscess due to streptobacillus moniliformis (the cause of the streptobacillary type of rat-bite fever) and Actinobacterium meyerii. Brain abscesses due to these micro-organisms are rare. The possible causative mechanisms in this particular case and the diagnostic and therapeutic management of brain abscesses in general are discussed.
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ranking = 5
keywords = bacillus
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10/13. corynebacterium bovis as a cause of human disease.

    corynebacterium bovis is a gram-positive rod which can cause bovine mastitis and rancidity in cream. On only one occasion has this organism been reported to cause human disease. Six further cases are described in which infections were caused by C. bovis. In two patients the nervous system was involved; two patients had bacterial endocarditis; one had chronic otitis media; and one had a persistent leg ulcer. Five patients recovered completely from the infection; the other died from endocarditis.
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ranking = 0.77486654413559
keywords = bovis
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