Cases reported "Carcinoma, Basosquamous"

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1/7. Basaloid-squamous carcinoma of the esophagus: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a 69-year-old man with basaloid-squamous carcinoma (BSC) of the esophagus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the 60th case of BSC of the esophagus to be reported in japan, and a review of the other 59 cases is presented after this case report. In our patient, endoscopic findings revealed a circumferential erosion in the middle intrathoracic esophagus (Im), and a protruding tumor with friable ulceration in the center of the erosion. A biopsy suggested that it was moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and a thoracoscopic total thoracic esophagectomy was performed. Histologically, the protruding-type lesion with ulceration was composed of BSC, and the circumferential 0 -I IIc type lesion was composed of moderately differentiated SCC. The immunohistochemical findings of these resected specimens led us to suspect that the basal-layer-type SCC had transformed into BSC by undergoing differentiation and expansive proliferation.
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keywords = esophagus
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2/7. Basaloid squamous carcinoma in the liver.

    This report concerns a 46-year-old female who presented with 3 months of abdominal pain and underwent a right hemi-hepatectomy for a 27 x 25 x 15 cm, centrally necrotic tumor that showed histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features typical of a basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC). A primary tumor at another site was not diagnosed and she died of disease 2 years later after several intra-abdominal recurrences. The entity of BSC was first described in 1986 and is a rare, poorly differentiated variant of squamous cell carcinoma occurring in various sites including the upper aerodigestive tract, esophagus, lung, anus, cervix and thymus. It has never been reported arising in the liver. It has characteristic histological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features and is associated with a poor prognosis. Whilst no other primary tumor was diagnosed, it is not possible to substantiate that this is a primary hepatic tumor in the absence of an autopsy examination to exclude an occult malignancy in another site.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = esophagus
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3/7. Basaloid-squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: diagnosis based on immunohistochemical analysis.

    Basaloid-squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (BSCC) is an extremely rare tumor. Histologically, this tumor should be differentiated from adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) and small cell undifferentiated carcinoma (SCUC). Biologically, this tumor is very aggressive, with a propensity for distant metastasis. We report a 64-year-old male with esophageal BSCC. The patient complained of dysphagia and was found to have a torous lesion in the esophagus on radiological examination. Upper gastrointestinal fiberscopy showed a localized ulcerative type tumor, which was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) on biopsy. Surgery resulted in curative resection. A histological examination of the resected tumor showed features of BSCC. Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated AE3/1- and CAM 5.2-positive tumor cells, and laminin-positive cells in the periphery of the nests. These data were useful in differentiating this tumor from ACC and SCUC. Six months after surgery, the patient developed hepatic metastases, which were successfully treated by regional chemotherapy via the hepatic artery by using fluorouracil. The patient is currently being followed up at the outpatient clinic and shows no signs of any recurrence.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = esophagus
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4/7. An immunohistochemical examination of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: report of a case.

    We recently encountered a patient with basaloid carcinoma of the esophagus with extensive node involvement. The patient died of hematogenous metastasis 6 months after surgery. The tumor expressed cytokeratin but did not express either Type IV collagen or laminin. Both tumor cells and metastatic lesions in the regional lymph nodes expressed p53, Bcl-2, and Ki-67 proteins, but did not express cyclin D1 proteins.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = esophagus
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5/7. Esophageal carcinosarcoma with basaloid squamous carcinoma and rhabdomyosarcoma components with TP53 mutation.

    carcinosarcoma of the esophagus is a rare tumor with a distinct pathological entity having squamous cell carcinoma as the most described carcinomatous component. This paper reports the first case of carcinosarcoma of the esophagus that showed predominant basaloid squamous carcinoma component in addition to squamous cell carcinoma and poorly differentiated carcinoma and sarcoma component. A 64-year-old male patient consulted for dysphasia and chest pain was examined and found to have gastrointestinal fiber-endoscope and a polypoid growth in the lower third of the esophagus. Partial esophagectomy was performed and the excised tumor showed histological features of carcinosarcoma with heterogeneous carcinomatous components with dominance of basaloid squamous carcinoma and minority of squamous cell carcinoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma, and sarcomatous component, immunohistochemically proven to be rhabdomyosarcoma. Immunohistochemical study and TP53 mutation analysis was carried out to explain the histogenesis of this rare tumor. The distinct immunohistochemical profiles of the carcinomatous and sarcomatous components suggested the possibility of transition from a carcinomatous to a sarcomatous component. The similar TP53 mutation in the carcinomatous and sarcomatous component suggested each of these components had the same origin, that is, the tumor was monoclonal in origin.
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ranking = 0.42857142857143
keywords = esophagus
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6/7. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the esophagus: report of a case and review of the Japanese literature.

    We report herein the case of a 79-year-old man with adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the esophagus. The tumor had a polypoid appearance and was covered by thin esophageal mucosa. As the biopsy specimens suggested a diagnosis of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, the patient underwent subtotal esophagectomy with reconstruction of the gastric tube via the posterior mediastinum. Histologically, the carcinoma contained basaloid cells, cribriform foci, and a certain amount of eosinophilic hyaline substance. Some of the basaloid cells were stained immunohistochemically for keratin, muscle actin, and S-100 protein, a pattern which was identical to the pattern of immunoreactivity of the myoepithelium. We reviewed 36 other cases of ACC of the esophagus reported in japan, with special reference to the criteria for histological diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = esophagus
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7/7. Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus metastatic to the gingiva: a case report.

    Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC), a biologically high-grade variant of squamous cell carcinoma, carries a grave prognosis. In this article, we describe a rare case of BSCC of the esophagus with metastasis to the mandibular gingiva in a 63-year-old man. In addition, we provide a review of the relevant literature along with a discussion of the differential diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = esophagus
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