Cases reported "Candidiasis, Oral"

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11/24. Progressive osseous destruction as a complication of hiv-periodontitis.

    A pathologic condition is described, characterized by rampant necrosis of gingival mucosa, periodontium, and related osseous structures associated with systemic infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). It is believed that this condition is an extension beyond the normal clinical course of hiv-periodontitis (hiv-P) and manifests itself in three progressive stages: (1) hiv-associated gingivitis, (2) hiv-P, and (3) an extension of hiv-P to osseous necrosis. Two cases of osseous destruction attending hiv-P are reported, one of which led to initial diagnosis of hiv infection. They represent the final stage of disease progression with localized necrosis of gingiva, periodontium, and alveolar bone.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gingival
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12/24. Familial hypoparathyroidism with candidiasis and mental retardation.

    Five new cases of the syndrome of hypoparathyroidism, candidiasis, and mental retardation are described and the importance of the dental findings in contributing toward a definite diagnosis is stressed. The close consanguineous relationship of the parents, first cousins in all of these cases, makes imperative the consideration of the concept that the syndrome is a congenital defect, transmitted by a recessive gene.
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ranking = 0.18405966710554
keywords = dental
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13/24. Pulmonary nocardiosis associated with primary nocardial infection of the oral cavity.

    A case of pulmonary nocardiosis associated with primary nocardial infection of the oral cavity in a compromised host is presented. nocardia asteroides, an aerobic, gram-positive, branching, filamentous fungus, was demonstrated in the sputum and in pathologic specimens from gingival sulci stained by Gram's method and the acid-fast method Kinyoun. The organism was identified in cultures made on Sabouraud's glucose agar. Marked clinical improvement was noted when the patient received high dosage of sulfisoxazole diolamine (8 to 12 Gm. per day) for a prolonged period of time (9 to 12 months). Because of an apparent relative increase in the incidence of nocardiosis and a paucity of information on the subject in the dental literature, this article is timely.
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ranking = 1.1840596671055
keywords = gingival, dental
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14/24. Felty's syndrome.

    An unusual case is presented in which a patient complained of oral ulceration and soreness of the mouth and throat. The results of clinical and laboratory investigations are reported and it was concluded that these oral symptoms were associated with Felty's syndrome. After treatment of oral infection and a dental clearance the patient was virtually symptom-free for five months. The patient had a relapse and was admitted to hospital for treatment of overwhelming infection. splenectomy was performed without sustained benefit and the patient died six weeks later.
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ranking = 0.18405966710554
keywords = dental
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15/24. Acute gingival necrosis caused by drug-induced agranulocytosis.

    A case of acute gingival necrosis, which was caused by drug-induced agranulocytosis, is reported. The patient had classic signs and symptoms, and the treatment of oral lesions was symptomatic. regeneration of the gingival mucosa was almost complete 20 days after the onset of the disease.
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ranking = 6
keywords = gingival
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16/24. Oral complications in a patient with acute lymphocytic leukemia: a report of case.

    Herpes viruses and candida albicans are among the most common opportunistic pathogens infecting patients with neoplastic disease, especially those patients receiving cancer chemotherapy. Herpes virus infections have increased as treatment of oncological disease has become more aggressive and immunosuppression disorders have become more prevalent. herpes simplex virus on the lips and mouth of a patient receiving chemotherapy can progress to multiple lesions in the mouth, larynx, and in rare instances can lead to pneumonitis and widely disseminated infection. The management and dental findings of a 13-year-old patient with acute lymphocytic leukemia are described.
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ranking = 0.18405966710554
keywords = dental
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17/24. Persistent, painful ulcerations of the hard palate and buccal mucosa.

    C albicans is an opportunistic fungus that produces infection almost exclusively in debilitated or immunocompromised people. The importance of the recognition of candidiasis is not only in the prompt institution of appropriate therapy but also in the identification and treatment of underlying systemic disease. The high rate of occurrence of candidiasis in patients with AIDS or ARC, often as the first symptom, is of significance to the dental practitioner, who may be the first health professional to see such patients.
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ranking = 0.18405966710554
keywords = dental
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18/24. The thalassemias: oral manifestations and complications.

    The signs, symptoms, and potential complications of the thalassemias are discussed. A case of thalassemia minor is presented, with emphasis on how the condition may affect the dental management of the patient.
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ranking = 0.18405966710554
keywords = dental
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19/24. Refractory oral candidiasis. Report of a case.

    A 55-year-old male patient with no significant medical history or systemic physical findings was found, on routine dental examination, to have an oral candida albicans infection. The condition failed to clear completely after 21 days of nystatin therapy. A 5-day course of clotrimazole was then initiated. Complete clearing of all signs of candida infection occurred in 48 hours, but the infection recurred by the twentieth day of follow-up. A 14-day regimen was then prescribed. Again, the condition cleared in 48 hours, and at the 6-month follow-up all signs of candida involvement, including cultures and smears, remained negative. As no reports of the use of clotrimazole vaginal tablets in oral candidiasis clinically refractory to nystatin therapy were found in the literature of the last 11 years, it was thought that this case was of significant interest.
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ranking = 0.18405966710554
keywords = dental
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20/24. Dental manifestations of autoimmune hypoparathyroidism.

    The histopathologic changes in three permanent molars from two siblings with autoimmune hypoparathyroidism as part of candida endocrinopathy syndrome are described. These teeth developed after the diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism and while each subject was receiving vitamin d and calcium supplementation. The pathogenesis of the dental changes is unknown, but it is possible that parathormone may directly influence tooth development independent of its role in calcium and phosphorous homeostasis.
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ranking = 0.18405966710554
keywords = dental
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