Cases reported "Candidiasis, Oral"

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1/24. Spontaneous gingival bleeding in an otherwise asymptomatic patient.

    This case is presented to challenge the reader to formulate a differential diagnosis for a patient who visits the dentist with spontaneous, continuous gingival bleeding. When this situation occurs, it is serious and requires immediate attention and a specific treatment plan to arrive at the underlying diagnosis and control the bleeding. The signs and symptoms of a patient with gingival bleeding are presented for diagnosis; the history and management are detailed, and may be useful in diagnosing and treating similar patients.
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2/24. Complete dentures and the associated soft tissues.

    Some of the conditions of the soft tissues related to complete dentures encountered during a period of 25 years at a university clinic were presented and discussed from the standpoint of the clinical prosthodontist. During this time, over 1,000 denture patients were treated each year. For some conditions, a method of management was offered with treatment by sound prosthodontic principles rather than unneccessary medication. That denture fabrication involves much more than mere mechanical procedures is an understatement. Complete dentures are foreign objects in the oral cavity that are accepted and tolerated by the tissue to a degree that is surprising. As prosthodontists, we can gain satisfaction from the realization that the incidence of oral cancer due to dentures is less than extremely low. At the same time, we must be ever mindful of the statement by Sheppard and associates. "Complete dentures are not the innocuous devices we often think they are." Every dentist must remember that one of his greatest missions is to serve as a detection agency for cancer. The information discussed indicates (1) the need for careful examination of the mouth, (2) the value of a rest period of 8 hours every day for the supporting tissues, and (3) the importance of regular recall visits for denture patients. Robinson stated that while the dental laboratory technician can be trained to aid the dentist in the fabrication of prosthetic devices, his lack of knowledge of reactions and diseases of the oral tissues limits him to an auxiliary role. Complete prosthodontics is a highly specialized health service that greatly affects the health, welfare, and well-being of the patient. It can be rendered only by the true professional who is educated in the biomedical sciences.
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keywords = dental
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3/24. Identification of Candida dubliniensis in a study of HIV-seropositive pediatric dental patients.

    PURPOSE: The combination of an immature immune system and suppressed cellular immunity in children with hiv infections provides optimal conditions for rapid disease progression. As a result, pediatric AIDS has become a major epidemiological challenge. Oral fungal colonization remains one of the most common opportunistic infections observed in both adult and pediatric HIV infected patients. Although candida albicans is the most frequently isolated opportunistic fungal species, a recently characterized Candida species, C. dubliniensis, has gained considerable attention due to its almost exclusive association with HIV-seropositive individuals. The purpose of this study was to prospectively screen for the presence of C. dubliniensis among pediatric HIV patients. methods: Oral samples taken from twenty-seven children were cultured for the presence of yeast. All positive yeast isolates obtained were screened for the presence of C. dubliniensis by use of tests for germ tube and chlamydospore production, detection of inability to grow at 45 degrees C, by colony color on CHROMagar Candida medium, coaggregation with fusobacterium nucleatum ATCC 49256 and by the results of sugar assimilation testing with the API 20C AUX yeast identification system. RESULTS: Among the 27 patients tested, 3 patients were found to harbor C. dubliniensis, one of which also grew C. glabrata; 12 patients were colonized with C. albicans, while the remaining 12 patients were negative for yeast. Identification of the three C. dubliniensis isolates was genetically confirmed by electrophoretic karyotyping. All three C. dubliniensis isolates were found to be susceptible to fluconazole (MIC < or = 0.25 ug/ml). CONCLUSIONS: These results confirm the presence of this novel species in a dental pediatric HIV seropositive population and support the need for further investigation into the prevalence and pathogenesis of C. dubliniensis.
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ranking = 0.15338305592128
keywords = dental
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4/24. Aplastic anemia: current concepts and dental management.

    Aplastic anemia (AA) is a rare blood dyscrasia in which the peripheral blood cells are decreased because of bone marrow failure. The clinical course reflects the severity of pancytopenia and is unpredictable for the individual. hemorrhage and infection remain the major threats to these patients. Recent advances in transfusion medicine, infection management, bone marrow transplantation, and immunosuppressive therapy have improved survival of patients with AA. oral manifestations of AA are common and may have serious sequelae. Two cases of acute periodontal infection associated with AA are presented. Dental management guidelines are presented in the context of interdisciplinary care.
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ranking = 0.12270644473703
keywords = dental
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5/24. Oral lesions in patients with psoriasis: clinical presentation and management.

    psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that rarely involves the oral cavity. In this report we describe 2 cases, initially diagnosed with cutaneous psoriasis, that present with oral lesions on the attached gingiva. The clinical appearance and differential diagnosis are presented and discussed. Case 1 describes the non-surgical management of intraoral psoriasiform lesions and the use of a free gingival graft to restore an area of gingival recession resulting from an oral lesion. The second case outlines the use of topical corticosteroid therapy as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy. Although patients with cutaneous psoriasis rarely present with oral involvement, the clinician should be aware that oral lesions may occur. Accurate diagnosis is dependent on a thorough clinical examination, a biopsy of the oral lesions, and a history of cutaneous psoriasis.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = gingival
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6/24. The dental management of a patient with a cocaine-induced maxillofacial defect: a case report.

    There are several dental complications associated with cocaine abuse, including adverse reactions to dental anesthetics, post-operative bleeding, and cellulitis, which can lead to necrosis of orbital, nasal, and palatal bones. Following is a report of the initial treatment rendered to a patient who had destroyed most of her hard palate over a ten-year period of cocaine abuse. There are no classic socio-economic or educational profiles for abusers of cocaine. Drug abuse victims may present as patients in any dental office. Though there are certain classic physiological and psychological symptoms of their condition, they may not display symptoms at all.
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ranking = 0.21473627828979
keywords = dental
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7/24. The investigation of major salivary gland agenesis: a case report.

    Salivary gland agenesis is an extremely uncommon congenital anomaly, which may cause a profound xerostomia in children. The oral sequelae includes dental caries, candidosis, and ascending sialadenitits. The present report details a child with rampant dental caries secondary to xerostomia. Despite having oral disease for many years, the congenital absence of all the salivary glands failed to be established until early adulthood. The appropriate investigation and management of the xerostomic child allows a definitive diagnosis to be made and attention focused on the prevention and treatment of resultant oral disease.
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ranking = 0.061353222368513
keywords = dental
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8/24. Intraoral melanoma: long-term follow-up and implication for dental clinicians. A case report and literature review.

    Primary intraoral melanoma is a rare neoplasm with a poor prognosis, accounting for 1% to 8% of all melanoma in europe and the united states. The incidence (12%) and 5-year survival rate (17.4%) are higher in japan. We report a case of oral lentiginous melanoma in a Japanese-American man who survived disease-free for more than 5 years after surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy but developed chronic mucositis of the palate under the denture in the primary radiated field. This lesion responded to antifungal therapy. Subsequent multiple biopsies ruled out the recurrence of melanoma but demonstrated prolonged melanocytic hyperplasia and focal epithelial atypia. We reviewed clinical differences in oral melanoma reported in the united states and Japanese literature, and describe the wide variety of oral clinical features of postoperative radiation and chemotherapy, as well as the oral tissue changes caused by denture-induced mucositis and candidiasis in such patients. Dental clinicians should conduct a thorough head, neck, and oral follow-up with increased vigilance in patients with a history of prior cancer.
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ranking = 0.12270644473703
keywords = dental
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9/24. Management of a patient with mobius syndrome: a case report.

    mobius syndrome is a rare congenital disorder with the primary diagnostic criteria of congenital facial and abducent nerve palsy. Orofacial anomalies and limb malformations may be associated with the disorder. Involvement of other cranial nerves also is common. Occasionally, the V, X, XI, and XII cranial nerves are involved, resulting in difficulty of chewing, swallowing, and coughing, which often leads to respiratory complications. Mental retardation and autism have been reported in some cases. An 18-year-old Hispanic male came to the general practice Residency clinic at the University of illinois at chicago for dental treatment. The patient had a history of mobius syndrome, mental retardation, and behavioral problems. Because of acute situational anxiety and violent behavior, we arranged for the patient to have general anesthesia while we provided complete oral rehabilitation. This article discusses the treatment of a patient, including special considerations taken during anesthesia and dental management. A review of the special challenges concerning patients with such a condition are reviewed.
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ranking = 0.061353222368513
keywords = dental
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10/24. Rapidly progressive periodontitis as an important clinical marker for HIV disease.

    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients are in desperate need of the clinical therapies that can enable them to retain their dentition for the rest of their lives. It is important to weigh the social, clinical-oral, and radiographic assessments with all patients, especially those with undiagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Many experience denial and are noncompliant with both medical and dental prevention. Many HIV-infection-related sequelae are first seen intraorally; dentists must be aware of them and consider all patients as HIV carriers until proved otherwise. HIV-associated gingivitis has been demonstrated to progress to HIV-associated periodontitis. Therefore, early recognition and management of HIV-associated gingivitis is essential to prevent the rapid loss of hard and soft periodontal tissues.
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ranking = 0.030676611184256
keywords = dental
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