Cases reported "Carcinoma, Hepatocellular"

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21/2279. cryosurgery for unresectable primary hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report and review of literature.

    Primary liver cancers are a significant cause of both morbidity and mortality. Although surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for these tumors, only 10 to 20 per cent of the primary liver tumors are found to be resectable. Presently, the options for these patients include liver transplantation, cryosurgery, or nonsurgical therapy, such as transarterial chemoembolization. Techniques such as alcohol injection, interstitial radiotherapy, laser hypothermia, and radiofrequency electrodissection have all been attempted with limited success. We present a case of a 68-year-old woman with a 10-year history of liver cirrhosis secondary to chronic active hepatitis c. A lateral segmentectomy was recommended but could not be done due to severe underlying cirrhosis. cryosurgery aided by intraoperative ultrasonography was performed successfully. The patient developed recurrent disease at 58 months and died with disease at 62 months. Advances in instrumentation and intraoperative ultrasonography are making cryosurgery a viable surgical therapeutic alternative in the management of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. The procedure can be performed safely with low morbidity.
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ranking = 1
keywords = hepatitis, b
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22/2279. Ovarian hepatoid yolk sac tumours: morphological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features.

    AIM: The clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of two ovarian hepatoid yolk sac tumours (H-YST) from our files are reviewed. methods AND RESULTS: Using avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex technique, the immunoprofile of these tumours was compared to that of a classic yolk sac tumour and to that previously reported for hepatocellular carcinomas. The clinicopathological and morphological features of our cases are similar to the seven previously reported ovarian cases. This rare germ cell tumour occurs in young females (mean age = 17.6 years) and presents most commonly with abdominal pain and a large ovarian mass (average size = 140 mm). Histologically, the tumours display a striking resemblance to hepatocellular carcinoma. The absence of an associated typical pattern of yolk sac tumour or other germ cell neoplasm may make it difficult to recognize the germ cell origin of this lesion. Our cases demonstrated positive staining for alpha-fetoprotein and alpha-1-antitrypsin. In addition, there was immunoreactivity with polyclonal carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) antiserum in a canalicular pattern, focal staining for inhibin, oestrogen and progesterone receptors and absence of immunoreactivity for CK7 that contrasts with the immunophenotype of a usual yolk sac tumour. CONCLUSIONS: Ovarian H-YST and hepatocellular carcinoma share a similar immunoprofile. Ovarian H-YST is a highly aggressive tumour, most patients exhibit recurrence or die of disease within 2 years of diagnosis.
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ranking = 0.0043037013875033
keywords = b
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23/2279. Extraosseous metastases of hepatocellular carcinoma detection and therapeutic assessment with Tc-99m PMT SPECT.

    Owing to recent advances in imaging technology and radiologic intervention, survival rates in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma have improved markedly. However, such prolonged survival has resulted in an increase in extrahepatic metastases. Tc-99m (Sn)-N-pyridoxyl-5-methyltryptophan (Tc-99m PMT), developed for hepatobiliary scintigraphy, has been used to visualize extrahepatic metastases, with most related reports limited to osseous metastases. The authors report two cases of hepatocellular cancer presenting as a hypopharyngeal metastasis and intraperitoneal dissemination along the tract of a fine-needle biopsy. Lesions undetectable on planar imaging could be visualized by Tc-99m PMT SPECT.
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ranking = 0.0032277760406274
keywords = b
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24/2279. Cutaneous metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma resembling pyogenic granuloma.

    A case of skin metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is reported that resembled pyogenic granuloma. An easily bleeding, cutaneous nodule on the chin of a 62-year-old Japanese male was resected under the diagnosis of pyogenic granuloma. histology, however, indicated HCC. Cutaneous metastases from HCC are very rare, but the possibility must be considered for unusual nodules resembling pyogenic granuloma.
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ranking = 0.0053796267343791
keywords = b
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25/2279. An unusual cause of back pain.

    This case describes what may become an increasingly common clinical problem in australia as the proportion of our population originally derived from South East asia, ages. Our patient was of Chinese origin and presented with back pain which was eventually found to be due to metastatic disease from an otherwise silent hepatoma, in association with unrecognised chronic hepatitis b infection.
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ranking = 2.1925135027369
keywords = chronic hepatitis, hepatitis, b
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26/2279. Hepatic sarcoidosis complicated by hepatocellular carcinoma.

    A case of a 63-year-old man with a long-standing history of portal hypertension secondary to hepatic sarcoidosis who developed hepatocellular carcinoma is reported.
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ranking = 0.0021518506937516
keywords = b
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27/2279. Successful surgical treatment for implanted intraperitoneal metastases of ruptured small hepatocellular carcinoma: report of a case.

    We report herein the case of a 53-year-old man with disseminated intraperitoneal metastases caused by the rupture of small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). He was admitted to our hospital in shock after suffering a trauma injury to the upper abdomen. ultrasonography revealed a massive hemoperitoneum. At surgery, 4000 ml of blood was drained from the abdominal cavity and a ruptured tumor, 2 cm in diameter, was found in the right lobe of the liver. The tumor was resected with an adequate surgical margin and subsequent microscopic examination confirmed a diagnosis of moderately differentiated HCC without associated liver cirrhosis. The patient was readmitted 14 months later following the development of right lower quadrant pain. ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed extrahepatic abdominal tumors, and abdominal angiography demonstrated four intraperitoneal tumors. At surgery, four implanted metastases adhered to the greater omentum were found and resected. No other tumors were detected. Microscopically, all four tumors were confirmed as moderately differentiated hepatocellular carcinoma. Ruptured HCC may lead to implanted intraperitoneal metastasis, but rupture of small HCC is very rare. While hepatic resection is the treatment of choice for ruptured HCC, according to our review of the literature, only a few patients have survived long-term after resection of implanted metastasis.
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ranking = 0.0048416640609412
keywords = b
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28/2279. Acute renal failure requiring haemodialysis after high doses percutaneous acetic acid injection for hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Recently, ultrasound-guided percutaneous acetic acid injection has been proposed in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma as an alternative to percutaneous ethanol injection. We report the case of severe renal failure requiring haemodialysis which occurred in a patient with 4 cm hepatocellular carcinoma treated adequately by high dose percutaneous acetic acid injection. The risk of such a serious side effect, likely related to a direct toxic effect of acetic acid, should be of concern when considering percutaneous treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. Acute renal failure has been reported as a complication of acetic acid poisoning, but to our knowledge, we report here the first case of acute renal failure following high dose percutaneous acetic acid injection.
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ranking = 0.0026898133671895
keywords = b
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29/2279. Primary liver carcinoma complicating membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava.

    A rare autopsy case of primary liver carcinoma complicating a pre-existing, incomplete membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava (MOVC) is reported. The patient, a 67-year-old Japanese male, was admitted to hospital following a 2 year illness of a left chest wall tumor and a 3 month illness with progressive abdominal pain. Computed tomography scans of the abdomen displayed space-occupying lesions in the third and seventh hepatic segments, respectively. One month later, the patient developed edema of the lower extremities and marked venous dilatation of the abdominal trunk. At that time, Doppler examination revealed the presence of intrahepatic large venovenous collaterals. The patient subsequently succumbed 82 days after hospitalization. At subsequent autopsy, the inferior vena cava was completely obstructed by tumor thrombus, which was formed caudally and cranially to a thin membrane and mimicked the valve, with calcification and elastic lamina, at the phrenic portion. Intrahepatic large collateral pathways were found between submembranous and supramembranous hepatic veins. Anomalous absence of the ostia of the middle hepatic vein was found. In addition, the portal venous trunk was occluded by tumor thrombus. histology of hepatic tumors revealed a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocellular carcinoma in the non-cirrhotic liver with severe acute centrilobular congestion. In MOVC patients such as the case presented, malignancy-induced thrombosis was deemed to be an important factor in prognosis.
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ranking = 0.016676842876575
keywords = b
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30/2279. Hepatic arterial anatomy: two new variants.

    Many modifications of hepatic arterial anatomy have been reported. The new, previously non-described variants are presented in two patients with hepatic malignancies. The significance of unusual hepatic vascular anatomy for liver surgery and vascular intervention are discussed.
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ranking = 0.0010759253468758
keywords = b
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