Cases reported "Carcinoma, Renal Cell"

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11/512. A case report on two primary malignancies of the ovary and kidney.

    Multiple primary malignant tumors in the same patient are very rare. Moreover, cases with primary ovarian and renal cell carcinoma in the same patient is an extremely rare phenomenon. In this report, a case with these two primaries is described. Concomitantly, some data suggesting a relationship of these primaries with the hypothesis of hormone dependency of renal cell carcinoma is presented.
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12/512. Concurrent occurrence of three neoplasms including non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, renal cell carcinoma and leiomyoma in the same kidney.

    A 53-year-old man with triple renal neoplasms in his left kidney presented. He was initially diagnosed intermediate grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) which involved gastrointestinal tract, left kidney, liver and pancreas. He underwent left nefrectomy because of a persistent renal mass after the completion of chemotherapy. The large renal mass revealed a renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Additionally, multiple small nodules of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and a solitary leiomyoma were observed.
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13/512. Coexpression of cytokeratins 7 and 20 confirms urothelial carcinoma presenting as an intrarenal tumor.

    BACKGROUND: The differentiation of epithelial tumors arising in the kidney (urothelial vs. renal cell carcinoma) sometimes can be difficult by clinical and radiologic studies. Because urothelial and renal epithelium express unique cytokeratin (CK) 7 and 20 profiles, the authors studied the utility of these markers to confirm the diagnosis of urothelial carcinomas that present clinically as kidney masses. methods: Using commercially available monoclonal antibodies, paraffin section immunohistochemistry was used to examine two recent cases of urothelial carcinomas presenting as renal tumors. tissues were stained for CK7 and CK20 and the expression compared between the tumor and benign tissue. RESULTS: Both cases showed solid renal masses that clinically and radiographically could have been of renal cell origin, but subsequently were confirmed histologically to be extensive renal involvement by urothelial carcinoma. The tumors coexpressed both CK7 and CK20, which is the expected profile for carcinomas of urothelial but not renal origin. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the current study show that coexpression of CK7 and CK20 is a useful diagnostic aid in the differential diagnosis of epithelial kidney tumors of urothelial cell versus renal cell origin.
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14/512. pharmacokinetics of interleukin-2 in two anephric patients with metastatic renal cell cancer.

    BACKGROUND: Most patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have undergone unilateral- and some bilateral nephrectomy. Because interleukin-2 (IL-2) is thought to be mainly cleared via the kidneys, we investigated whether IL-2 treatment is safe in anephric patients. patients AND methods: The pharmacokinetics of i.v. bolus, i.v. infusion and s.c. recombinant IL-2 were investigated in two anephric patients with progressive metastatic RCC. RESULTS: Following i.v. bolus administration of IL-2, plasma half-lives of 126 and 84 minutes respectively, and plasma clearances of 151 ml/min and 273 ml/min respectively, were measured in the two patients. In one patient plasma clearance of IL-2 was enhanced to 760 ml/min after continuous i.v. infusion of 4 and 6 million IU IL-2/24 hours, as compared to a clearance of 310 ml/min at a dose of 2 million IU IL-2/24 hours. In the other patient, during IL-2 infusion of 2, 4 or 6 x 10(6) IU/24 hours, each over the course of 3 days, plasma clearance of IL-2 increased from 311 to 761, and to 687 ml/min, respectively. IL-2 could not be detected in haemo- or peritoneal dialysates. CONCLUSIONS: IL-2 plasma half-life is only moderately prolonged in anephric patients as compared to patients with normal renal function. Based on our findings, intravenous or subcutaneous treatment of anephric patients with IL-2 seems feasible.
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15/512. Double cancers of the kidney and ureter complicated with emphysematous pyelonephritis within the parenchyma of the renal tumour.

    Emphysematous pyelonephritis and double cancers of the kidney and urinary tract are rare. We describe here a case of a diabetic man who had simultaneous renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney and transitional cell carcinoma of the right ureter complicated with emphysematous pyelonephritis within the tumour parenchyma of renal cell carcinoma. Imaging and pathology are demonstrated.
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16/512. Scintigraphic demonstration of renal cell carcinoma with I-131-6beta-iodomethyl-19-norcholesterol: a case report.

    Extraadrenal abnormal uptake on adrenocortical scintigraphy has been reported rarely in the normal gallbladder, lipid cell tumor of the ovary, or in clear cell type renal cell carcinoma. Clear cell type renal cell carcinoma contains glycogen and cholesterol like the adrenal gland, but the uptake of the radionuclide I-131 cholesterol has been reported to be low and not sufficient to image it. Right renal and adrenal masses were incidentally discovered on abdominal CT scan in a patient with chronic renal failure resulting in bilateral acquired cystic kidney disease. Adrenocortical scintigraphy done to know the nature of the adrenal mass showed high uptake corresponding to the right renal mass and the right adrenal mass. Clear cell type renal cell carcinoma and adrenal adenoma with prominent clear cells were histologically confirmed on hematoxylin-eosin stain and in an immunohistochemical study with renal cell antibody. Not only low-density lipoprotein receptors mediated uptake but also overall replacement of the right non-tumorous renal parenchyma by acquired cysts may have played a role in imaging the renal cell carcinoma on adrenocortical scintigraphy.
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17/512. Unusual chromosome patterns of renal cell carcinomas common to two brothers.

    In this study, we describe two renal cell carcinomas (RCC) that occurred at the same time in two brothers, yielding information on the carcinogenic process. We used flow cytometry (FCM) to evaluate nuclear dna content, and performed cytogenetic analysis. We also carried out fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a panel of centromeric probes for chromosomes 3, 7, 8, 9, 12, 17, 20, and Y in interphase cells. flow cytometry analysis revealed diploid histograms in the tumor and "nonmalignant" samples of patient 1, while an aneuploid cell subpopulation was found in the tumor and "nonmalignant" samples of patient 2. Tumor samples from the two brothers were studied by FISH, and had common numerical chromosome aberrations: trisomy of chromosomes 3 and 7, and monosomy and trisomy of chromosomes 9 and 17. Moreover, in normal samples from both brothers, we found monosomy 9, and in a normal sample from patient 1, monosomy 17. cytogenetic analysis revealed trisomy 3 in some cells grown from normal kidney tissue of each brother. The identification of the same chromosome alterations in both brothers appears to provide evidence of an unusual process of carcinogenesis, probably due to a common genetic basis.
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18/512. Large de novo renal cell carcinoma in a 10-year-old transplanted kidney: successful organ-preserving therapy.

    BACKGROUND: A recent review of the Cincinnati Transplant Tumor Registry recorded 24 de novo renal cell carcinomas developing in renal allografts. However, late development of these tumors after transplantation is very rare. Only four reports exist regarding conservative surgery on kidney transplant tumors. methods: This is a report on a case of a large 6-cm de novo renal cell carcinoma in a 10-year-old transplanted kidney. Optimal therapy by transplant nephrectomy or tumor enucleation was discussed. RESULTS: Partial resections or enucleations of renal cell carcinoma are still less than ideal in carcinomas larger than 3 cm considering the higher risk of local recurrence. But the recipient in this case had done so well and had had such a high quality of life after transplantation that partial nephrectomy as therapy of choice was selected. Now the patient is 2 years tumor free. CONCLUSION: The case report demonstrates that in certain select cases of large tumors, organ-preserving surgery could be an alternative approach in combining complete tumor removal with preservation of graft function.
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19/512. Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma with scant carcinomatous components.

    A 30-year-old male underwent radical nephrectomy for a right renal tumor 15 cm in diameter. On microscopic examination of initial 17 sections, the tumor consisted of pleomorphic giant cells and spindle neoplastic cells. There was no carcinomatous component. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells were negative for keratin and epithelial membrane antigen but positive for vimentin. The giant cells were also scatteringly, weakly positive for myoglobin. At that time a diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma of the kidney was made. However, further microscopic examination of another eight sections revealed small areas of clear cell-type renal cell carcinoma (RCC) which transited to sarcomatous components and led to a diagnosis of sarcomatoid RCC. The patient underwent three cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy. He has been free of the disease for 14 months after nephrectomy.
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20/512. Primary renal malignant fibrous histiocytoma. A case report and review of the literature.

    Primary renal malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a rare tumor of the kidney. We report an additional case noting, as other authors have, the similarity in clinical presentation with renal cell carcinoma. We also review the 23 documented cases of the international literature, emphasizing the current diagnostic approaches and therapeutic management.
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