Cases reported "Carcinoma, Renal Cell"

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21/442. Solitary metastasis of renal cell carcinoma to the contralateral adrenal gland 22 years after nephrectomy.

    A case of solitary metastasis to the contralateral adrenal 22 years after radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is described. This case highlights the variable behavior of RCC, the tendency for adrenal metastasis, and the potential for prolonged survival after resection of late solitary metastases.
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keywords = metastasis
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22/442. A phase Ib/II trial of granulocyte-macrophage-colony stimulating factor and interleukin-2 for renal cell carcinoma patients with pulmonary metastases: a case of fatal central nervous system thrombosis.

    BACKGROUND: interleukin-2 (IL-2) and granulocyte-macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are cytokines with nonoverlapping pleiotropic effects. In a prior Phase Ib study, this combination of agents exhibited antitumor effects in the lungs of four of eight patients with renal cell carcinoma and pulmonary metastases. We conducted this Phase Ib/II trial to determine the response rate of renal cell carcinoma patients with pulmonary metastases treated with continuous infusion IL-2 plus GM-CSF. methods: patients with renal cell carcinoma and pulmonary metastases were treated with 1.5, 2.25, or 4.5 x 10(6) IU/m(2)/day 96-hour continuous infusion IL-2 on Days 1-4, 8-11, and 15-18, and 1.25, 2.25, or 2.5 microg/kg/day GM-CSF on Days 8-19. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were treated per protocol, 14 of whom could be evaluated for disease progression. None of these 14 patients had >50% shrinkage of either total tumor burden or pulmonary metastasis. One patient developed Grade 5 neurotoxicity. autopsy revealed acute multifocal cerebral venous thrombosis as well as acute subdural and subarachnoid hemorrhage. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of IL-2 and GM-CSF may be associated with marked morbidity and, as in one case in this study, mortality. No significant antitumor activity was appreciated. Thus, the combination of IL-2 and GM-CSF, when administered at this dose and according to this schedule, does not appear to be active in renal cell carcinoma and is associated with significant toxicities. Further studies using this combination of agents should only be undertaken with extreme caution and particular attention to neurotoxicity.
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keywords = metastasis
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23/442. Hilar lymph node metastasis in renal cell carcinoma.

    A 48-year-old man, who underwent a right nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma 7 years earlier, was found to have hilar lymph node metastasis alone, without lesions, in the pulmonary parenchyma. Chest X-ray and CT findings showed a left hilar mass about 4 x 2.5 cm in diameter. Left bronchial arteriography showed a hypervascular mass lesion in the left hilum. Macroscopic tumor invasion of the pulmonary artery and left main bronchus indicated left pneumonectomy. The resected specimen was found histologically to involve metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the left hilar lymph node about 3 cm in diameter. Tumor metastasis was limited to the lymph node. The metastatic pathway of renal cell carcinoma to the hilar lymph node was considered lymphogenous via either retrograde lymphatic flow from the thoracic duct or through the lymphatics in the inferior pulmonary ligament.
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ranking = 1.000266961921
keywords = metastasis, lymphatic
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24/442. Metastasis to the breast of a renal carcinoma: a clinical case.

    The breast is an unusual site for metastatic disease, and generally the lesion appears same times after the diagnosis of the primary malignancy. Authors report a case of a breast metastasis from a hypernephroma, six years after nefrectomy.
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keywords = metastasis
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25/442. A case against elective nephron sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma.

    A 62-year old man who incidentally was discovered to have a mass lesion in the lower pole of the left kidney underwent left radical nephrectomy. The mass was 32 millimetres in its largest diameter. Although the left adrenal gland was radiologically and macroscopically normal, histopathological examination revealed microscopic foci of metastasis. The present case urges us to be more cautious in offering partial nephrectomy for left sided tumours even though it is incidentally detected and small.
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keywords = metastasis
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26/442. Subchondral metastasis: report of five cases.

    Subchondral metastasis is a rare occurrence and poses a diagnostic dilemma as initial films may show a lytic lesion in the subchondral region often misinterpreted as being benign. We present five cases of subchondral metastasis as well as a review of the literature. In our cases, we present subchondral metastasis in the elbow, shoulder, and hip joints. All patients had pain over the affected joint and most presented with a lytic lesion in the subchondral bone. Three patients have died since presentation and two are doing well at last follow up visit. Subchondral metastasis is a rare entity, but it should be included in the differential of a lytic lesion in the subchondral bone.
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ranking = 1.3333333333333
keywords = metastasis
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27/442. electrochemotherapy with bleomycin in the treatment of hypernephroma metastasis: case report and literature review.

    A metastasis of hypernephroma was treated by electrochemotherapy with bleomycin. electrochemotherapy consists of chemotherapy followed by local application of electric pulses to the tumor in order to increase drug delivery to the cells. In the course of a four-week treatment period, the subcutaneous metastasis of the hypernephroma was treated with three sessions of electrochemotherapy, each consisting of 9-10 runs of 8 electric pulses, 10 min after intravenous injection of bleomycin. This treatment resulted in stabilization of the tumor volume for 12 months, whereas the subcutaneous metastasis next to the electrochemotherapy-treated one that did not receive electric pulses progressed immediately.
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ranking = 1.1666666666667
keywords = metastasis
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28/442. A rare case of lung cancer associated with renal cell cancer and benign histiocytoma of bone.

    lung cancer often metastasizes to organs outside the thorax, and consequently radiological evaluation of distant metastasis has become standard procedure prior to surgery. Although positive radiological findings generally suggest distant metastasis, the possibility of the co-existence of a benign tumor and primary malignancies must be considered. Herein we report a case of surgical resection of histologically confirmed lung cancer associated with renal cell cancer and benign histiocytoma of the humerus.
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keywords = metastasis
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29/442. Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the pancreas: a single-institution series and review of the literature.

    OBJECTIVES: To present a series of 5 patients with solitary metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) to the pancreas after radical nephrectomy at our institution and review the published reports of this rare event. methods: A retrospective review of the records of 5 patients with histologically confirmed RCC metastatic to the pancreas after radical nephrectomy was performed. A total of 5 patients (4 men, 1 woman) with a median age of 56 years (range 54 to 68) underwent radical nephrectomy for primary RCC. The pathologic stage was Robson I (n = 3) or Robson III (n = 2), with a left-sided tumor occurring in 3 patients and a right-sided tumor in 2 patients. The median interval from nephrectomy to the diagnosis of the pancreatic metastasis was 12 years (range 4 to 15). All patients were symptomatic at presentation, including weight loss (n = 3), abdominal pain (n = 3), early satiety (n = 1), steatorrhea (n = 1), and/or hemosuccus pancreaticus (n = 1). RESULTS: All pancreatic metastases were hypervascular on imaging studies, and surgical removal was accomplished by pancreaticoduodenectomy (n = 3), partial pancreatectomy (n = 1), or subtotal pancreatectomy (n = 1). One patient died of disseminated disease 12 months after pancreatic resection. Two other patients had recurrences in the lung (n = 1) at 5 months or the pancreas/liver (n = 1) at 48 months. Both of these patients underwent a second resection and were disease free at 2 and 12 months afterward. The two remaining patients were disease free at 7 and 24 months after pancreatic resection. CONCLUSIONS: RCC is an unpredictable tumor that may demonstrate very late metastases even from early-stage lesions. Aggressive surgical management of isolated pancreatic lesions offers a chance of long-term survival.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = metastasis
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30/442. A case of ileocolic intussusception from renal cell carcinoma.

    We report a case of ileal metastasis of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a 58-year-old male. The patient had a history of radical nephrectomy for a right RCC, and 2 years later underwent bilateral partial pneumonectomy for metastatic disease of the lung. A period of 1 year after the partial pneumonectomy, he developed bloody stools. colonoscopy revealed an ileocolic intussusception caused by a polypoid tumor in the ileum, and the tumor was observed to be protruding into the ascending colon. The histological features of the tumor biopsy specimen confirmed the diagnosis of metastatic RCC. Metastasis of RCC in the small bowel is a rare disease clinically. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case with ileal metastasis of RCC, which has been definitively diagnosed by colonoscopy.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = metastasis
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