Cases reported "Breast Neoplasms"

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1/428. Angiosarcoma. A rare secondary malignancy after breast cancer treatment.

    life-saving mastectomy and radiation therapy are established in the treatment of early stage breast cancer. Angiosarcoma, i.e. malignant angioendothelioma, is a rare tumor which can develop after several years of such treatment. The number of post-operative and post-irradiation angiosarcomas has increased in recent years. We report four cases of angiosarcoma which occurred after treatment of breast cancer and review the literature. In two of these cases the angiosarcoma developed on the irradiated breast skin after partial mastectomy and radiation therapy, in the other two cases the angiosarcoma appeared on a chronically edematous arm after radical mastectomy and radiation therapy.
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2/428. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed.
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3/428. The CO 2 laser in mastectomy: a ten-year follow-up.

    We compared the healing process, postoperative course, and follow-up of patients who underwent modified radical mastectomy in the conventional way with those who underwent a laser procedure. Sixty women, aged 33 to 77 years, who suffered from carcinoma of the breast were randomly divided into two groups: Group 1: surgery was performed using scalpel and electrosurgery; Group 2: surgery was performed with a CO 2 Sharplan laser, skin-to-skin including the axilla dissection; maximal power, 40-60 W. The postoperative course was uneventful in both groups. wound healing was normal. sutures were removed on the tenth day. patients were followed at the Outpatient Clinic for 10 years. The circumference of the arm and forearm was measured at fixed points before surgery and at follow-up. mammography and liver and bone scans were performed every year. Four Group 1 patients developed swelling and edema of 2 to 3 cm at 6 to 8 months after surgery. Also two patients from subgroup A developed local recurrence. No edema or swelling or local recurrence could be detected in patients operated by laser. Surgery with laser is preferable to the conventional approach.
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keywords = operative
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4/428. Pneumocystography of benign and malignant intracystic growths of the female breast.

    Pneumocystography established the preoperative diagnosis of 20 intracystic breast tumours including 9 benign intracystic papillomas and 11 cases of intracystic carcinoma generally considered to be a rarity. The method is described and details about the clinical and radiologic appearances of both benign and malignant intracystic tumours are given. The importance and advantages of the method are emphasized.
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5/428. Quadruple cancer including bilateral breasts, Vater's papilla, and urinary bladder: report of a case.

    We herein report a rare case of quadruple carcinoma with heterochronous bilateral breast cancer, cancer of Vater's papilla, and cancer of the urinary bladder, which were all curatively resected. A 62-year-old woman previously underwent right and left modified radical mastectomies heterochronously. Recently, a dilatation of the lower bile duct, diagnosed as cancer of Vater's papilla, was resected by a pancreatoduodenectomy. hematuria during surgery led to the discovery of a solid bladder tumor. The tumor was resected by a transurethral resection. The histopathologic findings differed for all four lesions. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and to date has shown no recurrence.
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6/428. granular cell tumor of the breast: report of a case.

    A case of granular cell tumor of the breast in a 43-year-old woman is described. The patient presented with a painless mass in the upper-outer quadrant of her right breast. mammography showed a spiculated tumor and ultrasonography demonstrated a hypoechoic mass with an irregular border. Magnetic resonance (MR) mammography revealed a homogeneous enhanced mass in T1-weighted images using Gd-DTPA and a ringed high-intensity area around the mass in T2-weighted images. Fine-needle aspiration cytology failed to show any malignant cells. A partial resection of the breast was performed and histological examination revealed a granular cell tumor. Granular cell tumors are generally always benign, but they may be misdiagnosed as malignant tumors because of their mammographic and ultrasonographic findings. MR mammography did not reveal a typical breast cancer in either T1- or T2-weighted images in the present case. This case illustrates the need for care in preoperative examinations in order to avoid overdiagnosis of breast cancer.
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7/428. radiation-induced localized scleroderma in breast cancer patients.

    radiation-induced scleroderma in breast cancer patients appears to occur in approximately one out of every 500 patients. We report four cases that developed within 3 months of conservative breast surgery and postoperative radiation treatment. The reaction was contained entirely within the treatment field and demonstrated the typical features of this condition where the breast becomes erythematous, violaceous, indurated, retracted, and progressively pigmented. The breast tends to soften and become more comfortable over 1-4 years; however, significant induration, retraction and pigmentary changes remain. There appears to be no predictive factors. radiation-induced scleroderma must be differentiated from cellulitis and recurrent breast cancer.
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8/428. breast cancer associated with Recklinghausen's disease: report of a case.

    A 49-year-old woman with Recklinghausen's disease presented to our department for investigation of a left breast lump, measuring 60 mm x 50 mm, which she had first noticed 6 months earlier, but had disregarded, believing it to be another manifestation of her Recklinghausen's disease. The lump was suspected to be malignant based on physical examination and ultrasonography. biopsy and frozen sections subsequently confirmed a diagnosis of scirrhous carcinoma. A standard radical mastectomy was performed, followed by postoperative chemoendocrine therapy. However, lungs, liver, and bone metastasis, as well as a contralateral breast tumor, developed and she died 4 months after surgery.
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9/428. Identification of bilateral breast sentinel lymph nodes draining primary melanoma of the back by preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative mapping.

    A 30-year-old white woman with a primary malignant melanoma of her right back at the Sappey line, 4 cm from the midline at the L2 level, underwent preoperative lymphoscintigraphy and intraoperative mapping of the sentinel lymph node using lymphazurin injection at the primary site and a hand-held gamma probe. lymphoscintigraphy showed one sentinel lymph node in each breast and another one in the right axilla. These three sentinel lymph nodes were accurately identified using a hand-held gamma probe during operation. An additional sentinel and one nonsentinel lymph node from the right axilla were harvested. All four sentinel lymph nodes were blue and showed significantly elevated radioactivity compared with background. Histologic analysis showed that all these lymph nodes were negative for metastatic melanoma. She has been followed for a period of 26.7 months since her selective sentinel lymphadenectomy and has been free of disease to date. This case illustrates the importance of preoperative lymphoscintigraphy in identifying in-transit sentinel lymph nodes in both breasts in addition to the clinically predictable sentinel lymph node(s) in the right axilla.
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ranking = 11
keywords = operative
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10/428. Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the breast: breast conservation therapy in two patients.

    We report two patients with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the breast who were treated with breast conservation therapy. These two patients were diagnosed with primary breast lymphoma by fine-needle aspiration cytology and underwent tumorectomy followed by adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. follow-up studies showed that the two patients were free of disease for two and three years, respectively. To date, there exists no therapeutic standard for this disease and there is no survival advantage for patients who undergo radical mastectomy. Despite the rarity of lymphoma in the breast, a preoperative accurate diagnosis is essential so that unnecessary, extended breast ablation or delayed treatment is avoided. Cytologic diagnosis of breast lymphoma is an easy procedure and provides guidance for appropriate preoperative management. early diagnosis combined with breast conservation therapy and systemic adjuvant therapy results in a favorable outcome for patients with breast lymphoma.
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keywords = operative
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