Cases reported "Breast Neoplasms"

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1/148. Squamous cell carcinoma of the breast following silicone injection of the breasts.

    During the 1960s, injecting liquid silicone into the breasts for augmentation purposes was a common practice. Many women suffered complications, usually developing silicone mastopathy, but there have been reports of carcinoma as well. A case of squamous cell carcinoma of the breast is reported in a patient who had previously undergone injection of silicone into the breasts. Upon review of the literature, this is only the second reported case of squamous cell carcinoma of the breast following silicone injection. Squamous cell carcinoma of the breast is a very rare tumor comprising 0.04 to 0.075 percent of all breast malignancies. The tumor appears to develop from metaplasia of benign epithelial cells within the breast. Many theories are presented for the development of this metaplastic process. The clinical presentation, evaluation, and treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the breast is quite similar to that of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast of comparable stage and size.
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2/148. The CO 2 laser in mastectomy: a ten-year follow-up.

    We compared the healing process, postoperative course, and follow-up of patients who underwent modified radical mastectomy in the conventional way with those who underwent a laser procedure. Sixty women, aged 33 to 77 years, who suffered from carcinoma of the breast were randomly divided into two groups: Group 1: surgery was performed using scalpel and electrosurgery; Group 2: surgery was performed with a CO 2 Sharplan laser, skin-to-skin including the axilla dissection; maximal power, 40-60 W. The postoperative course was uneventful in both groups. wound healing was normal. sutures were removed on the tenth day. patients were followed at the Outpatient Clinic for 10 years. The circumference of the arm and forearm was measured at fixed points before surgery and at follow-up. mammography and liver and bone scans were performed every year. Four Group 1 patients developed swelling and edema of 2 to 3 cm at 6 to 8 months after surgery. Also two patients from subgroup A developed local recurrence. No edema or swelling or local recurrence could be detected in patients operated by laser. Surgery with laser is preferable to the conventional approach.
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3/148. Myxoid variant of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma arising in the breast.

    Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma is a malignant tumor of the follicular dendritic cell which can arise in extranodal sites. We present here a case arising as a mass in the breast of a 41-year-old woman. The tumor was composed of mildly pleomorphic spindly cells with pale ovoid nuclei and cell processes intimately admixed with mature lymphocytes. In much of the lesion the cells were dispersed in cords in a myxoid stroma, and elsewhere there were solid sheets. The neoplastic cells were immunoreactive for CD21, CD35, EMA, and S100 protein, but not for other lymphoid markers or cytokeratin. Electron microscopy showed interdigitating cytoplasmic processes with junctions but no external lamina. The differential diagnosis includes carcinoma, lymphomas, and a variety of myxoid sarcomas. The tumor recurred within a few months and displayed increased nuclear pleomorphism and lymphatic invasion but the patient appears free of disease 3 years after the further excision. This case extends the spectrum of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma in soft tissue sites.
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4/148. The dentist's role in end-of-life care.

    dentists and dental specialists have much to offer in ensuring proper pain management in end-of-life care for terminally ill patients. As the population of the united states ages and devastating disease processes continue to affect many, the need for oral comfort care measures will further increase. In an ideal situation, the dentist will be among those consulted in advance of beginning therapeutic regimens that have significant oral side-effects or for cases in which oral care after treatment has begun is accompanied by greatly increased risk. The objectives for dentists caring for terminally ill patients include ensuring comfort, eliminating sites of infection or potential infection, understanding the patient's preferences enhancing oral function, and, when desired, protecting self-esteem through esthetic maintenance. The provision of adequate pain management and comfort care is an unequivocal ethical obligation for the benefit of these patients. dentists have a further ethical obligation to share their knowledge with physicians and patients to set a higher standard for comfort care for the terminally ill.
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5/148. Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia of the breast detected by colour Doppler ultrasound.

    Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia (lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma) is a low grade B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The majority of patients present with advanced disease. lymphoma of the breast is rare and usually arises as part of a disseminated disease process. A case of disseminated Waldenstrom's macroglobulinaemia is reported in which the breast was involved. The findings using standard mammographic and ultrasound techniques were non-specific and only when colour Doppler examination was performed could an abnormality be detected.
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6/148. methotrexate pneumonitis induced by intrathecal methotrexate therapy: a case report with pharmacokinetic data.

    A patient with adenocarcinoma of the breast metastatic to the leptomeninges was treated with 10 doses of intrathecal methotrexate (MTX) administered at intervals of 2 days. Following these treatments she developed fever, hypoxemia, and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates without documented pulmonary infection. autopsy findings were consistent with the pneumonitis that has been associated with intermittent oral, intramuscular, and intravenous MTX therapy. It is suggested that this patient's pulmonary process represented MTX pneumonitis following intrathecal MTX. cerebrospinal fluid and serum MTX concentrations determined retrospectively on frozen samples reflect an atypically rapid transport of MTX from this patient's cerebrospinal fluid to a slowly decaying systemic pool. Because of this, serum MTX levels probably exceeded 10-8M during the entire 20-day course of therapy, thus exposing the pulmonary parenchyma to significant drug concentrations for a prolonged interval. It is suggested that these unfavorable pharmacokinetics may have contributed to this patient's susceptibility to MTX pneumonitis.
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7/148. Carcinocythemia (carcinoma cell leukemia). An acute leukemia-like picture due to metastatic carcinoma cells.

    observation of a unique population of cells on a Wright-stained blood smear of a patient with metastatic breast carcinoma prompted a study to determine their origin. The primary carcinoma contained a marker, the presence of "signet cells." These were demonstrated in direct peripheral smears and buffy coat preparation of peripheral blood and confirmed histochemically by showing positive periodic acid-Schiff, alpha-napthol and beta-glucuronidase reactions. "Carcinocythemia" is suggested as a name for this unusual process observed over a six month period. Studies of the patient's immunocompetence, of circulating cell surface immunoglobulins and karyotype analysis were made. Postmortem examination revealed retroperitoneal fibrosis, splenic atrophy and extensive metastatic carcinoma but no evidence of leukemia. The cells will be contrasted to those seen in a second patient who appeared to have acute myelocytic leukemia complicating extensive cancer involving the bone marrow. The observations suggest that a leukemia-like blood picture due to circulating cancer cells may occur during the course of metastatic breast carcinoma.
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8/148. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of postradiation epithelioid angiosarcoma of breast.

    Angiosarcoma of breast skin and parenchyma is a rarely reported complication of irradiation for breast carcinoma. We report a case of a subareolar epithelioid angiosarcoma arising 8 years subsequent to lumpectomy and irradiation of the ipsilateral breast for infiltrating carcinoma. The epithelioid appearance of the neoplastic cells on fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) biopsy suggested a recurrence of the primary carcinoma. Careful attention to certain cytomorphologic features and cell block immunohistochemistry were useful in the distinction from recurrent carcinoma. Cytologic features that identified this neoplasm as an angiosarcoma included marked cell discohesiveness, elongate cytoplasmic processes or "pseudopodia," heterogeneous cell size, large nucleoli or macronucleoli, and cytoplasmic lumina. Immunohistochemical markers, including factor viii antigen, CD31, and CD34, were positive, confirming the vascular nature of the neoplasm. Other markers ruled out morphologically similar neoplasms such as recurrent carcinoma and melanoma. Epithelioid angiosarcoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of a suspected recurrence of breast carcinoma several years postirradiation therapy. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2000;22:172-175.
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9/148. Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast arising within complex sclerosing lesion: a report of five cases.

    AIMS: This study presents a series of five cases in which metaplastic carcinoma, predominantly low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma, of the breast is seen arising within a background of a complex sclerosing lesion. This association has been recognized previously but has not been documented in detail. This study describes the characteristics of the components present in each case and discusses the existing literature. This observation adds further evidence to support an association between some types of invasive breast carcinoma and sclerosing lesions of the breast. methods AND RESULTS: Four of these cases were received as referral cases for opinion. The fifth was received as part of the routine surgical workload within our own institution. Two patients presented following mammographic screening and three symptomatically; their mean age was 62 years (range 49-68). The mean lesion size was 16 mm (range 7-24). All five lesions showed features of a complex sclerosing lesion/radial scar in the form of central sclerosis with elastosis and radiating benign entrapped tubules. One had associated benign papillary structures and two had focal benign squamous metaplasia. Four cases showed coexisting but distinct areas of low-grade adenosquamous carcinoma with glandular and squamous epithelial differentiation in a spindle cell background. One case had associated undifferentiated spindle cell carcinoma. Detailed immunophenotypic characteristics of two cases are presented. CONCLUSIONS: This series illustrates a postulated but previously unconfirmed association between an unusual form of metaplastic breast carcinoma (adenosquamous carcinoma) and complex sclerosing lesions. The mechanisms of induction of breast carcinoma are poorly understood but these observations further emphasize the potential for sclerosing lesion of the breast to be associated with, and possibly give rise to, invasive carcinoma of different types. The precise nature of the interaction between the pathological processes remains unclear.
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10/148. Cutaneous fibrosis induced by docetaxel: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: Docetaxel is a taxoid antineoplastic agent approved for use in the treatment of metastatic breast carcinoma. The current study reports an unusual case of generalized cutaneous fibrosis in a 39-year-old white female after treatment with 18 cycles of docetaxel for metastatic breast carcinoma. methods: Cutaneous fibrosis represents a rare and unique reaction associated with the cyclic use of docetaxel. The reaction is manifested by a distinct sequence of events involving pronounced edema followed by the rapid development of cutaneous fibrosis in dependent areas. RESULTS: Cessation of therapy results in dramatic reversal of the fibrotic process. CONCLUSIONS: This case report further substantiates the belief that docetaxel represents one of a very limited number of agents that appear capable of giving rise to scleroderma-like features.
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