Cases reported "Breast Neoplasms"

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1/759. Unusual vascular changes in the red pulp of the spleen accompanying breast carcinoma metastasis.

    The prevalence of splenic metastasis from carcinomas varies between 2% and 13% in autopsy studies. Most of them are clinically inapparent. We report herein the case of a splenic metastasis revealing breast carcinoma in a 73-year old woman. splenectomy was performed to correct hypersplenism. Macroscopically, the cut surface of the spleen was uniform and pale. On microscopical examination, the metastatic infiltration involved both red and white pulp as single cells, cords and micro-nodules. Tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). The breast origin of this splenic metastasis was supported by the increase of CA 15-3 level, and by the appearance of axillary lymphadenopathy. In addition, the red pulp sinuses were obliterated by multiple thrombi at different stages of development and the splenic cords were collagenized. These changes could result from an unusual stromal reaction.
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ranking = 1
keywords = metastasis
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2/759. Isolation and characterization of a new human breast cancer cell line, KPL-4, expressing the Erb B family receptors and interleukin-6.

    A new human breast cancer cell line, KPL-4, was recently isolated from the malignant pleural effusion of a breast cancer patient with an inflammatory skin metastasis. This cell line can be cultured under serum-free conditions and is tumorigenic in female athymic nude mice. Flow cytometric analysis revealed the expression of Erb B-1, -2 and -3. Dot blot hybridization showed a 15-fold amplification of the erb B-2. reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed a detectable level of mRNA expression of all the Erb B family receptors. In addition, all the receptors were autophosphorylated under a serum-supplemented condition. Unexpectedly, transplanted KPL-4 tumours induced cachexia of recipient mice. A high concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6) was detected in both the culture medium and the serum of mice. The weight of tumours significantly correlated with the serum IL-6 level. The antiproliferative effect of a humanized anti-Erb B-2 monoclonal antibody, rhuMAbHER2, was investigated. This antibody significantly inhibited the growth of KPL-4 cells in vitro but modestly in vivo. Loss of mouse body weight was partly reversed by rhuMAbHER2. These findings suggest that KPL-4 cells may be useful in the development of new strategies against breast cancer overexpressing the Erb B family receptors and against IL-6-induced cachexia.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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3/759. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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4/759. Diagnosing invasive cystic hypersecretory duct carcinoma of the breast with fine needle aspiration cytology. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Cystic hypersecretory duct carcinoma (CHC) of the breast, first described in 1984, is a rare variant of duct carcinoma. Histologically it is characterized by the formation of dilated ducts and cysts containing an eosinophilic secretory product resembling thyroid colloid. The lining epithelium of the cysts atypically proliferates to form intraductal carcinoma. Only four cases of invasive cystic hypersecretory carcinoma have been reported. CASE: We present a case of invasive CHC with tumor emboli in many lymphatic spaces and axillary nodal metastases. The lesion was also evaluated by fine needle aspiration. Direct smears with Papanicolaou stain were highly cellular and had abundant, intensely staining, orange-to-gray-green thyroid colloid-like material. epithelial cells, showing a variety of cellular patterns, were indistinguishable from usual ductal carcinoma cells. These cytologic findings may be characteristic enough to suggest cystic hypersecretory carcinoma. CONCLUSION: The cytologic features of CHC are distinctive and correlate with histology. This was the first presentation of colloidlike secretory material in cytologic material with Papanicolaou stain in such a case. Invasive CHC tends to have aggressive behavior. Cystic hypersecretory hyperplasia coexisted in this case.
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ranking = 0.0030496313361911
keywords = lymphatic
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5/759. CD5 positive breast carcinoma in a patient with untreated chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: molecular studies of chromosome 13q.

    A 67 year old woman presented with a right breast lump which proved to be a grade 2 invasive ductal carcinoma with axillary lymph node metastasis. She had a five year history of CD5 positive chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, which never required treatment. Immunoperoxidase stains for CD5, using the monoclonal antibody NCL-CD-54C7, showed that there was extensive infiltration of axillary lymph nodes with CD5 positive B lymphocytes. Strong staining for CD5 was also seen in the carcinoma cells within the breast and lymph node metastases. It has recently been suggested that there is a tumour suppresser locus in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia at 13q12.3 near or at the BRCA2 locus. Deletion of regions on chromosome 13q containing the BRCA2 and RB1 genes has also been reported in sporadic breast cancers. These observations suggest that there may be a link between these two diseases acting through chromosome 13, but amplification of several microsatellite repeat markers failed to show any loss of heterozygosity or repeat instability at either these or several other loci on chromosome 13. Examination of additional such cases is needed to perform a more comprehensive study of the significance of positive CD5 staining of breast carcinoma.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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6/759. Myxoid variant of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma arising in the breast.

    Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a malignant tumor of the follicular dendritic cell which can arise in extranodal sites. We present here a case arising as a mass in the breast of a 41-year-old woman. The tumor was composed of mildly pleomorphic spindly cells with pale ovoid nuclei and cell processes intimately admixed with mature lymphocytes. In much of the lesion the cells were dispersed in cords in a myxoid stroma, and elsewhere there were solid sheets. The neoplastic cells were immunoreactive for CD21, CD35, EMA, and S100 protein, but not for other lymphoid markers or cytokeratin. Electron microscopy showed interdigitating cytoplasmic processes with junctions but no external lamina. The differential diagnosis includes carcinoma, lymphomas, and a variety of myxoid sarcomas. The tumor recurred within a few months and displayed increased nuclear pleomorphism and lymphatic invasion but the patient appears free of disease 3 years after the further excision. This case extends the spectrum of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma in soft tissue sites.
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ranking = 0.0030496313361911
keywords = lymphatic
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7/759. Carcinoid tumours presenting as breast cancer: the utility of radionuclide imaging with 123I-MIBG and 111In-DTPA pentetreotide.

    Secondary tumours of any type in the breast are rare. A review of the literature demonstrated only 23 cases of carcinoid tumours with associated breast metastasis, as distinct from primary carcinoid tumours of the breast. Distant metastases from carcinoid tumours are correlated with poor prognosis and survival. Although both primary and metastatic mammary carcinoid tumours are uncommon, the recognition of the true origin of the tumours may be of importance owing to the different clinical management and prognosis of the two conditions. Recently, radionuclide-labelled imaging techniques have been applied to the localization of such lesions, based on isotope uptake by receptors present in these neuroendocrine tumours. We report two new cases of carcinoid tumours with breast metastases, the primaries being in the ileocaecal valve and the bronchus, respectively. The diagnosis of a carcinoid tumour was based on the clinical, biochemical, histopathological and immunostaining features. Furthermore, these patients had both 123I-MIBG and 111In pentetreotide scintigraphy performed. These radionuclides play a useful role in the localization and potentially in the management of carcinoid tumours and their distant metastases.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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8/759. Molecular assessment of clonality leads to the identification of a new germ line TP53 mutation associated with malignant cystosarcoma phyllodes and soft tissue sarcoma.

    Cystosarcoma phyllodes (CSP) is a rare breast neoplasm composed of stromal and epithelial elements. It usually runs a benign course but it may metastasize. In a 31-year-old patient with recurring CSP, a mesenchymal tumor in the leg developed. The question arose whether the latter tumor could be a metastasis from the CSP, which would have major treatment consequences. The problem was addressed using molecular methods, i.e., comparison of the pattern of polymorphic repeat markers on chromosome 17p as well as single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and sequencing of exons 5 to 8 of the TP53 gene in both tumor and normal tissue. An identical pattern of loss of heterozygosity in both breast tumors was demonstrated, but a different pattern was shown in the tumor in the leg. This led to the conclusion that the latter tumor had to be a new primary tumor. A mutation in codon 162 of the TP53 gene was found in the tumor tissue as well as in the normal tissue of this patient. This germ line mutation leads to the replacement of isoleucine by asparagine and most likely has functional consequences. In all four examined tumors of this patient, the normal TP53 allele was lost. This is strong evidence that this germ line TP53 mutation causes the genesis of these two rare primary mesenchymal tumors in this young patient. The current study exemplifies the power of molecular diagnostic methods in investigating the specific clinical problem of clonal relation between two separate tumors. The germ line mutation found in codon 162 of the TP53 gene and the association with cystosarcoma phyllodes have not been described previously.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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9/759. breast metastasis from multiple myeloma: report of a case and review of the literature.

    An uncommon case of breast metastasis from multiple myeloma that regressed significantly after treatment by radiation is described.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = metastasis
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10/759. Epithelial inclusion in axillary lymph node associated with a breast carcinoma: report of a case with a review of the literature.

    Since epithelial inclusions in axillary lymph nodes are rare, some diagnostic problems concerning their nature have arisen. We report a case of a cystic squamous epithelial inclusion in an axillary lymph node of a patient affected by a high grade breast carcinoma with focal squamous differentiation. Although the lesion was histologically benign, the possibility that it represents a well-differentiated squamous metastasis cannot be completely ruled out. To our knowledge, this is the first case of an epithelial lymph node inclusion associated with a breast carcinoma showing morphological evidence of squamous differentiation. Here, we discuss the diagnostic problems and give a review of the literature.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = metastasis
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