Cases reported "Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic"

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1/275. Follicular carcinoma in ectopic thyroid gland. A case report.

    Ectopic thyroid rest can be seen anywhere along the path of descent of the gland. The most ectopic thyroid tissue is a thyroglossal duct cyst associated with normal thyroid gland. Sublingual location is less common than a lingual ectopia. True malignant transformation in ectopic thyroid tissue is extremely rare. Such a malignancy is virtually always diagnosed only after surgical excision of the lesion at pathological examination. This report discusses a case of ectopic thyroid follicular carcinoma in the right submandibular region in the absence of orthotopic thyroid, discovered by chance after the surgical excision performed for a preoperative ultrasonically and cytologically misdiagnosed submandibular gland adenocystic carcinoma. The possible aetiology of such an unusual anatomical relationship is discussed as well as the importance of thyroid scanning, ultrasound and/or CT in neck lumps.
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keywords = submandibular gland, gland, submandibular
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2/275. Intrasellar adenoid cystic carcinoma and papillary mucinous adenocarcinoma: two previously undescribed primary neoplasms at this site.

    Most carcinomas involving the sella turcica are metastases. We report two previously undescribed carcinomas that appear to be primary at this site. The first occurred in a 44-year-old woman who presented with hemianopsia. A mass was noted by computed tomography to occupy the sella turcica, from which it appeared to originate. Transphenoidal biopsy showed the tumor to be an adenoid cystic carcinoma with a typical cribriform pattern. The patient died shortly after a subsequent attempt at tumor resection. The second tumor arose in a 55-year-old man who presented with diplopia. Computed tomography showed a mass in the sella turcica that was presumed to be a pituitary adenoma. However, transphenoidal resection revealed a mucinous adenocarcinoma composed of small papillae and glands lined by columnar epithelium. The tumor cells exhibited varying degrees of stratification with prominent interspersed mucin vacuoles. Focal solid areas showed a component of signet ring-type cells. In contrast to the apparent aggressive behavior of the adenoid cystic carcinoma, the papillary mucinous adenocarcinoma appeared much less aggressive, as the second patient was alive and without evidence of disease 5 years later. Both tumors may be derived from epithelial rests within the pituitary gland, either minor salivary gland rests or Rathke's cleft remnants.
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ranking = 0.29944370472646
keywords = gland
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3/275. Unusual presentations of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland.

    PURPOSE: To report two atypical cases of pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland. methods: Two case reports are presented. The first is of a 65-year-old female with a long history of right hypoglobus with sudden recent worsening. Computed tomography (CT) showed a round, well-defined lesion in the fossa for the lacrimal gland with an anterior hypodense extension suggestive of possible malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. The tumour in the second case, a 35-year-old male, was diagnosed after presentation following a relatively minor periorbital injury. The smooth rounded mass on CT scan was suggestive of a benign lacrimal gland tumour. RESULTS: The lesion in case 1 was excised with a diagnosis of haemorrhage within a pleomorphic adenoma. The lesion in case 2 was excised with a diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland with pseudocapsule. CONCLUSIONS: Haemorrhagic cyst developing beneath the pseudocapsule of a pleomorphic adenoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of secondary development of malignancy in a pleomorphic adenoma. Adenoid cystic tumours of the lacrimal gland can present with a pseudocapsule.
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ranking = 0.89833111417938
keywords = gland
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4/275. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of Bartholin's gland: what is the optimal approach?

    AIMS AND methods: We report the case of a locally advanced adenoid cystic carcinoma of Bartholin's gland which required posterior pelvic exenteration, radical vulvectomy and ablation of the ischiorectal fossa in order to obtain tumour clearance with negative margins. Including this case, only three pelvectomies have been performed for this disease. This is the first reported case in which a controlateral unsuspected intravulvar metastasis was found on histology. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: No consensus exists on the adequate surgical management of this particular disease. Nevertheless, a review of the literature and this reported case suggest that radical vulvectomy with negative margins should be preferred to wide local excision as the primary surgical procedure. It also suggests that inguinofemoral lymph-node dissection should only be performed when suspect lymph nodes are found at clinical examination.
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ranking = 0.49907284121077
keywords = gland
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5/275. Hybrid carcinomas of salivary glands. Report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVE: To report 4 cases of hybrid carcinoma and to review the literature on these rare neoplasms of the salivary gland. methods: hematoxylin-eosin-stained, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 3 parotid tumors and 1 palate tumor were examined. RESULTS: The cases were classified as adenoid cystic and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic and epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, epithelial-myoepithelial and salivary duct carcinoma, and adenoid cystic and salivary duct carcinoma. All patients were men, 28 to 71 years old; 3 patients presented with parotid mass, and 1 patient presented with palatal mass. One patient presented with facial nerve paralysis and pain. The soft palatal tumor was a slowly growing mass with maxillary sinus involvement at the time of the diagnosis. All patients were treated with surgery and radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Correct identification of 2 or more neoplastic entities will help assess the aggressiveness and metastatic potential of the tumor and influence the clinical course and treatment.
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ranking = 0.49907284121077
keywords = gland
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6/275. Dedifferentiation occurring in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the tongue.

    A 61-year-old man came to the University of Granada School of dentistry complaining of a mass involving his ventral tongue. Histopathologic examination of the excised specimen showed adenoid cystic carcinoma in which cribriform and tubular patterns were observed, juxtaposed with an undifferentiated carcinoma, large-cell type. No cervical lymph node metastasis was present, and the patient is alive and free of disease 5 years after treatment. To our knowledge, no similar cases have been reported thus far, though other salivary gland malignancies have been described in association with undifferentiated carcinoma, especially in the parotid gland. These neoplasms have been highly aggressive, and the adequacy of the primary surgical resection may be critical in determining the ultimate prognosis and survival.
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ranking = 0.19962913648431
keywords = gland
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7/275. Hybrid carcinoma of the salivary gland: salivary duct adenocarcinoma adenoid cystic carcinoma.

    AIMS: Hybrid tumours of the salivary gland are rare neoplasms that have been described only in the parotid and palate. Their recognition is important particularly when the component tumours have different biological behaviours. The occurrence of a submandibular hybrid tumour has not been reported. methods AND RESULTS: We describe a case of a 36-year-old woman with a hybrid carcinoma composed of salivary duct adenocarcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma of the right submandibular gland. There was no evidence of a pre-existing or concurrent pleomorphic adenoma. The presence of the two components was verified by differential immunohistochemical staining using a panel of cytokeratin, vimentin, smooth muscle actin and S100. The patient subsequently developed metastases to the pelvis, lumbar, vertebra and wrist. The clinical course in this patient was consistent with the behaviour of the salivary duct adenocarcinoma component. CONCLUSIONS: The histogenesis of hybrid tumours is largely unknown, but in this case it may represent diverging differentiation of luminal tumour cells. Because some histological features of different salivary gland tumours overlap, immunohistochemistry is a valuable tool especially when used to delineate the components of a hybrid tumour.
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ranking = 1
keywords = submandibular gland, gland, submandibular
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8/275. Cytology of primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinoma. A report of four cases.

    BACKGROUND: Mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinomas are very rare primary pulmonary neoplasms that can be classified under the broader heading of salivary gland-like neoplasms (SGN). Both entities need to be considered in the cytologic differential diagnosis of lung tumors. We reviewed cytologic findings in primary pulmonary neoplasms diagnosed at our institution during the time period 1981 to the present along with outside consultation cases. CASES: Three cases of primary mucoepidermoid carcinoma and one case of primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung were diagnosed based on cytology during the period examined. Patient ages were 16, 25, 47 and 78 years, respectively. The mucoepidermoid cytology specimens were composed of three cell types, mucinous, squamous and intermediate cells, at times associated with extracellular mucin. The adenoid cystic carcinoma consisted of small, uniform cells with dark nuclei, scant cytoplasm and associated, acellular balls of basement membrane material. CONCLUSION: The differential diagnosis for primary pulmonary neoplasms needs to include the rare SGN. Cytologic features of adenoid cystic carcinoma are diagnostic; those of mucoepidermoid carcinoma are at least suggestive.
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ranking = 0.099814568242154
keywords = gland
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9/275. Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma metastatic to cervical lymph nodes.

    BACKGROUND: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) occurs not only as a neoplasm of salivary glands but also in the skin. Metastasis is rare, and metastasis to lymph nodes has not been reported in the English literature. Case Report A patient with a history of excisions of "cylindroma" of the scalp over the past 20 years was initially seen with 2 recurrent scalp nodules and a firm left neck mass. Both scalp lesions and multiple neck nodes were found to be ACC at resection. The patient underwent postoperative radiation therapy and is clinically free of disease at 4 years. CONCLUSIONS: We believe this represents the first reported case of nodal metastases from primary cutaneous ACC in the English literature.
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ranking = 0.099814568242154
keywords = gland
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10/275. Successful primary radiation therapy of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung.

    Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a distinctive malignant neoplasm generally arising from minor salivary glands, that arises infrequently as a primary tumor in the lung. Surgery has been considered the primary treatment, with radiotherapy generally utilized as adjuvant or palliative treatment. We report a patient in whom primary radiotherapy was sucessfully applied to treat adenoid cystic carcinoma involving the distal trachea, carina, and both main stem bronchi. A total dose of 66 Gy was delivered in 2-Gy fractions over a 7-week period. Clinically and histologically complete remission was achieved without evidence of disease during a 27-month follow up.
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ranking = 0.099814568242154
keywords = gland
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