Cases reported "Brain Edema"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/24. Postoperative swelling of pericranial pedicle graft producing intracranial mass effect. Report of two cases.

    Two cases of florid swelling of pericranial pedicle grafts are reported. Intracranial mass effect produced by the grafts necessitated reoperation with graft removal in one case and graft revision in the other. No permanent neurological deficits were incurred by either patient. Venous congestion and associated swelling within the graft were considered to be related to constriction of the graft base at the frontal bone flap-skull base interface in one patient and torsion of the graft base in the other.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/24. Fatal brain injury caused by the free-flying blade of a knife - case report and evaluation of the unusual weapon.

    A man suffered a fatal injury from a self-inflicted accident while handling a special type of knife. A spring in the shaft of the knife accelerated the blade, which perforated the orbital cavity and the frontal lobe at the right side. death was due to central disregulation. The initial velocity of the blade was measured to be 15 m/s. In a total of 20 experimental shots to a fresh pig cadaver, the blade always penetrated the skin and 5-10 cm of soft tissue as long as the distance did not exceed 1 m. Thin layers of bone were also perforated. The free flight of the blade did not remain stable if the distance was more than 1 m, which resulted in superficial wounds only. So this unusual construction resembling a knife can be considered an effective combat weapon for close range fighting instead of a tool.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/24. subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with cyclosporine A neurotoxicity in a bone-marrow transplant recipient.

    We report subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with cyclosporine A (CSA) neurotoxicity after bone-marrow transplantation for chronic myelogenous leukemia. CT showed occipital subarachnoid hemorrhage. MRI confirmed this, and demonstrated cortical and subcortical edema in the posterior temporal, occipital, and posterior frontal lobes bilaterally, which was typical of CSA neurotoxicity. Recognition of CSA neurotoxicity as the cause of the subarachnoid hemorrhage obviated angiographic investigation. After cessation of cyclosporine therapy, the cortical and subcortical edema resolved on follow-up MRI with some residual blood products in the subarachnoid space.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/24. Cyclosporin A-induced encephalopathy after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation with prevention of graft-versus-host disease by tacrolimus.

    A 21-year-old woman with severe aplastic anemia received an allogeneic bone marrow transplant (allo-BMT) from an HLA-matched and ABO-matched sibling donor after conditioning with cyclophosphamide, rabbit ATG (Lymphoglobuline; Aventis-Pharma), and total lymphoid irradiation. She had a long history of cyclosporin A (CsA) therapy before conditioning. She complained of severe headache and convulsions on day 0, and findings on magnetic resonance images suggested CsA-induced encephalopathy. CsA was immediately stopped, and tacrolimus for prevention of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was started on day 2. Hematological engraftment was observed on day 14 without serious GVHD. Prompt diagnosis, replacement of immunosuppressive agents, and careful monitoring of serum drug concentrations are thought to have contributed to the patient's good clinical course, since CsA-induced encephalopathy tends to be recurrent but to improve completely without any sequelae.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/24. Caput succedaneum mimicking a cephalocele.

    Caput succedaneum is relatively common at birth but infrequently diagnosed in utero. It has a benign prognosis, but it is very important not to misdiagnose it as a cephalocele, which carries a guarded prognosis. We present the case of a patient who experienced preterm labor and premature rupture of the membranes at 28 weeks' menstrual age. Our initial diagnosis was cephalocele, but after the male infant was delivered by cesarean section, examination revealed no bone defect, and our final diagnosis was caput succedaneum. We also discuss the sonographic findings and diagnostic differences between caput succedaneum, cephalocele, and other fetal head masses.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/24. amniotic fluid embolism with involvement of the brain, lungs, adrenal glands, and heart.

    The case of a healthy 31-year-old woman in the 40th week of second pregnancy is presented. During preparation for an emergency caesarean section, she developed an amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) with unusual and unique features. The acute onset of disease with cardiorespiratory failure with hypotension, tachycardia, cyanosis, respiratory disturbances and loss of consciousness, suggested at first a pulmonary thromboembolism, but the appearance of convulsions led to the diagnosis of AFE. The patient died after 5 days due to an untreatable brain edema. At autopsy, AFE with the usually associated disseminated intravascular coagulation was found in the lungs, brain, left adrenal gland, kidneys, liver and heart. Eosinophilic inflammatory infiltrates were found in the lungs, hepatic portal fields and especially in the heart, suggesting a specific hypersensitivity reaction to fetal antigens. Moreover, intravascular accumulation of macrophages in the lungs also favored a non-specific immune reaction to amniotic fluid constituents.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 129.79450816369
keywords = macrophage
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/24. MR imaging in toxoplasmosis encephalitis after bone marrow transplantation: paucity of enhancement despite fulminant disease.

    We present a patient who underwent bone marrow transplantation (BMT) after developing chronic myelocytic leukemia. Four months after BMT, he became comatose and died. MR imaging revealed multifocal brain lesions that were progressive but produced no edema. Postcontrast studies revealed that most of the lesions were nonenhancing. There was only discrete, irregular leptomeningeal enhancement with possible minimal enhancement of the cortex and subcortical white matter. autopsy showed overwhelming toxoplasmosis encephalitis. This case illustrates that toxoplasmosis lesions may lack obvious contrast enhancement in the brain of the immunocompromised patients, despite severe involvement. Recognition of this unusual MR imaging manifestation of toxoplasmosis should lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/24. Early combined cranioplasty and programmable shunt in patients with skull bone defects and CSF-circulation disorders.

    OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the clinical outcome after early combined cranioplasty (own frozen bone) and shunt implantation (Codman-Medos programmable VP shunt) in patients with skull bone defects and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation disorders.METHOD: medical records were reviewed retrospectively for the last 100 patients with CSF disorders after trauma or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), who previously underwent decompressive craniotomy owing to therapy-resistant brain swelling. patients treated with early (5 to 7 weeks after injury) combined cranioplasty and shunt implantation were analysed and a follow-up for the survivors was obtained.RESULTS: In 60 patients with a daily CSF external drainage over 150 ml and dilated ventricles in CT scan, a programmable VP shunt was implanted simultaneously with the cranioplasty within 5.1 weeks after decompression. The neurological condition 6 months later was good (independent patients) in 39 cases (65%); 12 patients (20%) survived with a severe disability; three patients (5%) remained in a persistent vegetative state and only six patients (10%) died. There were few complications: bone or shunt infection (three cases), post-operative intracranial bleeding (one case), transitory neurological impairment after bone reimplantation (two cases), bone resorption (two cases) and shunt dysfunction (three cases).CONCLUSION: The early reimplantation of the patient's own skull bone combined to the employment of a programmable shunt system allowed us a dynamic adjustment of the intracranial pressure (ICP) changes. The combined treatment reduced the number of required surgical procedures, complications and unsatisfactory patient outcomes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 10
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/24. Fatal Epstein-Barr virus meningitis: an autopsy report.

    A 3-year-old Asian female presented with fever for 1 week and neck swelling for 1 day. serology revealed a recent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Late on the evening of admission, she developed confusion and would not follow commands. A CT scan showed diffuse cerebral edema and a cerebral flow scan demonstrated no blood flow to the brain. She was declared brain dead and expired on the following day. At autopsy, the brain weighted 1175 grams and grossly showed significant edema. Microscopically, the entire neuraxis revealed extensive leptomeningeal infiltrate of mainly CD8 T lymphocytes, the majority of which expressed activated markers, HLA-DR and/or CD45RO, and monocytes/macrophages with intermixed numerous apoptotic/karyorrhectic nuclear fragments. These nuclear fragments were considered to be due to apoptosis of the expanded population of CD8 T lymphocytes. Focal venulitis was noted. EBV-encoded small nuclear rna in situ hybridization revealed positivity in the occasional lymphocytes. Interestingly, most intraparenchymal as well as leptomeningeal vascular endothelium showed HLA-DR immunoreactivity. This finding has been reported primarily in the acute inflammatory/demyelinating conditions, not in the viral meningitis/meningoencephalitis, and was thought to be related to cytokines due to widespread inflammation in our case. Massive edema secondary to severe EBV-meningitis can be fatal.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 129.79450816369
keywords = macrophage
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/24. Treatment of malignant glioma with high dose intra-arterial ACNU and autologous bone marrow transplantation--case report.

    A 44-year-old female with malignant astrocytoma received subtotal removal and high dose (200 mg/m2) intra-arterial 1-(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidinyl)methyl-3-(2- chloroethyl)-3-nitrosourea hydrochloride (ACNU) with autologous bone marrow transplantation. Tumor remission with minimal bone marrow suppression was achieved. However, she developed severe encephalopathy and computed tomographic scans revealed a low-density area at the ACNU delivery site. She received glycerol solution to treat the brain edema and recovered completely from the encephalopathy. Intra-arterial ACNU exceeding 200 mg/m2 possibly causes neurotoxicity.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 6
keywords = bone
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Brain Edema'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.