Cases reported "Carcinoma, Endometrioid"

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1/12. Primary invasive vaginal cancer in the setting of the Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: The Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome occurs in 1 in 4000 to 5000 female births. Primary vaginal cancer constitutes less than 2% of all malignancies of the female genital tract. A report of the first case of the unlikely occurrence of both of these developments in the same patient is presented. CASE: A 34-year-old nulligravid Philippine woman with a history of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome presented with a 5-month history of bleeding from a blind vaginal pouch. Vaginal biopsy identified a moderately differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Exploratory laparotomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic and iliac lymph node samplings, and excision of a mullerian remnant were performed with no evidence of disease. A FIGO Stage I vaginal cancer was assigned and pelvic irradiation was given. disease recurred 4 months later and the patient underwent total pelvic exenteration. More than 1 year since the exenteration procedure, she is without evidence of disease. CONCLUSION: This is the first reported case of a primary vaginal cancer in a patient with Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome. It is a reminder that routine gynecologic examinations are still warranted as these patients are at risk for malignant changes in residual mullerian tissues.
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keywords = gynecologic
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2/12. Endometrial adenocarcinoma associated with elevated serum concentrations of the free beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin.

    We report a case of a histologic grade II endometrial adenocarcinoma without trophoblastic differentiation in a 24-year-old woman with an elevated serum concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and with no evidence of pregnancy. serum and urine specimens were used to study the hCG immunoreactivity. Qualitative tests performed on serum and urine using 5 different assays produced conflicting results. The hCG concentration in serum and urine was quantified using assays designed to detect different molecular forms of the molecule; analysis revealed that serum hCG immunoreactivity was due entirely to the presence of the free beta subunit. Immunohistochemical analysis performed on tissue samples showed strong cytoplasmic staining for hCG. While hCG is a well-recognized tumor marker in gynecologic malignant neoplasms, immunoreactivity most often is due to the presence of both intact molecule and the free beta subunit. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an endometrial adenocarcinoma producing only the free beta subunit of hCG.
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keywords = gynecologic
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3/12. Sentinel node detection in a patient with recurrent endometrial cancer initially treated by hysterectomy and radiotherapy.

    This is the first article reporting sentinel node identification in a patient with endometrial cancer recurring in the vagina. A 79-year-old woman presented with a midvaginal recurrence of a stage IB, grade II endometroid carcinoma that had been treated 3 years earlier by a total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingoophorectomy, and pelvic lymph node sampling, followed by adjuvant brachytherapy to the vaginal vault. A staging examination under anesthetic was performed. Preoperatively, 60-MBq technetium-labeled nannocolloid was injected in the mucosa at 3, 6, 9, and 12 o'clock just adjacent to the tumor recurrence. Three sentinel nodes were detected, respectively, in the left obturator fossa (two) and the right external iliac region, using a laparoscopic probe (Navigator) and removed for pathological assessment. As they proved to be negative, the patient underwent a total vaginectomy, parametrectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy. The tumor was completely removed, and all lymph nodes proved to be negative. The accuracy of sentinel node identification in patients with recurrent gynecological tumors needs further evaluation. This unique case shows that sentinel node detection is possible after previous radiotherapy and surgery and hopes to stimulate further research in this field.
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keywords = gynecologic
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4/12. Mixed serous and endometrioid carcinoma of the fallopian tube: a case report with literature review.

    Malignant neoplasms of the fallopian tube are the rarest of the gynecologic cancers. The frequency of histologic subtypes has been difficult to ascertain from the literature because most authors have not classified these tumors according to their cell types. Papillary serous adenocarcinoma appears to be the most common histologic type. On the contrary, mixed cell types of fallopian tube carcinoma have rarely been reported in the literature. A case of mixed serous and endometrioid carcinoma of the fallopian tube is presented and the related literature is reviewed.
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keywords = gynecologic
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5/12. paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration in a woman with ovarian cancer.

    BACKGROUND: A 52-year-old white female presented with sudden onset of light-headedness followed by diplopia, horizontal vertigo and severe nystagmus with oscillopsia. She had previously been in good health. MRI of the brain was normal. Lumbar puncture revealed monocytic pleocytosis. During her initial admission, the patient improved to some degree and was discharged with a possible diagnosis of viral meningitis. After a few weeks, the patient's condition worsened and further evaluation was initiated. Examination revealed an unsteady widespread gait, severe nystagmus and mild dysarthria. A general and gynecological examination was otherwise unremarkable. INVESTIGATIONS: General physical and gynecological examinations, MRI of the brain, lumbar punctures, electroencephalogram, transvaginal ultrasound, mammogram, tumor markers, anti-neuronal antibodies, colonoscopy, whole-body positron emission tomography scan, laparoscopy and biopsies. diagnosis: Stage IIIC endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the ovary with paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration. MANAGEMENT: Tumor cytoreduction, plasmapheresis, total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, bilateral pelvic and para-aortic lymph-node dissection, total omentectomy, carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy, rehabilitation, and speech therapy.
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ranking = 2
keywords = gynecologic
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6/12. Triple simultaneous primary gynecological malignancies in a 56-year-old patient.

    The occurrence of double simultaneous primary cancers is common. However, the occurrence of synchronous primary triple gynecological malignancies is an extremely rare event. In this report, the clinical and pathologic findings of a 56-year-old female patient with synchronous triple primary gynecological cancers including well-differentiated ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, well-differentiated endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma, and uterine leiomyosarcoma were presented. Synchronous primary, well-differentiated endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma and leiomyosarcoma of uterus without any ovarian neoplasm has only been once described in the English literature. To our knowledge, the presented patient is the first case in aspect of accompanying ovarian mucinous adenocarcinoma to endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma and leiomyosarcoma of uterus.
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ranking = 6
keywords = gynecologic
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7/12. Synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian carcinoma in a patient with marantic endocarditis.

    BACKGROUND: Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE), or marantic endocarditis, is a rare form of endocarditis found in patients with advanced malignancy and collagen-vascular disorders. There is limited information about the clinical course of patients with NBTE because the majority of cases are found at the time of autopsy. CASE: A 38-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with recent onset of chest pain and fatigue. Initial evaluation revealed cardiac valvular disease, and the patient underwent aortic valve replacement. Final pathology revealed nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis. A metastatic work-up revealed a complex pelvic mass and elevated CA 125. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy and was subsequently found to have synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian carcinoma. CONCLUSION: Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis is rare and carries a high mortality. This case is unusual in that the diagnosis of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis led to the diagnosis of a gynecologic malignancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
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8/12. Endometrioid carcinoma in pelvic endometriosis in a postmenopausal woman with tamoxifen adjuvant therapy for breast cancer. A case report.

    This concerns a 57 year old woman operated on in 1988 for a left radical mastectomy due to ductal breast carcinoma and subsequently treated with chemotherapy and tamoxifen adjuvant. In 1990 a laparo-hystero-oophorectomy was carried out due to uterine fibromas. The woman continued taking tamoxifen. Two years later a pelvic regeneration appeared, resulting in endometriosis, site of adenomatose hyperplasia and of endometrioid carcinoma GI. This furthermore confirms the importance of a gynecological follow-up for all women treated with tamoxifen adjuvant therapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
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9/12. Spontaneous preoperative internal jugular and subclavian vein thrombosis associated with an early-stage synchronous ovarian/endometrial malignancy.

    A case of preoperative spontaneous internal jugular/subclavian vein thrombosis documented with magnetic resonance imaging associated with a synchronous stage II ovarian/stage I endometrial malignancy is presented. This unusual deep venous thrombosis site is classically associated with trauma, infection, head and neck malignancies, or central venous catheterization and is rarely associated with distant malignancies. neck pain and swelling in a gynecologic oncology patient should prompt consideration of this diagnosis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
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10/12. Clinical stage IB endometrial adenocarcinoma with an isolated small bowel metastasis.

    Although patients with widely disseminated endometrial adenocarcinoma can have tumor involving the intestine, a focal metastasis to the small bowel with no other evidence of extra-uterine spread has not been reported. A patient with a clinical stage IB, grade 2 superficially invasive endometrial adenocarcinoma was found to have an isolated distant metastasis to the small intestine. The patient has been asymptomatic and disease free for almost 4 years following postoperative treatment with whole abdominal radiation therapy on a Gynecologic Oncology Group protocol. The finding of a solitary small bowel metastasis was not predictable based on the current understanding of the biologic behavior of endometrial adenocarcinomas. This case emphasizes the need for a thorough abdominal exploration in patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma by surgeons trained to detect and resect abdominopelvic tumors, and it validates the need for innovative treatment protocols for women with gynecologic malignancies.
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ranking = 1
keywords = gynecologic
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