Cases reported "Calcinosis"

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1/344. Type 1 GM1 gangliosidosis with basal ganglia calcification: a case report.

    This report concerns a 10-month-old boy, admitted to the veterans General Hospital-Kaohsiung with generalized tonic convulsion and aspiration pneumonia. He was found to have had developmental regression, progressive hypotonia and hepatosplenomegaly since four months of age. physical examination revealed a large head circumference (97th percentile), frontal bossing, depressed nasal bridge, hepatosplenomegaly, broad hands and short fingers. neurologic examination showed poor control of eye movement, profound hypotonia, muscle weakness, brisk deep tendon reflexes and Babinski's sign. Hypoplasia of the vertebral bodies with anterior beaking, wedge-shaped metacarpals, spatulated ribs and a J-shaped sella turcica were displayed on bone radiographs. Cranial computerized tomography scans showed diffuse brain atrophy, dilated ventricles and calcification of the bilateral basal ganglia. Vacuolated lymphocytes were noted in a peripheral blood smear. Type 1 GM1 gangliosidosis was diagnosed based on a deficiency of beta-galactosidase activity. To our knowledge, basal ganglia calcification in type 1 GM1 gangliosidosis has never been reported in the literature. We suggest that type 1 GM1 gangliosidosis be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with an early onset of neurologic decline, organomegaly and basal ganglia calcification.
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keywords = ventricle
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2/344. Calcified chronic subdural hematoma: case report.

    Calcified or ossified chronic subdural hematoma is a rare entity that usually presents as a space-occupying lesion over the cerebral convexity. We report a case of calcified and ossified chronic subdural hematoma in an unusual location that has not been previously reported. A 24-year-old man with a history of tonic-clonic convulsions since 7 months of age was admitted because of increasing frequency and duration of seizures. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a fusiform extra-axial lesion just above the tentorium and adjacent to the cerebral falx. A calcified and ossified chronic subdural hematoma was noted and was almost completely removed by craniotomy. Better seizure control was achieved by removal of the calcified chronic subdural hematoma. Calcified subdural hematoma, calcified epidural hematoma, calcified empyema, meningioma, calcified arachnoid cyst, and calcified convexity of the dura mater with acute epidural hematoma should be considered for the differential diagnosis of an extra-axial calcified lesion.
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ranking = 2.6820246873809
keywords = cerebral
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3/344. Intracranial calcification mimicking the sturge-weber syndrome: a consequence of cerebral folic acid deficiency?

    Cerebral cortical calcification identical to that of the sturge-weber syndrome was observed in two children. In one child the calcification appeared after intrathecal administration of methotrexate and skull irradiation because of leukemia involving the central nervous system. In the other child, who had coeliac disease and epilepsy, the calcification appeared after treatment with anticonvulsants. This treatment was also contributing to the development of profound megaloblastic anemia. The unspecificity of the Sturge-Weber calcification is stressed and the hypothesis is put forward that the calcification may be secondary to folic acid deficiency interfering with the matabolism in the central nervous system.
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ranking = 5.3640493747618
keywords = cerebral
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4/344. Extensive brain calcification in two children with bilateral Coats' disease.

    We report two children with bilateral Coats' disease associated with cerebral calcifications in the basal ganglia and deep white matter, asymptomatic at the time of their discovery. cerebellar ataxia developed secondarily in one of them. Both children were born small for date and had febrile convulsive seizures. Three similar patients have been previously reported, two of them in the same sibship; the third reported patient died of aplastic anemia. Bilateral Coats' disease in children should prompt systematic CT scan in search of cerebral calcifications. If present, neurological and genetic prognosis should be cautious.
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ranking = 2.6820246873809
keywords = cerebral
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5/344. A distinct difference in clinical expression of two siblings with Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome.

    Two sibs with an encephalopathy, including intracerebral calcification and a white matter disease, are reported. In the younger sister, the cerebrospinal fluid showed chronic pleocytosis and clinically she strictly fits to the diagnosis of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome. Both sisters were affected by a spastic tetraplegia, truncal hypotonia and dystonic posturing, but the clinical course and the neuroradiological findings were milder in the older sister and she showed no cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. The present cases and recent reports of intrafamilial variability of Aicardi-Goutieres syndrome may raise interesting aspects as to the limits and criteria of this syndrome.
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ranking = 1.3410123436904
keywords = cerebral
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6/344. hemangioma calcificans. Case report of an intraparenchymatous calcified vascular hematoma with epileptogenic potential.

    A middle-aged woman, with a previous history of medically suppressed absence attacks, presented with mild changes in mental status and a skull film demonstrating several areas of mottled, granular, intracranial calcifications. These lesions, although readily visible on computerized tomography, appeared avascular during the course of cerebral angiography. At the time of surgery the masses, which were densely calcified and generally circular, demonstrated numerous areas of superficial, white, verrucous excrescences. Microscopic, pathological evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of hemangioma calcificans. The literature describing this rare entity is briefly reviewed.
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ranking = 1.3410123436904
keywords = cerebral
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7/344. Extraventricular neurocytoma with ganglionic differentiation associated with complex partial seizures.

    We report an unusual case of extraventricular ("cerebral") neurocytoma with ganglion cells located in the right temporal lobe in a 9-year-old girl with complex partial seizures and precocious puberty. CT showed a calcified mass with central cystic zones. MR imaging showed a markedly hyperintense predominately solid tumor on both T1- and T2-weighted images, without appreciable contrast enhancement. Cerebral neurocytomas are histologically benign and radical surgery is curative; they should be included in the differential diagnosis of temporal lobe tumors in children.
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ranking = 1.3410123436904
keywords = cerebral
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8/344. Syndrome of microcephaly, microphthalmia, cataracts, and intracranial calcification.

    We present two sisters with microcephaly, developmental delay, marked microphthalmia, congenital cataracts, cerebral and cerebellar hypoplasia, and intracranial calcification. No evidence of intrauterine infection was found. There have been previous reports of microcephaly, intracranial calcification, and an intrauterine infection-like autosomal recessive condition, but the sibs in this report appear to represent a more severe form of such a condition or a previously undescribed entity.
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ranking = 1.3410123436904
keywords = cerebral
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9/344. Localized pericarditis with calcifications mimicking a pericardial tumor.

    A 62-year-old man was admitted with increasing palpitations. radiography of the chest demonstrated a calcified mass. magnetic resonance imaging revealed compression of the right ventricle by a tumor. At the time of cardiac catheterization, the coronary arteries were found not to supply blood flow of the mass, and no dip-and-plateau pattern was seen in the right ventricular pressure measurements. At the time of surgery, the mass was found to be a focal calcified thickening of the pericardium containing only pus. The thickening resembled an oval pericardial tumor. Microbiologic examination of the pus revealed propionibacterium acnes.
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keywords = ventricle
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10/344. String-plucking as a mechanism of chordal rupture during balloon mitral valvuloplasty using inoue balloon catheter.

    Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy using the Inoue technique was performed in a 59-year-old female with mitral stenosis and a severely calcified mitral leaflets. Although not entrapped in the subvalvular apparatus, the balloon catheter was deviated away from the mitral orifice-apex axis of the left ventricle during the inflation of the proximal balloon, which plucked and severed the chordae tendineae of the posterior mitral leaflet and resulted in severe mitral regurgitation.
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keywords = ventricle
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