Cases reported "Breast Neoplasms"

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1/5224. Unusual vascular changes in the red pulp of the spleen accompanying breast carcinoma metastasis.

    The prevalence of splenic metastasis from carcinomas varies between 2% and 13% in autopsy studies. Most of them are clinically inapparent. We report herein the case of a splenic metastasis revealing breast carcinoma in a 73-year old woman. splenectomy was performed to correct hypersplenism. Macroscopically, the cut surface of the spleen was uniform and pale. On microscopical examination, the metastatic infiltration involved both red and white pulp as single cells, cords and micro-nodules. Tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA). The breast origin of this splenic metastasis was supported by the increase of CA 15-3 level, and by the appearance of axillary lymphadenopathy. In addition, the red pulp sinuses were obliterated by multiple thrombi at different stages of development and the splenic cords were collagenized. These changes could result from an unusual stromal reaction. ( info)

2/5224. Axillary metastases of an occult primary carcinoma of the breast-discovered only by 99mTc-tetrofosmin scintigraphy.

    Recent reports consider 99mTc-tetrofosmin scintigraphy to be a powerful new diagnostic tool for discriminating malignant from benign breast disease. We report on a woman suffering from histologically confirmed axillary metastases of a primary unknown, occult carcinoma, whose origin was suspected within the breast. All the diagnostic procedures performed to discover any lesion failed or were inconclusive. The primary cancer was clearly visualized, however, in the right breast by means of 99mTc-tetrofosmin scintigraphy. Conclusion. We suggest that 99mTc-tetrofosmin scintigraphy is a powerful method to detect breast cancer, especially when other diagnostic imaging procedures are inconclusive. ( info)

3/5224. Angiosarcoma. A rare secondary malignancy after breast cancer treatment.

    life-saving mastectomy and radiation therapy are established in the treatment of early stage breast cancer. Angiosarcoma, i.e. malignant angioendothelioma, is a rare tumor which can develop after several years of such treatment. The number of post-operative and post-irradiation angiosarcomas has increased in recent years. We report four cases of angiosarcoma which occurred after treatment of breast cancer and review the literature. In two of these cases the angiosarcoma developed on the irradiated breast skin after partial mastectomy and radiation therapy, in the other two cases the angiosarcoma appeared on a chronically edematous arm after radical mastectomy and radiation therapy. ( info)

4/5224. Isolation and characterization of a new human breast cancer cell line, KPL-4, expressing the Erb B family receptors and interleukin-6.

    A new human breast cancer cell line, KPL-4, was recently isolated from the malignant pleural effusion of a breast cancer patient with an inflammatory skin metastasis. This cell line can be cultured under serum-free conditions and is tumorigenic in female athymic nude mice. Flow cytometric analysis revealed the expression of Erb B-1, -2 and -3. Dot blot hybridization showed a 15-fold amplification of the erb B-2. reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis showed a detectable level of mRNA expression of all the Erb B family receptors. In addition, all the receptors were autophosphorylated under a serum-supplemented condition. Unexpectedly, transplanted KPL-4 tumours induced cachexia of recipient mice. A high concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6) was detected in both the culture medium and the serum of mice. The weight of tumours significantly correlated with the serum IL-6 level. The antiproliferative effect of a humanized anti-Erb B-2 monoclonal antibody, rhuMAbHER2, was investigated. This antibody significantly inhibited the growth of KPL-4 cells in vitro but modestly in vivo. Loss of mouse body weight was partly reversed by rhuMAbHER2. These findings suggest that KPL-4 cells may be useful in the development of new strategies against breast cancer overexpressing the Erb B family receptors and against IL-6-induced cachexia. ( info)

5/5224. peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis caused by Propionibacteria species.

    There are an increasing number of reports about unusual causes of peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The Propionibacteria species is a microorganism that is a normal skin flora. Under the presence of certain risk factors, it may produce serious infections. patients at risk of having Propionibacteria sp infections have malignancy, diabetes mellitus, foreign bodies, or immunodeficiency. We describe a PD-associated peritonitis in a 51-year-old woman that was caused by Propionibacteria sp. This patient's risk factors for developing Propionibacteria sp peritonitis include a history of crest syndrome, malignancy of the breast, and recent catheter surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a PD-associated peritonitis caused by Propionibacteria sp reported in the literature. ( info)

6/5224. breast cancer and hiv: what do we know?

    The present acquired human immunodeficiency syndrome-defining neoplasms are Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkins lymphoma, and cervical cancer. However, other malignancies have recently been associated with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) infection. Is there also a link between breast cancer and hiv infection? breast cancer seems to be more aggressive in the setting of immunocompromise by hiv infection, as demonstrated by the clinical course of two patients recently treated at this institution and review of the available literature. As the acquired human immunodeficiency syndrome epidemic affects increasing numbers of women and survival improves, surgeons will be frequently called on to diagnose and treat breast cancer in the hiv patient. ( info)

7/5224. coronavirus pneumonia following autologous bone marrow transplantation for breast cancer.

    infectious bronchitis virus, otherwise known as coronavirus, can cause mild upper respiratory tract illnesses in children and adults. Rarely has coronavirus been linked, either by serology or nasal wash, to pneumonia. We report a case of a young woman who, following treatment for stage IIIA breast cancer using a high-dose chemotherapy regimen followed by autologous bone marrow and stem cell transplantation, developed respiratory failure and was found to have coronavirus pneumonia as diagnosed by electron microscopy from BAL fluid. We propose that coronavirus should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute respiratory failure in cancer patients who have undergone high-dose chemotherapy and autologous hematopoietic support. ( info)

8/5224. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a history of previous malignancy.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association between implants and malignancy has been discussed in the literature, but never as a cause of loosening of joint arthroplasty. methods: The records of all patients who underwent revision arthroplasty at our institution between 1992 and 1995 were reviewed. RESULTS: Among 93 patients who underwent revision hip arthroplasties, 11 (11.8%) had a history of previous malignancy. At surgery, in 2 of these patients, metastasis was found to be the cause of loosening in the affected hip. CONCLUSIONS: When revision hip arthroplasty is considered, patients with a history of malignancy require attenuated pre-, intra-, and postoperative workup. Management algorithm in such cases is proposed. ( info)

9/5224. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of cystic hypersecretory ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast: a case report.

    Cystic hypersecretory intraductal carcinoma is an unusual, cystic form of intraductal breast carcinoma affecting middle-aged women. Cytopathologists have rarely encountered this lesion, with only 2 other cases having been previously reported (Colandrea et al., Arch Pathol Lab Med 1988:112:560-563; Kim et al., Acta Cytol 1997;41:892-896). In our cases, the cytologic findings of both air-dried, Diff-Quick-stained and ethanol-fixed, Papanicolaou-stained smears are presented. The cytologic hallmarks of this entity include the presence of a few scattered epithelial cells with bland nuclear morphology in a background of extensive, amorphous, pink-staining material. Cytomorphologically, the differential diagnosis includes other entities containing pink-staining material such as colloid carcinoma, mucocele-like lesion of the breast, and benign fibrocystic change. ( info)

10/5224. Double-phase 99mTc-sestamibi scintimammography and trans-scan in diagnosing breast cancer.

    The goal of our study was to assess the value of both scintimammography with 99mTc-sestamibi (SMM) and trans-scan (T-scan) in detecting breast cancer. methods: A total of 121 women were evaluated by palpation, mammography, SMM and T-scan. SMM was performed in the prone, breast dependent position. Immediate and delayed views (double-phase) were obtained. T-scan is a new breast imaging method that maps noninvasively the distribution of tissue electrical impedance and capacitance. RESULTS: SMM had 88.9% sensitivity, 88.4% specificity and 88.4% accuracy in detecting breast cancer. SMM had 100% sensitivity in detecting breast tumors >1 cm and only 66% sensitivity in detecting tumors <1 cm. T-scan had 72.2% sensitivity and 67% specificity in detecting breast cancer. It detected one more breast cancer than SMM, at the expense of 27 additional false-positive results. CONCLUSION: Double-phase SMM was sensitive and specific in detecting breast cancer. This method may reduce the rate of negative breast biopsies in tumors >1 cm. T-scan was only moderately accurate in detecting breast cancer. Its addition to SMM did not improve significantly the rate of breast cancer detection. However, because of its complete noninvasiveness, large-scale applicability and low cost, T-scan deserves further refining. ( info)
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