Cases reported "Brain Neoplasms"

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11/837. Cerebral metastasis from ovarian carcinoma. Some observations about treatment.

    Systemic metastases from ovarian carcinoma are frequent, but they rarely affect the central nervous system. The treatment of this type of metastases in not clear. Two cases of solitary cerebral metastasis from ovarian carcinoma are reported. Two patients, submitted to therapeutic protocol established for ovarian carcinoma, presented after 17 and 25 months respectively the appearance of symptoms from brain solitary metastasis without other metastases. They underwent surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy for solitary cerebral metastasis. Treatment of the brain lesion resulted in KPS improvement (KPS = 90) and survival was 16 and 30 months, respectively. From the 2 cases presented and the review of the literature, it appears that a better outcome may be obtained by a combined treatment of metastases, including surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
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keywords = metastasis
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12/837. Extracranial metastasis of anaplastic ganglioglioma through a ventriculoperitoneal shunt: a case report.

    Extracranial metastasis of an intracranial anaplastic ganglioglioma through a ventriculoperitoneal shunt is reported. A 53-year-old woman was treated by surgery, radiation and chemotherapy and died 2 years later. At autopsy, multiple metastatic lesions were found in the spinal cord, and the abdominal and pleural cavities. Histologically, all the metastatic lesions were composed of atypical cells which resembled primitive glial elements found in intracranial anaplastic ganglioglioma, suggesting that anaplastic glial elements have a metastatic potential. Extracranial metastasis of ganglioglioma is a rare occurrence; however, the spread of glial elements through the shunt further suggests that caution is required in therapy and indicates a need for protective filters in the shunt system.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = metastasis
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13/837. Cerebral metastasis of a uterine leiomyosarcoma--case report.

    A 38-year-old female presented with sudden neurological deterioration 6 years after an operation and chemotherapy for uterine leiomyosarcoma. An extremely rare metastasis of the uterine leiomyosarcoma to the brain was identified and totally resected. Whole brain irradiation (50 Gy) was given. A recurrence of the metastasis was resected 10 weeks later. She ultimately died of a second recurrence. Aggressive surgical management of cerebral metastasis of uterine leiomyosarcoma may achieve an improved outcome.
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14/837. Pineal metastasis as first clinical manifestation of colorectal adenocarcinoma. Case report.

    Cerebral metastases from colorectal adenocarcinomas occur in 8% of the cases. diagnosis is usually made when primary disease and widespread metastases are already known. We report the case of a patient with single metastases in the pineal region as the first clinical manifestation of a colorectal adenocarcinoma. A 48-year-old female with Parinaud's syndrome for 15 days prior her admission was evaluated in our clinic. She had no symptoms or signs of colorectal disease. MRI examination revealed an heterogeneous lesion with peritumoral gadolinium enhancement, located in the pineal region. The tumor was radically resected through an infratentorial/supracerebellar approach. histology showed metastatic carcinoma and immunohistochemical examination showed gastrointestinal tract adenocarcinoma. Metastases to the pineal region are extremely rare and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of tumors of this region.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = metastasis
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15/837. Cytologic diagnosis of a solitary brain metastasis from papillary carcinoma of the thyroid. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid metastasizes to the brain in rare instances. In published series and case reports of metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma, diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) metastases has been determined by histologic methods. We present a case of papillary carcinoma metastatic to brain diagnosed by cytologic methods. CASE: A 43-year-old female, initially diagnosed at age 12 with papillary carcinoma of the thyroid metastatic to regional lymph nodes and lung, presented with head aches of increasing frequency and severity. A computed tomography scan confirmed a 1-cm nodule in the right inferior frontal lobe of the brain. For clinical reasons, the patient was followed with serial imaging for five years. At age 48 there was significant progression of the CNS disease, and the patient underwent stereotactic biopsy with drainage of cyst fluid. Cytologic examination of the cyst fluid and immunocytochemical studies confirmed the typical features of papillary thyroid carcinoma, including papillary clusters of cells with finely granular chromatin, micronucleoli, nuclear grooves and an associated psammoma body. CONCLUSION: Neurocytology is a useful technique in the examination of cystic lesions of the brain and may be the sole technique for determination of diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = metastasis
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16/837. Spreading of metastases into cranial tumors: metastasis of a breast carcinoma to a pilocytic astrocytoma.

    The case of a 29-year-old patient with metastasis of a breast carcinoma to a pilocytic astrocytoma is presented. review of this exceptional occurrence is given. Discussing the possible causes of this coincidence we suggest that the phenomenon is probably an accidental event.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = metastasis
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17/837. meningioma with sarcomatous change and hepatic metastasis.

    A 72-year-old patient had a meningotheliomatous meningioma that invaded through the skull and into temporalis muscle. One year following craniotomy for removal of the neoplasm, he developed headaches, diplopia, and proptosis of the left eye. biopsy of the orbital contents revealed a malignant supporting tissue neoplasm having a resemblance to the previous meningioma. No curative therapy was possible and the patient died 33 months after diagnosis. autopsy examination showed extensive residual intracranial neoplasm and a 3-cm metastasis in the liver. The metastatic tumor appeared similar to the meningioma and did not appear malignant histologically. The case illustrates the distinct histologic variations in meningiomas and the difficulties in predicting their biologic activity. Aggressive local behavior may indicate possible malignant areas in the neoplasm. Therefore, examination of the neoplasm should be thorough. Such a correlation may suggest malignant biologic potential.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = metastasis
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18/837. Malignant melanoma of the ovary and exposure to clomiphene citrate: a case report and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present a case of metastatic malignant melanoma of the ovary, a review of the current literature, and current recommendations for preventative and consultative management. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report and literature review. A 34-year-old woman had symptoms of pelvic abscess 1 month after clomiphene citrate stimulation for infertility. After a failed course of antibiotic therapy, an exploratory laparotomy was performed. Bilateral malignant melanomas of the ovary were discovered. The patient died 4 weeks later of disseminated metastases. Retrospectively, a history of a "mole" with unknown histopathologic characteristics had been removed from her arm 15 years earlier. A review of the literature was performed to provide current findings regarding malignant melanomas of the ovary, as well as to evaluate the potential relationship between the use of ovarian stimulating drugs and the development of melanomas. RESULTS: Melanomas account for 3% of cancers, but the incidence of melanoma is rising. Genital melanomas are uncommon; the primary site is the vulva. Primary malignant melanoma of the ovary is rare; however, delayed recurrence from a primary skin site with metastasis to the ovary is documented. The literature suggests a possible relationship between the use of clomiphene citrate and an increase in melanomas of the skin. CONCLUSION: The gynecologist, as a primary provider, must be aware of the increasing incidence of malignant melanoma, as well as the recommendations for prevention. The gynecologist, as a consultant, must be aware of the risk of delayed recurrence of malignant melanoma. The potential for development of melanomas associated with the use of ovarian stimulation for infertility needs further monitoring and analysis.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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19/837. Fatal cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma with extension through the maxillary sinus and orbit into the brain.

    Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas may cause death by metastasis or by local extension. We describe a deeply invasive cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma that caused death by direct extension into the brain.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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20/837. The role of chemotherapy in intracranial germinoma: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: The case of a 29-year-old man with histologically proven simultaneous germinoma (seminoma) of the pineal gland and a stage I embryonal carcinoma of the testis is reported. An intradural metastatic lesion from the pineal germinoma was diagnosed at the level of the first thoracic vertebra. Treatment, after inguinal orchiectomy, was chemotherapy only, rather than conventional radiotherapy for the pineal germinoma. methods: Therapy consisted of bleomycin (B), etoposide (E) and cisplatin (P). MRI was used to assess the effectiveness of BEP chemotherapy. RESULTS: A complete remission of the pineal gland germinoma and the epidural metastasis was documented after two cycles of BEP chemotherapy and after 15 months of follow-up the patient remains free of relapse. DISCUSSION: The pathogenesis of simultaneously occurring germinoma of the pineal gland and embryonal cell carcinoma of the testis is discussed. The choice of therapy in these circumstances is a matter of debate and the good result of chemotherapy alone in this patient suggest that primary chemotherapy may be the therapy of choice in patients with pineal germinomas.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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