Cases reported "Carcinoma, Giant Cell"

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1/33. Giant cell carcinoma of the lung. Report of a case with cytohistologic and clinical correlation.

    BACKGROUND: Giant cell carcinoma (GCC) of the lung is an unusual tumor characterized by an aggressive outcome. CASE: A peripheral lung tumor was observed in an elderly male. At presentation the clinical symptoms were cough, thoracic pain and hemoptysis. Chest roentgenography showed a left pleural effusion and neutrophilia in the blood. Bronchoscopic examination showed a peripheral tumor mass that could not be biopsied. bronchoalveolar lavage was negative. The patient underwent a cerebrovascular accident and died. The autopsy showed a peripheral giant cell tumor of the left lung that involved regional and mediastinal lymph nodes. touch imprints showed tridimensional clusters of pleomorphic and large cells, some of which were multinucleated, containing leukocytes in their cytoplasm. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the typical cytohistologic features of GCT of the lung, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any peripheral lung tumor composed of large cells. Clinical correlation is helpful in reaching the correct diagnosis. ( info)

2/33. Immunohistochemical and molecular analysis of giant cell carcinoma of the pancreas: a report of three cases.

    We performed molecular biological studies as well as immunohistochemical analysis of three cases of giant cell carcinoma of the pancreas. Histologically, one case was a pleomorphic giant cell carcinoma consisting of pleomorphic giant/ small cells and spindle cells, one an osteoclast-like giant cell tumor composed of osteoclastoid giant cells and pleomorphic small cells, and one a pleomorphic giant cell carcinoma with osteoclastoid giant cells. Immunohistochemically, pleomorphic giant cells and small pleomorphic cells were positive for epithelial and mesenchymal markers throughout the cases. Osteoclastoid cells were strongly positive for PG-M1 (CD68), but negative for lysozyme and epithelial markers. Pleomorphic spindle cells showed the same immunoreactivity as pleomorphic giant/small cells. Genetically, all cases contained a mutation in the K-ras (codons 12, 13) oncogene, but neither p53 (exons 5-8) nor p16INK4 (exons 1, 2) gene mutations were found in any case. Furthermore, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the p53, p161NK4. APC, and DPC4 gene loci was not found in any of the cases. Immunohistochemical study demonstrated this tumor to be of epithelial origin with mesenchymal differentiation. Genetically, initiation of the tumor is similar to that of usual ductal adenocarcinoma, but progression might be rather different. The peculiar histologic and biologic features of this tumor would be the result of changes in other functional genes. ( info)

3/33. Postbronchoscopy expectoration of tumour tissue in lung cancer.

    A case of undifferentiated giant cell type bronchogenic carcinoma in an old man is reported. Following bronchoscopy, the patient expectorated tumour mass tissue in his sputum and was relieved of breathlessness to a great extent. ( info)

4/33. Pleomorphic giant cell carcinoma of the esophagus with coexpression of cytokeratin and vimentin and neuroendocrine differentiation.

    A pleomorphic (giant cell) carcinoma of the esophagus is reported in a 52-year-old man who had dysphagia and weakness. The 8-cm-high vegetating tumor consisted of solid sheets of poorly cohesive epithelioid cells broken into clusters by strands of stroma. Numerous giant cells showing phagocytic phenomenon were present. Immunochemical analyses demonstrated the epithelial origin of the neoplasm, although most of the tumor cells strongly expressed vimentin. Numerous tumor cells expressed synaptophysin. Neurosecretory granules were detected in some tumor cells on electron microscopic examination. The patient died 4 months after he became symptomatic. As far as we can ascertain, this is the first case report describing a pleomorphic carcinoma arising in the esophagus. This poorly differentiated carcinoma might be of neuroendocrine differentiation. In the esophagus, pleomorphic carcinoma must be distinguished from polypoid tumors such as carcinosarcoma and malignant melanoma. ( info)

5/33. Primary choriocarcinoma and human chorionic gonadotrophin-producing giant cell carcinoma of the lung: are they independent entities?

    AIMS: Human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is a useful marker for chorionic proliferative disorders, such as choriocarcinoma. Although hCG synthesis in lung cancers is frequent, primary pulmonary choriocarcinoma (PCC) is rare. To clarify the differences between primary choriocarcinoma and hCG-producing giant cell carcinoma (GCC) of the lung, we compared the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical findings of these tumours. methods AND RESULTS: Three patients, one with PCC and two with hCG-producing GCC, were included in this study. They were all middle-aged men and habitual smokers. The growth of these tumours and the progression of the clinical courses were extremely rapid, and the patients all died within 8 months after the pulmonary tumours were found. Haemorrhagic appearance was a common macroscopic feature of the specimens obtained. Microscopically, both types of tumours mainly consisted of atypical polygonal cells. While PCC contained many syncytial trophoblast-like multinucleated cells that had strong immunoreactivity for anti-hCG, such cells were relatively few in hCG-producing GCC. These histological and immunohistochemical findings reflected the serum test result for hCG, which was higher in the case of PCC. CONCLUSIONS: There are a few differences between PCC and hCG-producing GCC, as described above. Reliable distinction between them seems to be difficult for pathologists and worthless for clinicians. ( info)

6/33. Supratentorial giant cell ependymoma.

    Ependymomas account for 3 to 9% of all neuroepithelial tumors and, although occurring most often within the ventricular system, they may arise from the extraventricular parenchyma as well. Several histologic patterns of these neoplasm are well known, but little attention has been devoted to a variant composed of giant elements. We describe the case of a 13-year-old girl experiencing a 3-month history of partial seizures in whom cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed an extraventricular, right parietotemporal neoplasm, adherent to the overlying dura mater. Histologic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings were consistent with those of a high-grade ependymoma. The tumor was characterized by the presence of a major component of pleomorphic giant cells, as also seen in pleomorphic xantoastrocytoma, subependymal giant cell astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme. Similar elements have been described in two filum terminale and one supratentorial, intraventricular ependymoma, respectively. Histologic and evolutional data of those and of our own case suggest that isolated giant cells are not necessarily linked to a bad prognosis in ependymomas. ( info)

7/33. Resectable pleomorphic giant cell carcinoma of the pancreas.

    We present a 72-yr-old woman who underwent surgical resection of a large pancreatic tumor. On preoperative imaging, an intratumoral cavity containing necrotic tissue was noted, mimicking the appearance of a cystic tumor. There was no invasion of adjacent organs nor distant metastasis, and histopathologic examination revealed the tumor to be a giant cell carcinoma. Postoperatively, the patient has been followed for 1.5 yr without evidence of recurrence. Giant cell carcinoma generally is associated with a poor prognosis, and patients usually die within months despite intensive multimodality therapy. Some patients with giant cell carcinomas, however, achieve long-term survival when invasion of adjacent organs and distant metastases are absent. Surgical resection is the appropriate treatment for tumors with these favorable characteristics. ( info)

8/33. Solitary muscle metastasis from lung carcinoma.

    recurrence after resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma is generally associated with a poor outcome. Limb muscle metastasis from lung cancer is extremely rare. We present a case of a 71-year-old man who presented with a solitary metastasis to his right lower limb two months after right upper lobectomy for lung cancer (stage: T2N0M0). Twenty-four months after surgical excision and chemotherapy he is alive without signs of neoplastic disease. We believe that a more aggressive approach might be considered for selected patients with solitary extracranial and extra-adrenal metastasis from lung cancer. ( info)

9/33. Atypical hip pain origin in a young athletic woman: a case report of giant cell carcinoma.

    Primary bone tumors are infrequently encountered in a sports medicine practice. We describe a case in which a young athletic woman with a medical history significant for ulcerative colitis initially presented to our clinic with chronic hip pain. Her initial roentograms were negative for boney pathology and her history and examination were consistent with trochanteric bursitis. However, follow-up radiographs performed 9 months later showed a radiolucent mass that eventually, after open biopsy and histologic evaluation, was determined to be giant cell tumor. This case shows the importance of repeat radiographic studies in patients whose joint pain does not respond or responds slowly to conservative therapy, despite initial normal findings. It also establishes that radiographic findings do not always correlate with actual disease process, for this lesion was found to be giant cell carcinoma--a diagnosis contrary to the original diagnosis of clear cell chondrosarcoma that was suggested by radiology. ( info)

10/33. Renal cell carcinoma with syncytial giant cell component.

    We report a case of clear cell renal cell carcinoma in which a prominent multinucleated giant cell component was intermingled with clear, granular, and spindle cells. Histological, ultrastructural, cytometric, and cytogenetic features of giant cells were similar to those of mononucleated cells in the tumor, and therefore they were not from stromal or osteoclast derivation. These giant cells had homogeneous, finely granular, abundant cytoplasm, often with scalloped cell borders, and contained from 5 to more than 50 nuclei, all of them very similar in size and shape, with prominent central nucleoli. Occasionally, surrounding inflammatory cells were also engulfed in the cytoplasm. This syncytial appearance was more similar to that of some giant cell carcinomas from the lung than to the pleomorphic giant cells often encountered in high grade renal cell tumors. Although the patient is alive and free of disease 6 years after diagnosis, a longer follow-up will be required to assess the potential prognostic influence of this peculiar histological appearance. ( info)
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