Cases reported "Brain Neoplasms"

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1/837. brain metastasis from prostatic carcinoma.

    Between 1959 and 1971 there were 91 patients with clinically diagnosed prostatic carcinoma who were autopsied at Roswell Park Memorial Institute. In four of these 91 (4.4%) intracerebral metastasis were found at autopsy, but only in one of these four was the diagnosis arrived at pre-mortem. This report describes the diagnosis and management of intracerebral metastasis from prostate carcinoma. It appears, on the basis of our initial experience, that the clinical diagnosis of this entity deserves more frequent consideration.
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keywords = metastasis
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2/837. Intracranial hemorrhage due to cerebral metastasis of lung cancer - a case report.

    lung cancer often metastasizes to brain. However, hemorrhage of the metastatic lesions is uncommon. We report a case of a 68-year old man with lung cancer who underwent right upper lobectomy of the lung and presented in 15 months with a cerebral hemorrhage from a metastatic lesion of the brain.
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3/837. Middle ear adenocarcinoma with intracranial extension. Case report.

    Middle ear adenocarcinoma is a very rare, locally invasive neoplasm assumed to arise from the middle ear mucosa. Although endolymphatic sac tumor (aggressive papillary middle ear tumor) and jugulotympanic paraganglioma may show brain invasion, intracranial extension of histologically confirmed middle ear adenocarcinoma has not been previously reported. The authors describe a 53-year-old man who suffered from otalgia and tinnitus for more than 10 years and from neurological deficits for 1 year due to a large temporal bone tumor that invaded the temporal lobe. A combined neurosurgical and otolaryngological resection was performed. Pathological analysis revealed a low-grade adenocarcinoma of a mixed epithelial-neuroendocrine phenotype, which showed a close histological similarity to, and topographical relationship with, middle ear epithelium. The authors conclude that middle ear adenocarcinoma belongs to the spectrum of extracranial tumors that have possible local extension to the brain.
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ranking = 9.7949975650889E-5
keywords = lymphatic
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4/837. Endobronchial metastasis of glioblastoma multiforme diagnosed by fiberoptic bronchoscopic biopsy.

    We report a case of extraneural metastasis of an intracranial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) to the left upper lung, in which fiberoptic bronchoscopy played a key role in the diagnosis. The patient, a 20-year-old woman, presented with dry cough and hoarseness 2 years after total excision of the brain tumor and postoperative radiotherapy. Tissue samples obtained during fiberoptic bronchoscopic biopsy had the same morphologic appearance as the primary intracranial tumor, which was consistent with GBM. In cases of pulmonary metastasis of GBM, antemortem diagnosis is rare. Our experience from this case suggests that fiberoptic bronchoscopy may be a valuable diagnostic tool for metastatic GBM.
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keywords = metastasis
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5/837. Complete response of a large brain metastasis of renal cell cancer to interferon-alpha: case report.

    BACKGROUND: interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) is a drug widely used in the treatment of metastatic renal cell cancers, especially lung lesions. Successful treatment using IFNalpha for histologically proven brain metastasis has not been reported. CASE REPORT: A large pineal tumor was found in a 51-year-old man with renal cell cancer in the left kidney. The histological diagnosis of biopsied specimens was a brain metastasis from renal cell cancer. The patient was treated with intramuscular injections of IFNalpha. The brain metastasis gradually decreased in size and disappeared completely 6 months after the initial injection of IFNalpha. The IFNalpha therapy was continued for 9 months. Fifteen months later, no recurrence was evident on brain magnetic resonance imaging. CONCLUSION: This is an extremely rare case in which the long-term use of IFNalpha induced a complete response of a brain metastasis from renal cell cancer.
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keywords = metastasis
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6/837. A case of a malignant melanoma with late metastases 16 years after the initial surgery.

    We report a case of a pulmonary metastasis 16 years after the initial surgery for a malignant melanoma. The patient was a 58-year-old Japanese man. In 1976, he had a pigmented skin lesion with a diameter of 8 mm on his right third finger. He received an amputation of the finger and a dissection of the right axillary. Histological examinations of the tumor revealed a feature of a malignant melanoma with infiltration of the papillary layers of the dermis, 1.5 mm in thickness. The histological subtype was considered to be an acral lentiginous melanoma with a mixed spindle-epithelioid cell pattern. There was no regional lymph node metastasis. In December 1992, when he was 74-years-old, a round tumor in the left lower lung was discovered by chest radiography. In February 1993, he received a left lower lobectomy of the lung. Histological examination revealed a feature of a malignant melanoma with predominantly epithelioid cells and this was considered to be a metastasis from the initial skin lesion. Five months after the lobectomy, he died from a hemorrhage of a metastatic brain tumor. This case indicated the importance of periodic, life-long follow-up in treating malignant melanomas.
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7/837. Auditory brainstem response and neuropathology in a case of systemic T-cell lymphoma with intracranial metastasis.

    A 58-year-old male with systemic T-cell lymphoma involving the brainstem eccentrically, showed varying abnormal auditory brainstem responses (ABRs). The initial ABR demonstrated a prolonged V wave peak latency and an I-V IPL on admission. Four months later, all waves were absent bilaterally. Neuropathological examination at autopsy revealed that most of the nuclei and tracts associated with the auditory system were destroyed by lymphoid cell infiltration. It suggested that in the early stages of this disease, lymphoid cells could have involved the lower brainstem and, subsequently, in the advanced stages invaded the inferior colliculus.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = metastasis
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8/837. Cerebral metastasis presenting with altitudinal field defect.

    A 75-year-old man presented with a unilateral inferior altitudinal visual field defect and a history of weight loss and night sweats. The acuity in the affected eye was 20/200, otherwise his ocular examination was normal. neuroimaging demonstrated a post-fixed chiasm, with a frontal metastasis compressing the intracerebral portion of the optic nerve. A chest x-ray showed classical cannon ball lesions, secondary to malignant melanoma. This is the first case report of an intracerebral tumor producing an inferior altitudinal field defect.
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keywords = metastasis
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9/837. brain metastasis as first manifestation of ovarian cancer.

    brain metastasis from ovarian cancer, a rare and highly dismal event, develops mostly during or after postoperative chemotherapy. This report documents the clinical findings and magnetic resonance imaging of an uncommon case who presented signs of increased intracranial pressure as a first manifestation. Histologic examination of removed brain lesion demonstrated ovarian origin, while no evidence of a locally invasive lesion was found at exploratory laparotomy ('tentative' surgical stage Ia). The possibility of ovarian origin should be always considered in a woman with brain involvement.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = metastasis
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10/837. Surgical resection of a cerebral metastasis from cervical cancer: case report and review of the literature.

    AIMS AND BACKGROUND: central nervous system metastasis from cervical carcinoma is uncommon. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 51-year-old woman who developed a solitary cerebral metastasis 29 months after radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy for a stage IB, grade III cervical cancer. The patient suddenly complained of headache, confusion and dizziness; she was submitted to emergency surgical resection of a 2 x 3 cm metastasis in the right frontal lobe. The postoperative course was uneventful and she completely recovered from her neurological deficit. Following surgery the patient underwent careful restaging. Massive bilateral involvement of the pelvic wall was diagnosed, and the patient received three courses of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. She developed liver and lung metastases and died 10 months later of progressive disseminated disease, without, however, any sign of recurrent or persistent cerebral involvement. CONCLUSION: Neurosurgical resection should be considered in cervical cancer patients with solitary brain metastasis in the absence of systemic disease.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = metastasis
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