Cases reported "branchioma"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/213. Fourth branchial arch sinus: clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, and surgical treatment.

    OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Abnormalities of the fourth branchial arch are much less common than those of the second arch and present in a different manner. The authors report their experience with five cases of fourth arch sinuses. methods: Retrospective chart review of patients at a tertiary care center. RESULTS: All patients presented in the first or second decade of life, and all but one had left-sided neck involvement. Four patients presented with recurrent low neck inflammatory episodes, and one with respiratory compromise. Diagnostic studies performed included ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) scan, barium swallow, magnetic resonance imaging, and fine-needle aspiration. barium contrast studies and CT scan were the most useful in demonstrating a fourth arch sinus tract preoperatively. Surgical treatment with an emphasis on complete exposure of the recurrent laryngeal nerve and exposure of the lateral piriform sinus to facilitate complete sinus tract excision was successful in all patients. CONCLUSION: The clinical history of recurrent low neck inflammatory episodes in young patients, especially on the left side, should raise the suspicion of this entity. Investigation using barium swallow in combination with CT scanning is useful. Excision of the sinus tract taking care not to injure the recurrent laryngeal nerve is curative. ( info)

2/213. Possible branchiogenic carcinoma coinciding with metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma.

    We report the discovery of a cystic lesion of flat lining epithelium with areas of squamous carcinoma, associated with metastatic cervical nodes of a papillary thyroid cancer, and discuss the diagnostic possibilities. ( info)

3/213. Aberrant second branchial cleft fistula.

    Second branchial cleft cysts and sinuses rarely present diagnostic problems to the pediatric otolaryngologist as their course is usually predictable based on consistent embryologic development. However, we evaluated two fistula tracts that did not fit the classic description of second branchial tract fistulas. Upon radiographic and intraoperative evaluation, their eventual course ending in the tonsillar fossa was identified. Realizing the potential for aberrancy and using preoperative radiographic evaluation will assist the surgeon in the excision of these developmental anomalies with little risk to underlying neurovascular structures. ( info)

4/213. Lateral cervical cleft: a previously unreported anomaly resulting from incomplete disappearance of the second pharyngeal (branchial) cleft.

    The authors present a 2-year-old boy with a skin defect located in the right lateral side of the neck. They suggest the defect is a partial failure of disappearance of the second pharyngeal (branchial) cleft and propose a name of lateral cervical cleft. ( info)

5/213. Thyroid papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cleft cyst.

    A case of papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cleft cyst is described. A 46-year-old woman presented with a 2.0 x 2.0 cm mass in her left lateral neck. The excised mass showed a cystic lesion with a thyroid papillary carcinoma. Following a lateral cervical cystectomy, subsequent thyroid gland and lymph nodes dissections were performed. Pathological examination showed an adenomatous goiter and no primary carcinoma in the thyroid gland, as well as metastatic papillary carcinoma in the lymph nodes. Two cases of thyroid papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cyst have been reported previously, but no lymph node metastases were recognized. The first case of papillary carcinoma arising in ectopic thyroid tissue within a branchial cleft cyst, and accompanied by lymph node metastasis is presented. ( info)

6/213. De novo direct duplication of 15q15-->q24 in a newborn boy with mild manifestations.

    Duplication of distal 15q results in a recognizable clinical phenotype. We report here on a 25-day-old boy with a de novo interstitial duplication of chromosome region 15q15-q24. The manifestations in this patient are milder than those of previously described patients and include minor facial anomalies, velopharyngeal insufficiency, branchial cleft cyst, and hydronephrosis. fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using a chromosome 15 painting probe confirmed that the extra material is of chromosome 15 origin. Further analysis with the SNRPN probe demonstrated that the duplication is telomeric to the Prader-Willi/angelman syndrome critical region. This case delineates a broader spectrum for patients with duplication 15q syndrome. ( info)

7/213. Solitary nodal metastases presenting as branchial cysts: a diagnostic pitfall.

    Two patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma are presented. Both were initially clinically diagnosed as branchial cysts. The importance of a full examination of the upper aerodigestive tract, and fine needle aspiration cytology is emphasised to avoid the possibility of excision as a branchial cyst, which could lead to tumour dissemination. ( info)

8/213. Radiological appearance of primary branchial cleft cyst carcinoma.

    The hypothesis that primary branchiogenic carcinoma originates from a branchial cleft cyst is controversial. Many reports regarding primary branchiogenic carcinoma failed to provide sufficient evidence to distinguish it from metastatic cervical lymph nodes arising from previously unrecognized primary tumours. The radiological appearance of malignant transformation from a branchial cleft cyst has not been reported previously in the English literature. A radiological study is presented that confirms the primary branchiogenic carcinoma. The management in suspected cases would be wide surgical excision of the tumour including ipsilateral radical neck dissection followed by radiation therapy. ( info)

9/213. Fourth branchial cyst presenting with neonatal respiratory distress.

    Fourth branchial cysts are quite rare. A neonate with a left lateral neck mass and respiratory distress was found to have a fourth branchial cyst, which was diagnosed with computed tomography and endoscopy. The characteristic computed tomography findings included an air-containing neck cyst, which was located at the anteromedial site of the common carotid artery with mediastinal extension. Endoscopic examination revealed an internal opening at the apex of the pyriform sinus, communicating with the cyst. Total excision of the cyst was performed, and the specimen, which showed ciliated columnar epithelium with a subepithelial lymphoid infiltrate, thyroid follicles, and thymic tissue, histologically confirmed the diagnosis. ( info)

10/213. Branchial cleft anomaly, congenital heart disease, and biliary atresia: Goldenhar complex or Lambert syndrome?

    The features of Goldenhar complex have been well-described and classically include branchial arch abnormalities, epibulbar dermoid and vertebral abnormalities. We have identified an infant with these features in association with complex congenital heart disease and intrahepatic biliary atresia. Although Lambert described an autosomal recessive disorder with an association of biliary atresia and branchial arch abnormalities, none of those cases had epibulbar dermoid. Diagnostic considerations in this case include inclusion of biliary atresia as a new feature in the expanding spectrum of the Goldenhar complex, versus Lambert syndrome with epibulbar dermoid. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'Branchioma'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.